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5 Online Resources Over the course of this study, the task group identified a wide range of online resources related to sustainable design and development, value engineering, performance measures, environmentally preferable products and lessons learned. This chapter contains a distillation of those resources, focussing primarily on federal agency resources and resources most directly related to this study. The list of ]:nternet sites is organized into five general categories: (~) Sustainable Development and Value Engineering; this category is subdivided into federal agency sites; govemment-wide guidance; and other sites. (2) Performance Standards for Sustainable Facilities (3) Environmentally Preferable Products (4) Lessons Learned (5) Index SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND VALUE ENGINEERING Federal Agency Sites Department of Agriculture http://wWw.usda.gov:80/ocio/directives/SM/SM9500-6.htm} Provides a copy of a 1996 Department of Agriculture memorandum that outlines the department's support for policies, programs, activities, and education in sustainable development. Department of the Army Information on Sustainable Design and Development http://www.hqUa.army.mil/acsimweb/fd/linksSDD.htm#document Provides an index of documents, references, training materials, sustainable design and development success stories, and other sites that relate to the military. Sustainable Design for Military Facilities http://www.usace.army.mil/inet/usace-docs/eng-tech-Itrs/et] ~ ~ ~ 0-3-49 l/entire.pUf Provides information and guidance for incorporating sustainable design concepts in the design and construction of military facilities. The file is available for download in PDF- format. 53

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s4 Department of Defense Defense Environmental Network & Information eXchange http://www.denix.osd.mil/denix/denix.htmI/ Provides access to environmental legislative, compliance, restoration, cleanup, and DoD guidance information. It is intended to serve as a central electronic "meeting place" where information can be exchanged among environmental professionals worldwide. Sustainable Federal Facilities Department of Energy Energy Efficiency an(l Renewable Energy Network http://www.eren.doe.gov Provides access to various DOE energy efficiency and renewable energy information resources, including: Federal Energy Management Program Building Commissioning Guide http://www.eren.doe.gov/femp/techassist/bIdgcomgd.htm} Provides links to the Federal Energy Management Program's Building Commissioning Guidle. The guide was created by the Federal Energy Management Program, in cooperation with the General Services Administration, to address the requirements of Executive Order 12902, which state that each federal agency involved in the construction of a new facility must ensure that the facility is designed to minimize the life cycle cost of the facility by using energy efficiency, water conservation, or renewable energy technologies. Federal Energy Management Program Greening Federal Facilities Guide http://www.eren.doe.gov/femp/greenfed Provides access to the Federal Energy Management Program's Greening Federal Facilities' a resource guide for federal facility managers to assist them in reducing energy consumption and costs, to help improve the working environment of the facilities they manage, and reduce the environmental impacts of their operations. Office of Building Technology, State, and Community Programs Building Energy Software Tools http://www.eren.doe.govibuildings/tools_directory Contains information on various energy-related software tools for buildings, which emphasize the use of renewable energy and energy efficiency and sustainability in buildings. Guidelines for Sustainable Building Design: Recommendations from the Presidio of San Francisco Energy Efficiency Design Charrette http://ateam.Ibl.gov/PUBSAbrownprs.pdf Provides access to the proceedings from a design workshop held in 1994 that was organized to develop solutions for the energy-efficient redevelopment of buildings by the National Park Service (NPS) at the Presidio of San Francisco. This event brought together engineers, researchers, architects, government officials, and students in a

