systems—Baltimore City and Prince George’s County. These two systems have the highest percentage of teachers with emergency/provisional certification. The resident teacher program is an alternative route into teaching and was designed for arts and science college graduates and individuals seeking a career change. To enter the program, candidates must possess a baccalaureate degree from an accredited institution in the area of the classroom assignment, have received a B or better in courses related to the area of assignment, submit qualifying scores on Praxis I and II, and completed 135 hours of study (aligned with the Essential Dimensions of Teaching—Maryland’s standards for teacher candidates). Once the requirements are met, the teacher candidate receives a resident teacher certificate and may be employed by a state school system as a resident teacher. During employment, a resident teacher must complete an additional 45 hours of study (for secondary teachers) or an additional 135 hours of study (for elementary teachers) and receive mentoring for each year employed as a resident teacher (four-year limit to employment with this certificate) and provide verification of satisfactory teaching performance (for every year spent teaching). Pending budget approval, the state will allocate additional funds ($1 million per year for three years) to establish resident programs statewide.
Maryland is strengthening its school-based preservice and continuing professional development programs and was awarded a Title II grant by the U.S. Department of Education to support this initiative. Funds from the grant are also being used to strengthen teacher education programs through a focus on state and national K-12 student standards and high-level teacher certification requirements and to increase the state’s accountability system for teacher preparation programs.