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Neurological, Psychiatric, and Developmental Disorders: Meeting the Challenge in the Developing World Acronyms 5-HT 5-Hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) ACE Angiotensen-Converting Enzyme ADL Activities of Daily Living AED Anti-Epileptic Drug AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome APA American Psychological Association BDI Beck Depression Inventory CARMEN Set of actions for the multifactorial reduction of noncommunicable diseases (Conjuncto de Acciones para la Reducion Multifactorial de las Enfermedades No Transmisibles) CBR Community-Based Rehabilitation CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CEDC Children in Especially Difficult Circumstances CEU Clinical Epidemiology Unit CINDI Countrywide Integrated Noncommunicable Diseases Intervention Program CIS-R Clinical Interview Schedule-Revised CMD Common Mental Disorders CMV Cytomegalovirus CNS Central Nervous System CP Cerebral Palsy CT Computerized Tomography CVT Cerebral Venous Thrombosis
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Neurological, Psychiatric, and Developmental Disorders: Meeting the Challenge in the Developing World CWD Children with Disability DALYs Disability-Adjusted Life Years DIS Diagnostic Interview Schedule DNA Deoxyribonucleic Acid DSM-IV Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (Fourth Edition) DZ Dizygote ECA Epidemiological Catchment Area ECASS European Cooperative Acute Stroke Study ECLAMC Latin American Collaborative Study of Congenital Malformations ECT Electro-Convulsive Therapy EEG Electroencephalogram EITB Enzyme-Linked Immunoelectro-Transfer Blot ERR Event-Related Potentials ESAP Economic Structural Adjustment Programs FAS Fetal Alcohol Syndrome GABA Gamma-Aminobutryic Acid GBD Global Burden of Disease GCAE Global Campaign Against Epilepsy GDP Gross Domestic Product GP General Practitioner GTCS Generalized Tonic-Clonic Seizures HEA Health Education Authority (U.K.) HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus HPA Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal HSR Health Systems Research IBE International Bureau for Epilepsy ICD-10 International Statistical Classification of Disease (Tenth Revision) ICIDH International Classification of Impairments, Disabilities and Handicaps ICMR Indian Council of Medical Research ILAE International League Against Epilepsy ILO International Labor Organization IMF International Monetary Fund INCLEN International Clinical Epidemiology Network IOM Institute of Medicine IQ Intelligence Quotient IPSS International Pilot Study of Schizophrenia LBW Low Birth Weight LDL Low-Density Lipoprotein MAOI Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitor MMSE Mini-Mental State Examination MONICA Multinational Monitoring of Trends and Determinants in Cardiovascular Disease
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Neurological, Psychiatric, and Developmental Disorders: Meeting the Challenge in the Developing World MR Mental Retardation MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging MRS Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy MZ Monozygote NCC Neurocysticercosis NCS National Co-Morbidity Survey NGO Nongovernmental Organization NICHD National Institute of Child Health and Human Development NIH National Institutes of Health (U.S.) NIMH National Institute of Mental Health (U.S.) NIMHANS National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (India) NMHP National Mental Health Programme of India NOMASS Northern Manhattan Stroke Study OMAR Operations Monitoring and Analysis of Results OPV Oral Polio Vaccine PAHO Pan-American Health Organization PAS Periodic-Acid Schiff PCB Polychlorinated Biphenyl PET Positron Emission Tomography PHC Primary Health Care PHCW Primary Health Care Worker PKU Phenylketonuria PND Postnatal Depression PRC People's Republic of China PRDP Population Rate Difference Percentage PSE Present State Examination PTSD Posttraumatic Stress Disorder QALY Quality-Adjusted Life Years RCS Research Capability Strengthening RITM Research Institute for Tropical Medicine RTPA Recombinant Tissue Plasminogen Activator SAARC South Asian Assistance for Regional Cooperation SBK Shishu Bikash Kendro SCAN Schedules for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry SMR Standard Mortality Ratio SPECT Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography SPI Study of Perioperative Ischemia SSRI Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor TCA Tricyclic Antidepressants TDR The Special Program for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases TIA Transient Ischemic Attack TQ Ten-Question Method
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Neurological, Psychiatric, and Developmental Disorders: Meeting the Challenge in the Developing World TSH Thyroid Stimulating Hormone UK United Kingdom UN United Nations UNDP United Nations Development Program UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization UNHCR United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees UNICEF United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund USAID United States Agency for International Development USD United States Dollar WHO World Health Organization YLD Years Lived with Disability YLL Years of Life Lost ZPHCA Zimbabwe Parents of Handicapped Children Association
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