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Online Resources s5 participatory environment to apply their experience to create guidelines for the sustainable redesign of Presidio buildings. The document draws on information developed in the charrette, combined with experience gained by the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Applications Team in subsequent actual Presidio design assistance for the NPS. The emphasis on optimization and an interdisciplinary intecrated-sYstems approach may be applicable to the creation of sustainable buildings in other settings. ~ . Buildings Technology Center Oak Ridge National Laboratory h t t p : / / w w w . o r n ~ . g o v / O R N ~ / B T C / The Buildings Technology Center (BTC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory is a research facility devoted to the development of technologies that improve the energy efficiency and environmental compatibility of residential and commercial buildings. Established by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Building Technology State and Community Programs, the BTC is a designated "National User Facility," which means that its facilities are available to manufacturers, universities, ant! other organizations for proprietary and nonproprietary research and development. Environmental Restoration Applied Cost Engineering Team http://www.em.doe.gov/aceteam/ Serves as the homepage for the Department of Energy's Environmental Restoration Applied Cost Engineering Team. The ACE team is part of DOE's Environmental Management program, and was established to promote continuous cost improvements through dissemination of cost engineering tools, methods, techniques, best practices, and lessons learned across the Environmental Management complex. The site outlines ACE team activities and lessons learned from the program. Center of Excellence for Sustainable Develonment http://www.sustainable.doe.gov This Department of Energy site offers a menu of information and services on sustainable development strategies for local communities, including: Sustainable Building Technical Manual http://www.sustainable.doe.gov/articles/ptipub.htm The Sustainable Building Technical Manual: Green Building Design, Construction, and Operations is designed to help architects, developers, building owners, government officials, and others implement sustainable development practices. Department of the Interior National Park Service Greening the National Parks Through Environmental Leadership http://www.nps.gov/renew/ Contains information on the National Park Service's environmental initiatives, including:

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s6 Sustainable Federal Facilities Guiding Principles of Sustainable Design http://www.nps.gov/dsc/dsgncnstr/gps]Jtoc.html Provides links to the principles used by the National Park Service as a basis for achieving sustainability in facility planning and design. Bureau of Reclamation - Value Program http://www.usbr.gov/valuprog/ Provides information on the Department of the Interior's Bureau of Reclamation Value Program. Links to program studies and value engineering resources are provided. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance http://es.epa.gov/oeca/cemp/cemptoc.html Provides access to the Implementation Guide for the Code of Environmental Management Principles for Federal Agencies. The site provides answers to such questions as: what is the code of environmental management principles; and, what is an environmental management system? The guide, and additional resources, are available on the site in Adobe Acrobat format. Federal Highway Administration -Value Engineering http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/ve/vehome.htm Provides information on the regulations covering value engineering for the federal-aid highway program. Information provided includes the FHWA's value engineering policy; the value engineering process; the value engineering job plan; the rationale for performing value engineering reviews; a description of the value engineering workshop for training individuals in public transportation organizations; and year-end summary reports of state value engineering activity. General Services Administration Planet GSA http://www.gsa.gov/planetgsa/ Provides information on the Planet GSA Program, the General Services Administration's homepage on "green" initiatives. it contains information on GSA's national building green initiative, and buying green, driving green, managing green, and saving green resources. GSA Real Property Sustainable Development Guide http://w~vw.gsa.gov/realpropertypolicy Provides access to the General Services Administration's Real Property Sustainable Development Guide, a 28-page guide highlighting principles of sustainable development. Chapters include the sustainable workplace; implementing sustainability; ideas/case studies; and resources. The guide is available for download in PDF-format.

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Online Resources 57 U.S. Air Force Environmentally Responsible Facilities Guide, June 1998 Air Force Center for Environmental Excellence http://www.afcee.brooks.af.mil/green/facilitiesguide/facguide.asp Provides access to the U.S. Air Force EnvironmentallY Resoonsible Facilities Guide. The guide provides an ~ntrocluct~on to the environmental challenges faced in planning, programming, designing and constructing facilities. It addresses facility-and site-related issues and is intended to be a practical tool for implementing environmentally- responsible practices. It is available for downioac! in PDF-format. _ ~ ~ . . . . .. . . . .. Green Base of the Future http://www.3di.com/gbof/ Provides information on the Green Base of the Future project. The project is an outgrowth of the Texas Pollution Prevention Partnership that was formed between the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission and military installations in Texas in June 1996. Together with the Air Force Center for Environmental Excellence (AFCEE), the partnership conceived the Green Base of the Future initiative in order to integrate pollution prevention into everyday activities throughout military installations in Texas and, to further AFCEE's goals for resource conservation. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers http://www.cecer.army.mil/sustUesign/ Provides access to the Engineer Research and Development Center and the Construction Engineering Research Laboratory of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. The site provides information on sustainable design and development, actions the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is taking in this area, and highlights of other federal agencies' sustainable design and development efforts. U.S. Navy Naval Facilities Engineering Command Criteria Office and Engineering Innovation Division http://www.efdiant.navLac.navy.mil/Lantops_] S/home.htm Contains information on, and links to, the Naval Facilities Engineering Command's planning and design policy statements on sustainable development. Naval Facilities Engineering Service Center Joint Service Pollution Prevention Technical Library http://enviro.nfesc.navy.mil/p2library/ Provides access to the Joint Service Pollution Prevention Technical Library. The library deals with pollution prevention and compliance information and is comprised of the Pollution Prevention Opportunity Handbook, Pollution Prevention Equipment Book, Environmental Products Catalog, and technical documents.

