Appendix C Educational Testing Service (ETS) and National Evaluation Systems (NES) Teacher Licensure Tests

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education—Release 2. 2000. The Initial Report of the Secretary on the Quality of Teacher Preparation. Washington, DC: Office of Postsecondary Education, U.S. Department of Education.



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Testing Teacher Candidates: The Role of Licensure Tests in Improving Teacher Quality Appendix C Educational Testing Service (ETS) and National Evaluation Systems (NES) Teacher Licensure Tests SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education—Release 2. 2000. The Initial Report of the Secretary on the Quality of Teacher Preparation. Washington, DC: Office of Postsecondary Education, U.S. Department of Education.

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Testing Teacher Candidates: The Role of Licensure Tests in Improving Teacher Quality Appendix A: Complete List of Praxis Tests, Scores, and State Cut Scores: 1998–99 This appendix contains a listing of the Praxis assessments used by states in the teacher certification and licensure process. The Praxis Series, or Professional Assessments for Beginning Teachers, was developed and is administered by the Educational Testing Service (ETS). There are 3 components of the Praxis Series: Praxis I—Academic Skills Assessments; Praxis II—Subject Assessments/Specialty Area, Professional Knowledge, and Core Battery tests, the Principles of Learning and Teaching (PPLT), and the Multiple Subjects Assessment for Teachers (MSAT); and Praxis III—Classroom Performance Assessment. The Academic Skills Assessments include the Pre-Professional Skills Tests (PPST) and the Computer-Based Testing (CBT) program, both of which measure basic proficiency in reading, writing, and mathematics. States set their own cut score or minimum passing score for their test takers. BASIC SKILLS   Praxis I: Academic Assessments Praxis II: Core Battery   PPST: Mathematics PPST: Reading PPST: Writing CBT: Mathematics CBT: Reading CBT: Writing Communication Skills General Knowledge Professional Knowledge Test Number 730 710 720 731 711 721 500 510 520 Score Range 150–190 150–190 150–190 300–335 300–335 300–335 600–695 600–695 600–695 State   AR 169 170 171 314 316 316     642 CT       319 324 318       DE 174 175 173 319 322 319     657 DC * 172 171 * 319 316       FL 175 172 171 317 321 318       GA 173 172 172 318 319 318     646 HI 176 175 171 321 322 316     642 IN             653 647 644 KS 174 173 172           645 KY 173 173 172 318 320 318 646 643 648 LA             645 644 648 ME 172 173 168 317 320 312 656 649   MD             648 645   MN 169 173 172 314 320 318       MS 169 170 172 314 316 318       MT 170 170 170 315 316 314     630 *=Test required—passing score not set **=Effective January 1999 += Multiple scores required a-ac=See notes at end of this appendix

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Testing Teacher Candidates: The Role of Licensure Tests in Improving Teacher Quality BASIC SKILLS   Praxis I: Academic Assessments Praxis II: Core Battery   PPST: Mathematics PPST: Reading PPST: Writing CBT: Mathematics CBT: Reading CBT: Writing Communication Skills General Knowledge Professional Knowledge NC 173 176 173 318 323 319     661 NE 171 170 172 316 316 318       NH 172 174 172 317 321 318 642     NJ               649 643 NM             644 645 630 NV 170 172 172 315 319 318     649 NY             650 649 642 OH               642   OR 175 174 171 320 321 317       PA             646 644 653 RI             657 (g) 649 (g)   SC * * * * * *       TN 169 169 172 314 315 318       TX * * * * * *       VA 178 178 176 323 326 324       WV 172 172 171 317 319 316       WI 173 175 174 318 322 320       DoDEA 175 177 174 320 325 320 655     USVI 170 175 174 315 322 320      

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Testing Teacher Candidates: The Role of Licensure Tests in Improving Teacher Quality PROFESSIONAL KNOWLEDGE OF TEACHING   PLT: Grades K-6 PLT: Grades 5–9 PLT: Grades 7–12 Test Number 522 523 524 Score Range State 100–200 100–200 100–200 AR       CT   163   FL       GA   166   HI 163 157 157 IN       KS       KY       LA       ME       MD       MS 152 152 152 PROFESSIONAL KNOWLEDGE OF TEACHING   PLT: Grades K-6 PLT: Grades 5–9 PLT: Grades 7–12 MO   160 160 NC 160 160 160 NJ       NM       NV 169   161 NY       OH       OR       PA 162   159 RI       SC       TN 155 * 159 WV 165 154 156 DoDEA      

