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COLLOQUIUM ON Auditory Neuroscience: Development, Transduction, and Integration NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES WASHINGTON, D.C.

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NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES Colloquium Series In 1991, the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) inaugurated a series of scientific colloquia, several of which are held each year under the auspices of the NAS Council's Committee on Scientific Programs. Each colloquium ad- dresses a scientific topic of broad and topical interest, cutting across two or moretraditional disciplines.Typicallytwodays long, colloquia are international in scope and bring together leading scientists in the field. Papers from colloquia are published in the Proceedings of the National Aca c/e my of Sciences (PNAS).

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Ace OWED pa Papers from future colloquia will be available for purchase after they appear in PNAS. Shipping and Handling Charges: In the U.S. and Canada please add $4.50 for the first reprint ordered and $0.95 for each additional reprint. Ordering Information: Telephone orders will be accepted only when charged to VISA, MasterCard, or American Express accounts. To orcter, call tolt-free `1-800-624-6242 or order online at www.nap.ectu and receive a 20% cliscount. NationalAcadlemy of Sciences Colloquia Bouncl Reprints Available n 1991, the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) inaugurated a series of scientific colloquia, several of which are held each year under the auspices of the NAS Council Committee on Scientific Programs. These colloquia address scientific topics of broad and topical interest that cut across two or more traditional disciplines. Typically two days long, these colloquia are international in scope and bring together leading scientists in the field. Papers presented at these colloquia are published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) and are available online ( Because they have generated much interest, these papers are now available in the form of collected bound reprints, which may be ordered through the National Academy Press. Currently available are: Carbon Dioxide and Climate Change ($11) Held November 13-15, 1995 (Irvine, CA) Computational Biomolecular Science ($16) Held September 12-13, 1997 (Irvine, CA) Earthquake Prediction ($16) Held February 10-11, 1995 (Irvine, CAJ Elliptic Curves and Modular Forms ($7) Held March 15-17, 1996 (Washington, DC) Genetic Engineering of Viruses and Viral Vectors ($21) Held June 9-11, 1996 (Irvine, CAQ Genetics and the Origin of Species ($8) Held January 31-February 1, 1997 (Irving CA) Geology, Mineralogy, and Human Welfare ($11) Held November 8-9, 1998 (Irvine, CA) Neurobiology of Pain ($8) Held December 11-13, 1998 (Irvine, CA) Neuroimaging of Human Brain Function ($17) Held May 29-31, 1997 (Irvine, CA) Plants and Population: Is There Time? ($8) Held December 5-6, 1998 (Irvine, CA) Protecting Our Food Supply: The Value of Plant Genome Initiatives ($13) Held May 29-31, 1997 (Irvine, CA) Proteolytic Processing and Physiological Regulation ($11) Held February 20-21, 1999 (Irvine, CA) Science, Technology, and the Economy ($12) Held November 2~22, 1995 (Irvine, CAL The Age of the Universe, Dark Matter, and Structure Formation ($13) Held March 21-23, 1997 (I - ine, CA)

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Graeme Yates 1 944-2000 Graeme Yates, an Australian auditory physiologist and internationally recognized expert on cochlear function, died on October 13 after a courageous struggle with a long illness. Graeme had been invited to speak in the NAS Colloquium on Auditory Neuroscience: Development, Transduc- tion, andintegration, but was too sick to attend. His penetrating insights into both mammalian and non-mammalian cochlear function were sorely missed. Graeme was at the height of his power as a scientist and was planning new studies of cochlear mechanics and neurophysiology until only days before his death. Over 25 years of publications attest to his major contributions to our current understanding of cochlear mechanics and adherent neural output, to the analysis of otoacoustic emissions, and to descriptions of two-tone interactions and adaptation. Graeme made multifaceted contributions to the many research teams of which he was part, investigating the hearing of mammals, reptiles, and birds, designing hardware, writing software, and providing fundamental theoretical contributions to data interpretation. All those who have had the privilege of working with Graeme Yates cherish their memories of this civilized man and passionate scientist. His death is a tragedy for auditory physiology, and his loss will be felt acutely by his friends and colleagues.

