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EVALUATION OF CRITERIA FOR SELECTING A SALT PROCESSING ALTERNATIVE FOR HIGH-LEVEL WASTE AT THE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE: INTERIM REPORT EVALUATION OF CRITERIA FOR SELECTING A SALT PROCESSING ALTERNATIVE FOR HIGH-LEVEL WASTE AT THE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE: INTERIM REPORT Committee on Radionuclide Separation Processes for High-Level Waste at the Savannah River Site Board on Radioactive Waste Management Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology Division on Earth and Life Studies National Research Council NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS Washington, D.C.
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EVALUATION OF CRITERIA FOR SELECTING A SALT PROCESSING ALTERNATIVE FOR HIGH-LEVEL WASTE AT THE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE: INTERIM REPORT NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W. Washington, D.C.20418 NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance. This study was supported by Contract/Grant No. DEFC0199EW59049 between the National Academy of Sciences and the Department of Energy. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data or International Standard Book Number 0-309-0XXXX-X Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 97-XXXXX Additional copies of this report are available from National Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W., Lockbox 285,Washington, D.C. 20055; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313 (in the Washington metropolitan area); Internet, http://www.nap.edu Printed in the United States of America Copyright2001by theNational Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
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EVALUATION OF CRITERIA FOR SELECTING A SALT PROCESSING ALTERNATIVE FOR HIGH-LEVEL WASTE AT THE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE: INTERIM REPORT THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES National Academy of Sciences National Academy of Engineering Institute of Medicine National Research Council The National Academy of Sciencesis a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineeringwas established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. William A. Wulf is president of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth I. Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts and Dr. William A. Wulf are chairman and vice chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council.
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EVALUATION OF CRITERIA FOR SELECTING A SALT PROCESSING ALTERNATIVE FOR HIGH-LEVEL WASTE AT THE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE: INTERIM REPORT COMMITTEE ON RADIONULIDE SEPARATION PROCESSES FOR HIGH-LEVEL WASTE AT THE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE MILTON LEVENSON, Chair, Bechtel International (retired), Menlo Park, California GREGORY R. CHOPPIN, Vice-Chair, JOHN E. BERCAW, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena DARYLE H. BUSCH, University of Kansas, Lawrence JAMES H. ESPENSON, Iowa State University, Ames GEORGE E. KELLER II, Union Carbide Corporation (retired), South Charleston, West Virginia THEODORE A. KOCH, E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company (retired), Wilmington, Delaware ALFRED P. SATTELBERGER, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico MARTIN J. STEINDLER, Argonne National Laboratory (retired), Downers Grove, Illinois Staff ROBERT S. ANDREWS, Senior Staff Officer, Board on Radioactive Waste Management CHRISTOPHER K. MURPHY, Program Officer, Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology LAURA LLANOS, Senior Project Assistant, Board on Radioactive Waste Management TONI GREENLEAF, Administrative Associate, Board on Radioactive Waste Management
