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nonstrategic warheads from operational status. Some of these unilateral measures could be monitored with our NTM assets in space and elsewhere. However, since many actions could not be monitored, there will always be uncertainty about the implementation of unilateral reductions. As stated above, these measures have been successful, and they can be enhanced with confidence building measures. Unilateral measures also provide for increased flexibility. This may be desirable in permitting military planners to respond to changing situations, but the potential for unilateral reversal can also lead to uncertainty about a nation’s intentions or commitment to a course of action.

Task 6

When and in what way other states in addition to the United States and Russia might be expected to participate in the process.

The Committee is in the preliminary stages of addressing this task. In doing so, CISAC will draw upon its longstanding program of private, off-the-record dialogues with groups of counterparts from China, Russia, and India 11 . The Russian dialogue just celebrated its 20th anniversary; the China dialogue has been active for over 10 years; and the India dialogue, CISAC’s newest, will be holding its third meeting this year. The members of the counterpart groups include distinguished current and former government officials and military officers, scientists and engineers with important roles in nuclear weapons matters, and policy analysts with close connections to decision makers. Meetings are scheduled with each of these groups between March and June 2001 and issues related to the creation of a comprehensive arms reduction regime, as they may affect each nation, are on the agenda of each meeting. After each meeting, CISAC will prepare an extensive written summary of the discussions, which it will distribute to DOE and other U.S. government agencies.

Task 7

Whether the responsibility for implementation of some elements of the regime, such as verifying fissile material production of stockpiles, should be given to an international agency.

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In addition, the Committee has been supplemented by participation in the annual Amaldi Conferences on international security of European academies of science and science societies and with CISAC members ’ informal meetings with representatives from countries of concern, such as Pakistan.



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