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Testing Teacher Candidates: The Role of Licensure Tests in Improving Teacher Quality SUBJECT AREA KNOWLEDGE   Accounting (PA Version) Agriculture Agriculture (CA Version) Agriculture (PA Version) Art Education Art Making Art: Content Knowledge Art: Content, Traditions, Criticism & Aesthetics Athletic Trainer (WV Version) Biology Test Number 791 700 900 780 130 131 133 132 097 230 Score Range 100–200 250–990 250–990 250–990 250–990 100–200 100–200 100–200 100–200 250–990 State   AR         450           CA           171 passing, 163 min. (a)   160 passing, 150 min. (a)     CT       470   148 157 130     DE   DC   FL   GA   530       150 161       HI             166 135     IN         510           KS   KY   530       154 139       LA   ME   MD         510         510 MN   MO   490         153       MS         530           MT   NC           (b) (b) (b)   550 NE   * NH  

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Testing Teacher Candidates: The Role of Licensure Tests in Improving Teacher Quality SUBJECT AREA KNOWLEDGE   Accounting (PA Version) Agriculture Agriculture (CA Version) Agriculture (PA Version) Art Education Art Making Art: Content Knowledge Art: Content, Traditions, Criticism & Aesthetics Athletic Trainer (WV Version) Biology NJ             136       NM   NV           154 156       NY   OH         510           OR     620   610           PA *     *     161       RI   SC         500         480 TN   530         150 *     TX   VA         500           WV   430         160   158   WI   DoDEA   USVI  

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Testing Teacher Candidates: The Role of Licensure Tests in Improving Teacher Quality SUBJECT AREA KNOWLEDGE   Biology & General Science Biology: Content Essays Biology: Content Knowledge, Part 1 Biology: Content Knowledge, Part 2 Biology: Content Knowledge Biology: Pedagogy Business Education Chemistry Chemistry: Content Essays Chemistry: Content Knowledge Chemistry: Content Knowledge Test Number 030 233 231 232 235 234 100 240 242 241 245 Score Range 250–990 100–200 100–200 100–200 100–200 100–200 250–990 250–990 100–200 100–200 100–200 State   AR 540           550         CA   157 passing, 150 min. (c)             155 passing, 145 min. (c)     CT         152   620   140     DE   DC     152 144   *       147   FL   GA   143**     152**   590   140**     HI     161     139 550     144   IN 560           480 460       KS   KY 550 139 139       570     144   LA 580           540         ME   151 MD 570           540 *       MN   MO     156       550     142   MS 570           550 510     154** MT   NC   (d) (d)     (d) 580   (f) (f)   NE   NH  

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Testing Teacher Candidates: The Role of Licensure Tests in Improving Teacher Quality SUBJECT AREA KNOWLEDGE   Biology & General Science Biology: Content Essays Biology: Content Knowledge, Part 1 Biology: Content Knowledge, Part 2 Biology: Content Knowledge Biology: Pedagogy Business Education Chemistry Chemistry: Content Essays Chemistry: Content Knowledge Chemistry: Content Knowledge NJ       142     580     119   NM   NV     154     146, 150** 560   *,**     NY   OH 560           540 430       OR   154 161 156     620   140 144   PA *   144 135               RI                     *,** SC 590           540         TN   * 146     * 570   * 136   TX   VA 580           550 *       WV     140   152   570         WI   DoDEA   USVI                     154

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Testing Teacher Candidates: The Role of Licensure Tests in Improving Teacher Quality SUBJECT AREA KNOWLEDGE   Chemistry, Physics & General Science Communication Computer Literacy/Data Processing Cooperative Education Data Processing (PA Version) Driver Education (WV Version) Early Childhood Education Earth/Space Science Earth Science: Content Knowledge Economics Ed. Leadership: Admin. & Supervision Test Number 070 800 650 810 792 867 020 570 571 910 410 Score Range 250–990 250–990 250–990 250–990 100–200 100–200 250–990 250–990 100–200 250–990 250–990 State   AR 520           500       + CA   CT   157     DE   DC   520   FL   600   GA   590 HI   IN   510 420   460   KS   KY 510   540 LA 530   510   620 ME   MD 520   600   152     MN   MO     *       500   147     MS 510   590 MT   NC   530 530   NE   NH  

