nants, people who are exceptionally sensitive to an array of chemical contaminants, people with specific medical conditions that make them more susceptible, people with poor nutrition, and people experiencing socioeconomic hardships and racial or ethnic discrimination.

  • Transparency should be incorporated into the design and development of the classification and decision-making process for future CCLs in addition to being an integral component in communicating the details of the process to the public. Otherwise, the public may perceive the process as subject to manipulation to achieve or support desired results. Therefore, sufficient information should be provided such that citizens can place themselves in a position similar to decision-makers and arrive at their own reasonable and informed judgments. This may require making available to the public the software and databases used in the process.

  • The central tenet that the public is, in principle, capable of making wise and prudent decisions should be recognized and reflected in the choice of public participation procedures used to help create future CCLs. A “decide-announce-defend” strategy that involves the public only after the deliberation process is over is not acceptable. Substantive public involvement should occur throughout the design and implementation of the process. EPA should strive to “get the right participation” (i.e., sufficiently broad participation that includes the range of interested and affected parties) as well as to “get the participation right” (e.g., incorporating public values, viewpoints, and preferences into the process).

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