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58 Sustainable Federal Facilities Whole Building Design Guide National Institute of Building Sciences http://www.wbUg.org/ Provides access to the Whole Building Design Guide, which is sponsored by several federal agencies, through the National Institute of Building Sciences. The Whole Building Design Guide condenses data about building design and products into more usable, up-to-date information. Users will be able to access specific information through resource pages by way of three major categories: Building Types, Design Criteria, and Products and Systems. The resource pages are reductive summaries on particular tonics written by industry experts, and provide links to both internal pages and external sites. r ~ Government-wide Guidance Cocle of Federal Regulations http://www.access.gpo.gov/nara/cfr/cfr-table-search.htm] Provides access to the general and permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the executive departments and agencies of the federal government. Council on Environmental Quality http://www.whitehouse.gov/CEQ/ Provides information on the Council on Environmental Quality. The Council coordinates federal environmental efforts and works closely with agencies ant! other White House offices in the development of environmental policies and initiatives. Executive Orders http://www.pub.whitehouse.gov/search/executive-orders.html Allows the user to search for Executive Orders. Office of Management and Budget Circulars http://www.whitehouse.gov/OMB/circulars/index.htm} Contains links to OMB circulars; circulars are arranged in numerical order. Federal Acquisition Regulations http: //www. arnet. gov/far/ Provides access to current Federal Acquisition Regulations, Federal Acquisition Circulars, and other information related to Federal Acquisition Regulations. National Town Meeting for a Sustainable America http ://www. sustainableusa. coin/proceedings/ Contains the proceedings of the National Town Meeting for a Sustainable America held on May 2-5, 1999, in Detroit, Michigan, and other locations across America. The National Town Meeting was co-sponsored by the President's Council on Sustainable Development and the Global Environment and Technology Foundation.

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Online Resources Other Sites American Planning Association APA Policy Guide on Planning for Sustainability http://www.planning.org/govt/sust~vpg.htm Contains the American Planning Association's policy guide on planning for sustainability; adopted by Chapter Delegate Assembly, April 16, 2000 and ratified by Board of Directors, April 17, 2000. so Assessing Progress Toward Sustainability Project International Development Research Centre and the World Conservation Union http://www.iucn.org/themes/eval/english/index.htm Provides information about the concepts, tools and case studies for monitoring, evaluating, and diagnosing processes for achieving sustainability. Association for the Advancement of Cost Engineering http://www.cost.org/ Provides access to the Association for the Advancement of Cost Engineering. The Association provides information and resources for cost managers and engineers, project managers, planners and schedulers, estimators and bidders, and value engineers. California Department of Transportation Value Analysis Guides http://www.dot.ca.gov/hq/oppd/value Provides access to the California DOT's guides on value engineering: Value Analysis Report Guide and Value Analysis Team Guide. Both files are available for download in pUf-format. Canadian Society of Value Analysis http://www.scav-csva.org/CSVA.htm Provides information on the Canadian Society for Value Analysis. The Society promotes the value analysis methodology by producing publications and holding conferences. City of Austin The Green Building Program http://www.ci.austin.tx.us/greenbuilder/ Provides information on the City of Austin's Green Building Program, which encourages construction professionals and consumers to incorporate sustainable building practices, systems, and materials into residential and commercial construction. The program presents specific and general recommendations for environmentally friendly homes that may also be relevant to other types of development.