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Testing Teacher Candidates: The Role of Licensure Tests in Improving Teacher Quality SUBJECT AREA KNOWLEDGE   Chemistry, Physics & General Science Communication Computer Literacy/Data Processing Cooperative Education Data Processing (PA Version) Driver Education (WV Version) Early Childhood Education Earth/Space Science Earth Science: Content Knowledge Economics Ed. Leadership: Admin. & Supervision NJ   134   540 NM   NV   590 NY   OH 520   480   500 OR 570 *   770 *   600   630 PA *   530 570   RI   SC 570   520   590 TN   570   144 560 530 TX   VA 560   141 490   WV   530   570 WI   DoDEA   USVI  

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Testing Teacher Candidates: The Role of Licensure Tests in Improving Teacher Quality SUBJECT AREA KNOWLEDGE   Education in the Elementary School Education of Deaf & Hard of Hearing Students Education of Students with Mental Retardation Elem. Ed: Content Area Exercises Elem. Ed: Curriculum, Instruction & Assessment Elem. Ed: Curriculum, Instruction & Assess. (K-5) Engl. Lang., Lit., & Comp.: Cont. Knowledge Engl. Lang., Lit., & Comp.: Essays English Lang. Lit., & Comp.: Pedagogy English Language & Literature Environmental Education Test Number 010 271 320 012 011 016 041 042 043 040 830 Score Range 250–990 100–200 250–990 100–200 100–200 100–200 100–200 100–200 100–200 250–990 250–990 State   AR 500   490   CA   160       CT       148 163   172 160       DE   DC   * 146   142   *     FL 560   580   151   165   GA   168   137   154 163 135       HI       135 164   164   150     IN 520   560   500   KS   KY   156     143   138 135   LA 550   550   ME   MD 550   500   MN   MO   164   158   MS 540   540   530   MT   NC 540   580 (h) (h)   (i, k) (i) (i, k)     NE   NH   155, 150**    

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Testing Teacher Candidates: The Role of Licensure Tests in Improving Teacher Quality   96 ICTS Basic Skills Test: Grammar 70 0–100   96 ICTS Basic Skills Test: Reading 70 0–100   96 ICTS Basic Skills Test: Writing 70 0–100 Subject Matter Knowledge 02 Early Childhood 70 0–100   03 Elementary 70 0–100   23 History 70 0–100   24 Social Science 70 0–100   25 English 70 0–100   26 Spanish 70 0–100   27 French 70 0–100   28 German 70 0–100   29 Hebrew 70 0–100   30 Italian 70 0–100   31 Latin 70 0–100   32 Russian 70 0–100   33 Dance 70 0–100   34 Speech 70 0–100   35 Biological Science 70 0–100   36 Mathematics 70 0–100   37 Chemistry 70 0–100   38 Computer Sciences 70 0–100   39 General Sciences 70 0–100   40 Physical Science 70 0–100   41 Physics 70 0–100   42 Health 70 0–100   43 Health Occupations 70 0–100   44 Family and Consumer Sciences 70 0–100   45 Industrial Technology Education 70 0–100   46 Agriculture 70 0–100

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Testing Teacher Candidates: The Role of Licensure Tests in Improving Teacher Quality   47 Business/Marketing/Management 70 0–100   51 Art (6–12) 70 0–100   52 Music (6–12) 70 0–100   53 Physical Education (6–12) 70 0–100   54 Theater Arts 70 0–100   04 Educable Mentally Handicapped 70 0–100   05 Trainable Mentally Handicapped 70 0–100   06 Learning Disabilities 70 0–100   07 Social/Emotional Disorders 70 0–100   08 Deaf and Hard of Hearing 70 0–100   09 Speech and Language Impaired 70 0–100   10 Blind and Partially Sighted 70 0–100   11 Physically Handicapped 70 0–100   12 Media 70 0–100   13 Reading 70 0–100   14 English as a Second Language 70 0–100   48 Art (K- 12) 70 0–100   49 Music (K-12) 70 0–100   50 Physical Education (K-12) 70 0–100 MASSACHUSETTS MASSACHUSETTS TEACHER TESTS (MTT) PASSING SCORE SCALE Basic Skills 01 Communication and Literacy Skills Test 70 0–100 Subject Matter Knowledge 02 Early Childhood Education 70 0–100   03 Elementary Teacher 70 0–100   04 Middle School Teacher 70 0–100   05 Social Studies 70 0–100   06 History 70 0–100   07 English 70 0–100   08 Reading 70 0–100   09 Mathematics 70 0–100

