exchange of genetic material between two chromosomes is referred to as reciprocal translocation.


—Any external influence capable of stimulating an increased growth or proliferation of abnormal cells, to form a tumor.


—The total effective energy released in a nuclear (or atomic) explosion. It is usually expressed in terms of the equivalent tonnage of TNT required to produce the same energy release in an explosion. The total energy yield is manifested as nuclear radiation, thermal radiation, and shock (blast) energy, the actual distribution being dependent upon the medium in which the explosion occurs.

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