NOTES

1.  

American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1993; National Research Council, 1996.

2.  

Carey, 2000.

3.  

National Research Council, 1996.

4.  

American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1993.

5.  

Brosnan, 1990.

6.  

Driver et al., 1985.

7.  

Schneps and Sadler, 1987.

8.  

Benchmarks Online Available: http://www.project2061.org/tools/benchol/bolintro.htm [October 2004].

9.  

Kitchener, 1983; Perry, 1970.

10.  

Kitchener, 1983; Kitchener and King, 1981.

11.  

Clement, 1993; Driver et al., 1985; Pfundt and Duit, 1991.

12.  

Carey, 2000; Hanson, 1970; National Research Council, 2000.

13.  

American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1993.

14.  

Carey et al., 1989; Schauble et al., 1991; Solomon, 1992.

15.  

Wollman, 1997a, 1997b; Wollman and Lawson, 1977.

16.  

Schauble, 1990, p. 2.

17.  

Grosslight et al., 1991.

18.  

Kuhn et al., 1988.

19.  

Jungwirth, 1987; Jungwirth and Dreyfus, 1990, 1992.

20.  

Jungwirth, 1987; Jungwirth and Dreyfus, 1992.

21.  

Feynman, 1995.

22.  

Hunt and Minstrell, 1994.

23.  

Brook et al., 1983.

24.  

Biswas et al., 2002; Palincsar and Brown, 1984.

25.  

Petrosino et al., 2003.

26.  

American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1993.

27.  

Medawar, 1982.

28.  

Moore, 1972, Chapter 4.

29.  

Kuhn, 1989.

30.  

Lin and Lehman, 1999.

31.  

Bransford, 2003.

32.  

Bruner, 1960.

33.  

Whitehead, 1929.

34.  

White and Frederiksen, 1998.

35.  

White and Frederiksen, 2000, p. 2.

REFERENCES

American Association for the Advancement of Science. (1993). Benchmarks for science literacy. New York: Oxford University Press.



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