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Testing Teacher Candidates: The Role of Licensure Tests in Improving Teacher Quality   10 General Science 70 0–100   11 Physics 70 0–100   12 Chemistry 70 0–100   13 Biology 70 0–100   14 Earth Science 70 0–100   15 Latin & Classical Humanities 70 0–100   16 Music 70 0–100   17 Visual Art 70 0–100   19 Business 70 0–100   20 Home Economics 70 0–100   21 Health Education 70 0–100   22 Physical Education 70 0–100   24 English as a Second Language 70 0–100   25 Special Needs 70 0–100   26 French 70 0–100   27 German 70 0–100   28 Spanish 70 0–100   29 Chinese 70 0–100   30 Italian 70 0–100   33 Technology Education 70 0–100 MICHIGAN MICHIGAN TEST FOR TEACHER CERTIFICATION (MTTC) PASSING SCORE SCALE Basic Skills 96 Basic Skills 220 100–300 Subject Matter Knowledge 01 Language Arts 220 100–300   02 English 220 100–300   03 Journalism 220 100–300   04 Speech 220 100–300   05 Reading 220 100–300   84 Social Studies 220 100–300   07 Economics 220 100–300

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Testing Teacher Candidates: The Role of Licensure Tests in Improving Teacher Quality   08 Geography 220 100–300   09 History 220 100–300   10 Political Science 220 100–300   11 Psychology 220 100–300   12 Sociology 220 100–300   13 Anthropology 220 100–300   14 Cultural Studies 220 100–300   15 Behavioral Studies 220 100–300   16 Science 220 100–300   17 Biology 220 100–300   18 Chemistry 220 100–300   19 Physics 220 100–300   20 Geology/Earth Sciences 220 100–300   21 Astronomy 220 100–300   22 Mathematics 220 100–300   23 French 220 100–300   24 German 220 100–300   26 Latin 220 100–300   27 Russian 220 100–300   28 Spanish 220 100–300   29 Italian 220 100–300   30 Polish 220 100–300   32 Business Education 220 100–300   33 Accounting 220 100–300   34 Business Administration 220 100–300   35 Secretarial Sciences 220 100–300   36 Marketing (Distributive Education) 220 100–300   37 Agricultural Education 220 100–300   38 Industrial Arts 220 100–300

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Testing Teacher Candidates: The Role of Licensure Tests in Improving Teacher Quality   39 Music Education 220 100–300   40 Home Economics 220 100–300   41 Art Education 220 100–300   42 Health, Physical Education, and Recreation 220 100–300   43 Health 220 100–300   44 Physical Education 220 100–300   46 Dance 220 100–300   47 Driver Education 220 100–300   48 Library Science 220 100–300   49 Environmental Studies 220 100–300   50 Computer Science 220 100–300   51 Guidance Counselor 220 100–300   53 Fine Arts 220 100–300   54 Humanities 220 100–300   56 Mentally Impaired 220 100–300   57 Speech and Language Impaired 220 100–300   58 Physically or Otherwise Health Impaired 220 100–300   59 Emotionally Impaired 220 100–300   61 Visually Impaired 220 100–300   62 Hearing Impaired 220 100–300   63 Learning Disabled 220 100–300   64 Autistic 220 100–300   65 Bilingual French 220 100–300   66 Bilingual German 220 100–300   67 Bilingual Greek 220 100–300   68 Bilingual Latin 220 100–300   69 Bilingual Russian 220 100–300   70 Bilingual Spanish 220 100–300   71 Bilingual Italian 220 100–300

