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TABLE ES.1 Future Naval Force Capabilities for Handling Cruise and Ballistic Missile Threats



Antiship cruise missile (ASCM)

Multifunction radar (MFR) Ship self-defense system (SSDS) Evolved sea sparrow missile (ESSM) SPY-1D(V) radar

Overland cruise missile (OCM)

E-2C Radar Modernization Program/AMTI radar with ADS-18 antenna (funding uncertain) Complementary low altitude weapon system (CLAWS)

Ballistic missile

Navy area defense (NAD) system Navy theater wide (NTW) system

of which may be an increase in the land-based threat to the forces engaged in such operations.

Both theater ballistic missile defense (TBMD) and cruise missile defense (CMD; including antiship cruise missile defense (ASCMD) and overland cruise missile defense (OCMD)) are important emerging military capabilities that are inherently necessary if naval forces are to execute missions in littoral areas. Today, there are large numbers and varieties of cruise and ballistic missiles in the operational inventories of many potential future adversaries of the United States.

Although high-performance ballistic missiles exist and could become available to potential future adversaries, most of the ballistic missiles that are currently available to such adversaries are of rather unsophisticated design. Many have limited accuracy of delivery and are ineffective for hitting tactical targets. As currently configured, many are nonseparating, single-stage rockets that are less stressing to defense systems than are multistage missiles. Many others are not able to deploy penetration aids. In a military sense, these threats will have limited tactical value unless they carry nuclear, chemical, and/or biological warheads. However, even as currently configured, they pose a serious threat to deployed forces and assets, as well as to the political stability of neighboring or allied countries.

Future naval force capabilities for handling cruise and ballistic missile threats are shown in Table ES.1. Based on its assessment of these future capabilities and the evolving threat, the committee's conclusions can be summarized as follows:

  • ASCMD, OCMD, and TBMD are essential for littoral operations. The threats to naval (and joint) forces operating in littoral areas stress the capabilities

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