In order to remedy the fragmentation of effort discussed in NRC, 1999a, the report also recommends the Climate Service seek integration of effort across the disciplines involved in weather and climate modeling, across institutions, and across modeling, data and computational systems. A software infrastructure to enable collaboration and development of software by multiple scientists at multiple institutions, to allow a transition path from discovery-driven research to product-driven activities, and to optimize across computational resources and scientific research is also recommended. Issues of machines and software form an important part of the report.

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