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Testing Teacher Candidates: The Role of Licensure Tests in Improving Teacher Quality   72 Bilingual Polish 220 100–300   73 Bilingual Hebrew 220 100–300   74 Bilingual Arabic 220 100–300   75 Bilingual Other 220 100–300   76 Bilingual Vietnamese 220 100–300   77 Bilingual Korean 220 100–300   78 Bilingual Yugoslavian 220 100–300   79 Bilingual Chaldean 220 100–300   80 Bilingual Chinese 220 100–300   81 Bilingual Japanese 220 100–300   82 Early Childhood Education 220 100–300   83 Elementary Education 220 100–300 NEW MEXICO NEW MEXICO TEACHER ASSESSMENTS (NMTA) PASSING SCORE SCALE Basic Skills New Mexico Assessment of Teacher Basic Skills * **   New Mexico Assessment of Teacher General Knowledge * ** Professional Knowledge New Mexico Assessment of Teacher Competency * ** *New Mexico has not yet established a cut score for the New Mexico Teacher Assessments. **New Mexico has not yet established a scoring scale for the New Mexico Teacher Assessments. NEW YORK NEW YORK STATE TEACHER CERTIFICATION EXAMINATIONS (NYSTCE) PASSING SCORE SCALE Basic Skills 90 Elementary Assessment of Teaching Skills, Written (ATS-W) 220 100–300   91 Secondary Assessment of Teaching Skills, Written (ATS-W) 220 100–300   01 Liberal Arts and Sciences (LAST) 220 100–300   023 English Language Proficiency Assessment for Classroom Personnel (ELPA-C) 220 100–300   024 Target Language Proficiency Assessment (TLPA)—Spanish 220 100–300   026 Target Language Proficiency Assessment (TLPA)—Haitian Creole 220 100–300   027 Target Language Proficiency Assessment (TLPA)—Cantonese 220 100–300   028 Target Language Proficiency Assessment (TLPA)—Mandarin 220 100–300   029 Target Language Proficiency Assessment (TLPA)—Russian 220 100–300   030 Target Language Proficiency Assessment (TLPA)—Arabic 220 100–300

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Testing Teacher Candidates: The Role of Licensure Tests in Improving Teacher Quality   031 Target Language Proficiency Assessment (TLPA)—French 220 100–300   032 Target Language Proficiency Assessment (TLPA)—Korean 220 100–300   034 Target Language Proficiency Assessment (TLPA)—Urdu 220 100–300   037 Target Language Proficiency Assessment (TLPA)—Polish 220 100–300   043 Target Language Proficiency Assessment (TLPA)—Bengali 220 100–300   049 Target Language Proficiency Assessment (TLPA)—Vietnamese 220 100–300 Subject Matter Knowledge 02 Elementary Education 220 100–300   03 English 220 100–300   04 Mathematics 220 100–300   05 Social Studies 220 100–300   06 Biology 220 100–300   07 Chemistry 220 100–300   08 Earth Sciences 220 100–300   09 Physics 220 100–300   21 Early Childhood Education 220 100–300   22 English to Speakers of Other Languages 220 100–300   10 Latin 220 100–300   11 Cantonese 220 100–300   12 French 220 100–300   13 German 220 100–300   14 Greek 220 100–300   15 Hebrew 220 100–300   16 Italian 220 100–300   17 Japanese 220 100–300   18 Mandarin 220 100–300   19 Russian 220 100–300   20 Spanish 220 100–300 OKLAHOMA CERTIFICATION EXAMINATIONS FOR OKLAHOMA EDUCATORS (CEOE) PASSING SCORE SCALE Basic Skills 74 Oklahoma General Education Test (OGET) 240 100–300

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Testing Teacher Candidates: The Role of Licensure Tests in Improving Teacher Quality Professional Knowledge 70 OPTE: Early Childhood Education (PK-3) 240 100–300   71 OPTE: Elementary/Middle Level (1–8 or 5–9) 240 100–300   72 OPTE: Middle Level/Secondary (6–12 or 5–9) 240 100–300   73 OPTE: Multi-Level (PK-12) 240 100–300 Subject Matter Knowledge 11 OSAT: Advanced Mathematics 240 100–300   42 OSAT: Agricultural Education 240 100–300   02 OSAT: Art 240 100–300   10 OSAT: Biological Sciences 240 100–300   28 OSAT: Blind/Visual Impairment 240 100–300   40 OSAT: Business Education 240 100–300   04 OSAT: Chemistry 240 100–300   30 OSAT: Deaf/Hard of Hearing 240 100–300   36 OSAT: Driver Safety Education 240 100–300   05 OSAT: Early Childhood Education 240 100–300   08 OSAT: Earth Science 240 100–300   06 OSAT: Elementary Education 240 100–300   07 OSAT: English 240 100–300   09 OSAT: Family and Consumer Sciences 240 100–300   20 OSAT: French 240 100–300   21 OSAT: German 240 100–300   01 OSAT: Instrumental/General Music 240 100–300   37 OSAT: Journalism 240 100–300   23 OSAT: Latin 240 100–300   41 OSAT: Marketing Education 240 100–300   24 OSAT: Middle Level English 240 100–300   25 OSAT: Middle Level/Intermediate Mathematics 240 100–300   26 OSAT: Middle Level Science 240 100–300   27 OSAT: Middle Level Social Studies 240 100–300   29 OSAT: Mild/Moderate Disabilities 240 100–300

