perial College of Health Sciences, Pahlavi Medical Center, Tehran, Iran; Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand; and Institut fur Virologie and Immunobiologie, Wurzburg, Germany. Dr. Johnson has served previously on IOM committees, research panels, and review committees.

WILLIAM E. BUNNEY, M.D., is Distinguished Professor and Chair of the Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior at University of California, Irvine. Dr. Bunney is a member of the Institute of Medicine and is a member of this committee. He serves on the National Scientific Advisory Board of the National Alliance of Research in Schizophrenia and Depression (NARSAD), and the National Depressive and Manic-Depressive Association, and previously served on the extramural scientific advisory board at the National Institute for Mental Health. His major research interests involve clinical psychobiological studies of manic depressive illness, schizophrenia, and childhood mental illness. These include behavioral studies of the efficacy and mode of action of psycho-pharmacological agents, brain imaging studies, and investigation of brain circuitry abnormality which may be related to the major psychosis period. Dr. Bunney is the author of more than 360 scientific publications and the editor of seven books.

MARCELO CRUZ, M.D., is Professor of Neurology, Neurosciences Institute, Central University of Ecuador. He is a member of this committee. He has published on neuroepidemiology, epilepsy, parasitic diseases, and neurodevelopmental disabilities. His current research examines cerebral cysticercosis as the cause of epilepsy, hydrocephalus, and dementia, as well as the clinical description, the distribution, and means of prevention and control of this parasitic infection. Dr. Cruz is the former Minister of Public Health of Ecuador, and a World Bank consultant for health reform. He currently serves as president of the Ecuadorean Academy of Neurosciences, and is an Honorary Member of the American Academy of Neurology. He also belongs to the Latin American Society of Pediatric Neurology, the Pan American Society of Neuroepidemiology, and the Francophone Network on Research of the Nervous System.

MAUREEN DURKIN, PH.D., DR.P.H., is Associate Professor of Public Health (Epidemiology) at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health and Sergievsky Center, and Research Scientist at the New York State Psychiatric Institute 's Epidemiology of Brain Disorders Unit. She is a member of the committee. Dr. Durkin has developed methodology for and directed comparative studies of the prevalence and causes of neurodevelopmental disabilities in developing countries. Her current research pertains to international policies relevant to public health and developmental disabilities, the epidemiology and prevention of pediatric neurotrauma, and long-term outcomes of premature birth. She has published widely on these topics, presented at national and inter-



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