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EVALUATION OF CRITERIA FOR SELECTING A SALT PROCESSING ALTERNATIVE FOR HIGH-LEVEL WASTE AT THE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE: INTERIM REPORT BOARD ON RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT JOHN F. AHEARNE, Chair, Sigma Xi and Duke University, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina CHARLES MCCOMBIE, Vice-Chair, Consultant, Gipf-Oberfrick, Switzerland ROBERT M. BERNERO, Consultant, Bethesda, Maryland ROBERT J. BUDNITZ, Future Resources Associates, Inc., Berkeley, California GREGORY R. CHOPPIN, Florida State University, Tallahassee RODNEY C. EWING, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor JAMES H. JOHNSON, JR., Howard University, Washington, D.C. ROGER E. KASPERSON, Clark University, Worcester, Massachusetts NIKOLAY P. LAVEROV, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow JANE C.S. LONG, Mackay School of Mines, University of Nevada, Reno ALEXANDER MACLACHLAN, E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company (retired), Wilmington, Delaware WILLIAM A. MILLS, Oak Ridge Associated Universities (retired), Olney, Maryland MARTIN J. STEINDLER, Argonne National Laboratories (retired), Argonne, Illinois ATSUYUKI SUZUKI, University of Tokyo, Japan JOHN J. TAYLOR, Electric Power Research Institute (retired), Palo Alto, California VICTORIA J. TSCHINKEL, Landers and Parsons, Tallahassee, Florida Staff KEVIN D. CROWLEY, Director ROBERT S. ANDREWS, Senior Staff Officer BARBARA PASTINA, Staff Officer GREGORY H. SYMMES, Senior Staff Officer JOHN R. WILEY, Senior Staff Officer SUSAN B. MOCKLER, Research Associate TONI GREENLEAF, Administrative Associate LATRICIA C. BAILEY, Senior Project Assistant LAURA D. LLANOS, Senior Project Assistant SUZANNE STACKHOUSE, Project Assistant ANGELA R. TAYLOR, Senior Project Assistant JAMES YATES, JR., Office Assistant
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EVALUATION OF CRITERIA FOR SELECTING A SALT PROCESSING ALTERNATIVE FOR HIGH-LEVEL WASTE AT THE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE: INTERIM REPORT BOARD ON CHEMICAL SCIENCES AND TECHNOLOGY KENNETH N. RAYMOND, Co-Chair, University of California, Berkeley JOHN L. ANDERSON, Co-Chair, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania JOSEPH M. DESIMONE, University of North Carolina and North Carolina State University, Raleigh CATHERINE C. FENSELAU, University of Maryland, College Park ALICE P. GAST, Stanford University, Stanford, California RICHARD M. GROSS, Dow Chemical Company, Midland, Michigan NANCY B. JACKSON, Sandia National Laboratory, Albuquerque, New Mexico GEORGE E. KELLER II, Union Carbide Company (retired), South Charleston, West Virginia SANGTAE KIM, Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, Indiana WILLIAM KLEMPERER, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts THOMAS J. MEYER, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico PAUL J. REIDER, Merck Research Laboratories, Rahway, New Jersey LYNN F. SCHNEEMEYER, Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, New Jersey MARTIN B. SHERWIN, Chem Ven Group, Inc., Boca Raton, Florida JEFFREY J. SIIROLA, Chemical Process Research Laboratory, Kingsport, Tennessee CHRISTINE S. SLOANE, General Motors, Troy, Michigan ARNOLD F. STANCELL, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta PETER J. STANG, University of Utah, Salt Lake City JOHN C. TULLY, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticutt CHI-HUEY WONG, Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California STEVEN W. YATES, University of Kentucky, Lexington Staff DOUGLAS J. RABER, Director RUTH MCDIARMID, Program Officer CHRISTOPHER K. MURPHY, Program Officer SYBIL A. PAIGE, Administrative Associate
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EVALUATION OF CRITERIA FOR SELECTING A SALT PROCESSING ALTERNATIVE FOR HIGH-LEVEL WASTE AT THE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE: INTERIM REPORT Acknowledgement of Reviewers This report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the National Research Council (NRC) Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making the published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their participation in the review of this report: Robert M. Bernero, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (retired) J. Brent Hiskey, University of Arizona Lawrence Kershner, Dow Chemical Company James W. Mitchell, Bell Labs/Lucent Technologies Kenneth N. Raymond, University of California, Berkeley Edwin L. Zebroski, Elgis Consulting Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the conclusions or recommendations nor did they see the final draft of the report before its release. The review of this report was overseen by Royce W. Murray, University of North Carolina, appointed by the NRC's Report Review Committee, who was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the authoring committee and the institution.
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EVALUATION OF CRITERIA FOR SELECTING A SALT PROCESSING ALTERNATIVE FOR HIGH-LEVEL WASTE AT THE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE: INTERIM REPORT This page in the original is blank.