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60 City of New York High Performance Building Guidelines http://www.ci.nyc.ny.us/htmI/~dc/p~f/greentoc.pUf Provides access to High Performance Building Guidelines, a set of guidelines designed to bring awareness of green design to New York City's buil(ling procurement process. The guidelines also serve as a resource for anyone working to incorporate environmental principles into commercial buildings. National Center for Appropriate Technology Center for Resourceful Building Technology http://www.crbt.org Provides information on the Center for Resourceful Building Technology, a project of the National Center for Appropriate Technology (www.ncat.org). The Center promotes environmentally responsible construction practices through research, education, anal demon strati on . Sustainable Federal Facilities SAVE Society of American Value Engineers http://www.value-eng.org Provides information on value engineering, including trends, upcoming events, links and resources. University of Michigan Sustainable Architecture Compendium http://www.umich.edu/~nppcpub/resources/compendia/architecture.htm! Provides access to the University of Michigan's Sustainable Architecture Compendium. The site contains resource lists, documents, and bibliographies relater! to sustainable development. Documents are available for download in PDF-format. PERFORMANCE STANDARDS FOR SUSTAINABLE FACIIJITlES BREEAM Building Research Establishment Lld. of the United Kingdom http://www.bre.co.uk/sustainable/service ~ .htm] Provides access to the Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method (BREEAM), a too! that allows owners, users, and designers of buildings to review and improve environmental performance throughout the life of a building. It sets a benchmark for environmental performance. It is based on construction and environmental research carried out at the Building Research Establishment together with the input of the construction and property industries and government and building regulators. Environmental Protection Agency Energy Star Buildings Program http://www.epa.gov/buildings Provides information on the Energy Star Buildings Program, a voluntary program in which building owners agree to install high-efficiency heating, cooling, ventilating and

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Online Resources 61 lighting and control products. A central component of the program is the five-stage implementation strategy that takes advantage of building system interactions, enabling building owners to achieve additional energy savings while lowering capital expenditures. Also includes: ENERGY STAR http://www.epa.gov/buildings/labe] Provides an introduction to the Energy Star label for buildings. The EPA and the U.S. Department of Energy have established Energy Star criteria for commercial buildings based on energy consumption on a 0-to-100 scale. Buildings that are among the top 25 percent nationwide in terms of energy performance, equal to a benchmarking score of 75 or greater, and that maintain an indoor environment that conforms to industry standards can qualify for designation as Energy Star buildings. Energy Star Buildings Upgrade Manual http://www.epa.gov/buildings/esbhome/about/planning.pdf Contains the Energy Star Buildings Upgrade Manual, a guide for Energy Star building partners to use in planning and implementing profitable energy-eff~ciency upgrades in their facilities. The manual can be used as a framework for an energy strategy, focusing on the Energy Star buildings five-stage approach: Stage ~ - Green lights Stage 2 - Building tune-up Stage 3 - Other load reductions Stage 4 - Fan system upgrades Stage 5 - Heating and cooling system upgrades Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design Green Building Rating System Criteria (LEED) U.S. Green Building Council http://www.usgbc.org/programs/leed.htm Provides information on the LEED Green Building Rating System. LEED evaluates environmental performance from a "whole building" perspective over a building's life cycle, providing a definitive standard for what constitutes a "green building." LEED is a self-certifying system designed for rating new and existing commercial, institutional, and high-rise residential buildings. It is a feature-oriented system where credits are earned for satisfying each criterion. Different levels of green building certification are awarded based on the total credits earned. U.S. Green Builcling Council http://www.usgbc.org/ The homepage of the U.S. Green Building Council; its mission is to accelerate the adoption by industry and government of green building practices, technologies, policies, and standards.

