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Biology, physics in, 3-4, 38, 45-51
Biomechanics, 46, 48
Biomedical sciences, 107-115 diagnosis, 108-113 therapy, 107-108 understanding the body, 113-115
Biomedical technologies, 123
Biophysics, 10
Biotechnology, 13
Black holes, 13, 67-68 dynamics of, 64 evaporation of, 84 horizon of, 67
Bose-Einstein condensates (BEC), 20 gaseous, 25-27
Brookhaven National Laboratory, 45

C

Calcium ions, 49
Cancer therapy, radiation transport advances in, 3
CAT scans, 13, 74
CERN, 132
Channel biophysics, 50
Charge carriers, 137
Charges, 76
Chemical dynamics, 74
Chemical weapons of mass destruction, 123
Chemistry. See also Biochemical networks quantum-controlled, 3
Chromophors, 48
Climate and weather modeling, 124
Climate systems, 117 global, 123
Clusters of galaxies, 61
CMR. See Colossal magnetoresistance
Coastal upwellings, 51-52, 54
COBE detector, 60
Collaboration, international, 164-165
Colliders. See Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider
Colloids, 40-41
Colossal magnetoresistance (CMR), 146
Communications, 127 electronics for, 122 fiber-optic, 138-144, 152
Complex systems, 3-4, 37-54 Earth and its surroundings, 51-54 high-energy-density systems, 43-45 nonequilibrium behavior of matter, 38-41 physics in biology, 3-4, 45-51 turbulence in fluids, plasmas, and gases, 41-43 understanding, 154
Compound semiconductor structures, 142
Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, 123
Computation, quantum, 3, 10, 12, 27
Computational physics, 137
Computational sciences, 123, 127
Computerized tomography, 110
Condensed-matter physicists, 12
Condensed-matter physics, 9, 19 many-body challenges in, 3
Continental crust flows, 52
Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility, 12
Cooperative research and development agreements (CRADAs), 169
Cosmic jets, 13
Cosmic microwave background, 152
Cosmic rays, ultrahigh-energy, 63
Cosmogenic nuclei, 119
Cosmological constant, 62
Cosmology, 45, 57, 61-64, 155
Council for Undergraduate Research, 101
CP symmetry, 76-78
Crack propagation, 39-40
CRADAs. See Cooperative research and development agreements
Cryptography, 122 quantum, 3, 34-35
Crystallography, x-ray, 46, 159
Cuprates, 29
Cyclotrons, 13, 73

D

Dark energy, 4, 155
Dark mass-energy, 62
Dark matter, 4, 59-60, 155
DARPA. See Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
Databases, experimental and bibliographic, 171-172
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), 129-130
Dense WDM (DWDM), 139
Density limit, areal, 143
Department of Defense (DOD), 122, 127-130


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