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PNAS Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America Contents COLLOQUIUM Papers from the National Academy of Sciences Colloquium on Auditory Neuroscience: Development, Transduction, and Integration INTRODUCTION 11690 Auditory neuroscience: Development, transduction, and integration A. J. Hudspeth and Masakazu Konishi COLLOQUIUM PAPERS 11692 Notch signaling in the development of the inner ear: 11780 Lessons from Drosophila Mark Eddison, Isabelle Le Roux, and Julian Lewis 11700 Molecular genetics of pattern formation in the inner ear: Do compartment boundaries play a role? John V. Brigande, Amy E. Kiernan, Xiaoying Gao, Laurie E. Iten, and Donna M. Fekete 11707 Patterning of the mammalian cochlea Raquel Cantos, Laura K. Cole, Dario Acampora, Antonio Simeone, and Doris K. Wu 11714 Cellular studies of auditory hair cell regeneration in birds Jennifer S. Stone and Edwin W Rubel 11722 Hair cell recovery in mitotically blocked cultures of the bullfrog saccule Richard A. Baird, Miriam D. Burton, David S. Fashena, and Rebecca A. Naeger 11730 Two mechanisms for transducer adaptation in vertebrate hair cells Jeffrey R. Holt and David P. Corey 11736 Cochlear mechanisms from a phylogenetic viewpoint Geoffrey A. Manley 11759 Molecular mechanisms of sound amplification in the mammalian cochlea Jonathan F. Ashmore, Gwenaelle S. G. Geleoc, and Lene Harbott 11765 Putting ion channels to work: Mechanoelectrical transduction, adaptation, and amplification by hair cells A. J. Hudspeth, Y. Choe, A. D. Mehta, and P. Martin 11773 Detection of synchrony in the activity of auditory nerve fibers by octopus cells of the mammalian cochlear nucleus Donata Oertel, Ramazan Bal, Stephanie M. Gardner, Philip H. Smith, and Philip X. Joris Linear and nonlinear pathways of spectral information transmission in the cochlear nucleus Jane J. Yu and Eric D. Young 11787 Cellular mechanisms for resolving phase ambiguity in the owl's inferior colliculus Jose Luis Pena and Masakazu Konishi 11793 Subdivisions of auditory cortex and processing streams in primates Jon H. Kaas and Troy A. Hackett 11800 Mechanisms and streams for processing of "what" and "where" in auditory cortex Josef P. Rauschecker and Biao Tian 11807 The corticofugal system for hearing: Recent progress Nobuo Suga, Enquan Gao, Yunfeng Zhang, Xiaofeng Ma, and John F. Olsen 11815 Traces of learning in the auditory localization pathway Eric I. Knudsen, Weimin Zheng, and William M. DeBello 11821 11744 Mechanical bases of frequency tuning and neural excitation at the base of the cochlea: Comparison of basilar-membrane vibrations and auditory- nerve-fiber responses in chinchilla Mario A. Ruggero, S. Shyamla Narayan, Andrei N. Temchin, 1 1843 and Alberto Recio 11751 The spatial and temporal representation of a tone on the guinea pig basilar membrane K. E. Nilsen and I. J. Russell Plasticity in the neural coding of auditory space in the mammalian brain Andrew J. King, Carl H. Parsons, and David R. Moore 11829 Spatial processing in the auditory cortex of the macaque monkey Gregg H. Recanzone 11836 Song selectivity and sensorimotor signals in vocal learning and production Michele M. Solis, Michael S. Brainard, Neal A. Hessler, and Allison J. Doupe On cortical coding of vocal communication sounds in primates Xiaoqin Wang 11850 A new view of language acquisition Patricia K. Kuhl