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Testing Teacher Candidates: The Role of Licensure Tests in Improving Teacher Quality   12 OSAT: Physical Education/Health/Safety 240 100–300   13 OSAT: Physical Science 240 100–300   14 OSAT: Physics 240 100–300   32 OSAT: Psychology/Sociology 240 100–300   22 OSAT: Russian 240 100–300   31 OSAT: Severe/Profound/Multiple Disabilities 240 100–300   19 OSAT: Spanish 240 100–300   16 OSAT: Speech/Drama/Debate 240 100–300   43 OSAT: Technology Education 240 100–300   17 OSAT: U.S. History/OK History/Government/Economics 240 100–300   03 OSAT: Vocal/General Music 240 100–300   18 OSAT: World History/Geography 240 100–300 OREGON TEST PASSING SCORE SCALE Basic Skills California Basic Educational Skills Test (CBEST): Reading 41 20–80   California Basic Educational Skills Test (CBEST): Writing 41 20–80   California Basic Educational Skills Test (CBEST): Mathematics 41 20–80 TEXAS EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATION OF EDUCATORS IN TEXAS (ExCET) PASSING SCORE SCALE Professional Knowledge 03 Secondary Professional Development 70 0–100   02 Elementary Professional Development 70 0–100 Subject Matter 04 Elementary Comprehensive 70 0–100   06 Art 70 0–100   71 American Sign Language 70 0–100   73 TASC-American Sign Language 70 0–100   53 Basic Business 70 0–100   23 Biology 70 0–100   54 Business Administration 70 0–100   52 Business Composite 70 0–100   20 Chemistry 70 0–100

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Testing Teacher Candidates: The Role of Licensure Tests in Improving Teacher Quality   18 Composite Science 70 0–100   24 Composite Social Studies 70 0–100   51 Computer Information Systems 70 0–100   44 Dance 70 0–100   21 Earth Science 70 0–100   27 Economics 70 0–100   16 English 70 0–100   48 French 70 0–100   26 Geography 70 0–100   49 German 70 0–100   25 Government 70 0–100   29 Health Education 70 0–100   28 History 70 0–100   30 Industrial Technology 70 0–100   46 Journalism 70 0–100   50 Latin 70 0–100   19 Life/Earth Science 70 0–100   65 Middle School Science 70 0–100   56 Marketing Education 70 0–100   17 Mathematics 70 0–100   08 Music 70 0–100   10 Physical Education 70 0–100   22 Physical Science 70 0–100   34 Physics 70 0–100   57 Psychology 70 0–100   45 Reading 70 0–100   55 Secretarial Business 70 0–100   58 Sociology 70 0–100   47 Spanish 70 0–100

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Testing Teacher Candidates: The Role of Licensure Tests in Improving Teacher Quality   42 Speech Communication 70 0–100   41 Theater Arts 70 0–100   31 Vocational Home Economics 70 0–100   33 Vocational Agriculture: Horticulture 70 0–100   32 Vocation Agriculture: Production 70 0–100   05 All-Level Art 70 0–100   07 All-Level Music 70 0–100   09 All-Level Physical Education 70 0–100   40 Special Education-Hearing Impaired 70 0–100   72 TASC 70 0–100   66 Bilingual Elementary Comprehensive 70 0–100   67 Bilingual Endorsement 70 0–100   14 Early Childhood Education 70 0–100   12 English as a Second Language 70 0–100   11 Generic Special Education 70 0–100   41 Information Processing Technologies 70 0–100   35 Learning Resources 70 0–100   38 Severely Emotionally Disturbed and Autistic 70 0–100   37 Severely and Profoundly Handicapped 70 0–100   36 Visually Impaired 70 0–100   75 Braille 70 0–100   80 TOPT French 70 0–100   81 TOPT Spanish 70 0–100