FISH

fluorescent in situ hybridization


GRAS

generally recognized as safe (FDA)


HEV

hepatitis E virus

HIV

human immunodeficiency virus

HPC

heterotrophic plate count


IARC

International Agency for Research on Cancer

IMS

immunomagnetic separation

IRIS

Integrated Risk Information System (EPA)


LEE

locus for enterocytic effacement

LFER

linear free energy relationship

LOAEL

lowest observed adverse effect level


MCL

maximum contaminant level

MCLG

maximum contaminant level goal

mRNA

messenger ribonucleic acid

MTBE

methyl-t-butyl ether


NCHS

National Center for Health Statistics

NCOD

National Drinking Water Contaminant Occurrence Database (EPA)

NDWAC

National Drinking Water Advisory Council

NIAID

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

NLM

National Library of Medicine

NLV

Norwalk-like caliciviruses

NOAEL

no observed adverse effect level

NPDWR

National Primary Drinking Water Regulation

NRC

National Research Council


ORD

Office for Research and Development (EPA)

OW

Office of Water (EPA)


PCCL

preliminary CCL

PCR

polymerase chain reaction

POP

persistent organic pollutant

PTB

persistent, toxic, or liable to bioaccumulate

PWS

public water system



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