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62 Sustainable Federal Facilities ENVIRONMENTALLY PREFERABLE PRODUCTS Architectural Record Green Products Guide http://192.2 15.32. 1 59/GREEN/GREEN.ASP Created and maintained by Architecturairecord.com, provides links to environmentally- friendly building materials resources. Carnegie Mellon University Economic Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment http://www.eioica.net Provides access to the Carnegie Mellon University, Green Design Initiative, Economic Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment. This too] allows the user to estimate the overall environmental effects of producing a certain dollar amount of any of 500 commodities or services in the United States. It provides guidance on the relative impacts of different types of products, materials, services, and industries with respect to resource use and emissions. Department of State Office of the Procurement Executive http://www.statebuy.gov/green.htm Provides information, links, and resources on buying environmentally safe and recycled products for contracting and program activities worldwide. Environmental Protection Agency Environmentally Preferable Purchasing http://www.epa.gov/oppt/epp/database.htm Provides access to the Environmental Protection Agency's Environmentally Preferable Purchasing Database, as well as the Greening Uncle Sam (GUS) Purchasing Too} Site. Also includes: Legislative References for Environmentally Preferable Products http://www.epa.gov/opptintr/epp/resources.htm] Contains documents and links, compiled by the Environmental Protection Agency, which provide information about environmentally preferable purchasing. Environmental Products Defense Logistics Agency http://www.dscr.~la.mil/products/epa/eppcat.htm Provides access to the Defense Logistics Agency supply catalog of environmental products. King County, Washington, Map of Recycled-Content Buildings http://dnr.metrokc.gov/market/encompass/index.htm Contains examples of recycled content construction projects, and provides access to information and resources regarding sustainable building and recycled materials, recycled-content construction materials, and recycled construction.

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Online Resources 63 National Institute of Standards and Technology Builcling for Environmental and Economic Sustainability http://www.bfrl.nist.gov/oae/bees.html Contains information regarding the Building for Environmental and Economic Sustainability tool. BEES provides a technique for balancing the environmental and economic performance of building products. Developed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology Building and Fire Research Laboratory with support from the U.S. EPA Environmentally Preferable Purchasing Program and the White House- sponsored Partnership for Advancing Technology in Housing, the tool is based on consensus standards and designed to be practical, flexible, anct transparent. Version 2.0 of the Windows-based decision support software, aimed at designers, builders, and product manufacturers, includes actual environmental and economic performance data for 65 building products. BEES measures the environmental performance of building products by using the environmental life-cycle assessment approach specified in ISO 14000 standards. All stages in the life of a product are analyzed: raw material acquisition, manufacture, transportation, installation, use, and recycling and waste management. Economic performance is measured using the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) standard life-cycle cost method, which covers the costs of initial investment, replacement, operation, maintenance and repair, and disposal. Environmental and economic performance are combined into an overall performance measure using the ASTM standard for Multi-Attribute Decision Analysis. For the entire BEES analysis, building products are defined and classified according to the ASTM standard classification for building elements known as UNIFORMAT Il. BEES is being farther developed as a tool to assist the federal procurement community in carrying out Executive Order ~ 3 ~ O ~ . State of Massachusetts Environmentally Preferable Products Procurement Program http://www.magnet.state.ma.us/osd/enviro/ The home page of the Environmentally Preferable Products (EPP) Procurement Program of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. This site provides information about the Commonwealth's efforts to buy EPPs, State contracts for the purchase of recycled products and other EPPs, available guides and reports, upcoming events, and contacts. This web site is provided to address the environmentally preferred products information needs of a number of user groups, including federal environmental purchasing program managers.

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64 Audubon House Sustainable Federal Facilities LESSONS LEARNED http://www.audubon.org/nas/ah/index.htm! Highlights the Audubon House, headquarters of the National Audubon Society, which was renovated ant] designed to be a mode] of the energy-efficient, environmentally responsible workplace. Design for Environment http://www.pnI.gov/doesustainableclesign/ Provides access to the Roadmap for Integrating Sustainable Design into Site-Leve! Operations. This document was prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the Department of Energy. It presents a roadmap for integrating sustainable (resign at U.S. Department of Energy sites. Montana State University EPICenter http://www.montana.edu/epicenter/ Provides information on Montana State University's Green Building Project, the EPICenter, which utilizer! several new sustainable building technologies. Pennsylvania's First Green Building http://www.gggc.state.pa.us/building/scrob.htm} Provides an overview of the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection South-central Regional Office Building, the State of Pennsylvania's first green building. INDEX World Wide Web Virtual Library - Sustainable Development http://www.ulb.ac.be/ceese/meta/sustvI.htm! Provides an extensive list of web-sites that focus on sustainable development, including organizations, projects anal activities, electronic journals, libraries, references and documents, databases, directories and meta-databases maintained by the Center for Economic and Social Studies on the Environment, at Universite Libre de Bruxelles.