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conducting research in the areas of environmental epidemiology, risk assessment, risk perception and communication, and immunization programs.

Bennett A. Shaywitz, M.D., is Professor of Pediatrics and Neurology and Chief of Pediatric Neurology at the Yale University School of Medicine where he is also Co-Director of the Yale Center for the Study of Learning and Attention. He has served on previous IOM committees, including the Committee to Study Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, the Committee on New Research on Vaccines, the Committee to Review the Adverse Consequences of Pertussis and Rubella Vaccines, Committee for a Review of an Epidemiology Study of Neurologic Illness and Vaccination in Children, and the Committee on the Reye Syndrome and Medication. Currently, he leads a research group that is using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate the neural basis of reading and reading disability (dyslexia). Recently, he and his colleagues have used this technology to discover differences in brain organization and function in children and adults with dyslexia, and he has now begun to use fMRI to study how the brain changes as children with dyslexia are taught to read.

Christopher Wilson, M.D., is Professor and Chair of the Department of Immunology at the University of Washington. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Infectious Diseases Society of America, and the American Academy of Pediatrics. He was also a member of the Maternal and Child Health Research Committee of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. His research includes laboratory work on the elucidation of the molecular mechanisms by which functional differences between naïve and memory/effector T-cells are imposed, thereby allowing them to exhibit fixed and heritable patterns of effector functions. In addition, his work includes addressing mechanisms governing the development of immunity following primary function, in particular with the intracellular pathogens M. tuberculosis, Listeria monocytogenes, and herpes simplex virus. Dr. Wilson received his M.D. from the University of California, Los Angeles.

Board on Health Promotion Disease Prevention Liaison

Richard Johnston Jr., M.D., is currently Professor of Pediatrics at the National Jewish Medical and Research Center at the University of Colorado School of Medicine. He was formerly the Medical Director of the March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation, and Chief of the Section of Immunology in the Department of Pediatrics at Yale University School of Medicine. Among his previous appointments are the position of Chairman of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania. He is a member of the Association of American Physicians and the Institute



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