Appendix C
Mandatory Reporting Laws for Family Violence



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Confronting Chronic Neglect: The Education and Training of Health Professionals on Family Violence Appendix C Mandatory Reporting Laws for Family Violence

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Confronting Chronic Neglect: The Education and Training of Health Professionals on Family Violence Child Abuse and Neglect   Who Must Report?   Dentist Doctor Mental Health Nurse Social Worker Standard for Reporting? Alabama Ala. Code § 26-14-3 (2000) Y Y Y Y Y Knowledge or suspicion Alaska Alaska Stat. § 47.17.020 (Michie 2000) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to suspect Arizona Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-3620 (2000) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable grounds to believe Arkansas Ark. Code Ann. § 12-12-507 (Michie 1999) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to suspect California Cal. [Penal] Code § 11166 (West 2000) Y Y Y Y Y Knowledge or reasonable suspicion Colorado Colo. Rev. Stat. § 19-3-304 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to know or suspect Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. §§ 17a-101 to -101b (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to suspect or believe Delaware Del. Code Ann. tit. 16, §§ 903-904 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Knowledge or good faith suspicion District of Columbia D.C. Code Ann. § 2-1352 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Knowledge or reasonable cause to suspect Florida Fla. Stat. ch. 39.201 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Knowledge or reasonable cause to suspect Georgia Ga. Code Ann. § 19-7-5 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to believe

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Confronting Chronic Neglect: The Education and Training of Health Professionals on Family Violence Report What? Report to Whom? Report How? Child abuse or neglect Law enforcement or Department of Human Resources Oral and written Harm as a result of child abuse or neglect Department of Health and Social Services Not specified Injury, commercial sexual exploitation of a minor, sexual exploitation of a minor, incest, child prostitution, death, abuse, or nonaccidental physical neglect Law enforcement or Child Protective Services Oral and written Child maltreatment or conditions that will reasonably result in child maltreatment Child abuse hotline Oral Child abuse Child protective agency Oral and written Child abuse or neglect County Department of Human Services or law enforcement Not specified Abuse, nonaccidental physical injury, or neglect Commissioner of Children and Families or law enforcement agency Oral Child abuse or neglect Division of Child Protective Services of Department of Services for Children, Youth, and Their Families Oral and written (if requested) Immediate danger of physical or mental abuse or neglect Law enforcement or Child Protective Services Not specified Abuse, abandonment, or neglect Department of Children and Family Services Oral Abuse Child welfare agency designated by the Department of Human Resources or law enforcement Oral and written (if requested)

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Confronting Chronic Neglect: The Education and Training of Health Professionals on Family Violence Child Abuse and Neglect   Who Must Report?   Dentist Doctor Mental Health Nurse Social Worker Standard for Reporting? Hawaii Haw. Rev. Stat. § 350-1.1 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Reason to believe Idaho Idaho Code § 16-1619 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Reason to believe Illinois 325 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/4 (West 2000) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to believe Indiana Ind. Code §§ 31-33-5-1 to -2, -4 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Reason to believe Iowa Iowa Code § 232.69 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable belief Kansas Kan. Stat. Ann. § 38-1522 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Reason to suspect Kentucky Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 620.030 (Michie 1998) Y Y Y Y Y Knows or has reasonable cause to believe Louisiana La. Civ. Stat. Ann. Art. 603, 609-610 (West 2000) Y Y Y Y Y Cause to believe Maine Me. Rev. stat. Ann. Tit. 22 § 4011 (West 1999) Y Y Y Y Y Knowledge or reasonable cause to suspect Maryland Md. Code Ann., [Fam. Law] § 5-704 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Reason to believe

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Confronting Chronic Neglect: The Education and Training of Health Professionals on Family Violence Report What? Report to Whom? Report How? Child abuse or neglect or substantial risk of above in reasonably foreseeable future Department of Human Services and law enforcement Oral and written Abuse, abandonment, or neglect or conditions that would reasonably result in any of above Law enforcement or Department of Health and Welfare Not specified Abuse or neglect Department of Children and Family Services Not specified Abuse or neglect Child protective services or law enforcement Oral Child abuse Department of Human Services Oral and written Injury resulting from physical, mental, or emotional abuse, neglect, or sexual abuse Department of Social and Rehabilitation Services Oral and written (if requested) Dependency, neglect, or abuse Law enforcement, Cabinet for Families and Children, or county attorney Oral or written Endangerment of child’s physical or mental health or welfare due to neglect or abuse Child Protection Unit of Department of Social Services Written Child likely to be or has been abused or neglected Department of Human Services Not specified Abuse or neglect Department of Social Services or law enforcement Oral and written

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Confronting Chronic Neglect: The Education and Training of Health Professionals on Family Violence Child Abuse and Neglect   Who Must Report?   Dentist Doctor Mental Health Nurse Social Worker Standard for Reporting? Massachusetts Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 119, § 51A (2000) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to believe Michigan Mich. Comp. Laws § 722.623 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to suspect Minnesota Minn. Stat. § 626.556 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Knows or has reason to believe Mississippi Miss. Code Ann. § 43-21-353 (2000) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to suspect Missouri Mo. Rev. Stat. § 210.115 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to suspect Montana Mont. Code Ann. § 41-3-201 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Knows or has reasonable cause to suspect Nebraska Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-711 (2000) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to believe Nevada Nev. Rev. Stat. § 432B.220 (2000) Y Y Y Y Y Knowledge or reasonable cause to believe New Hampshire N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 169-C:29 to -C:30 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Reason to suspect New Jersey N.J. Stat. Ann. § 9:6-8.10 (West 2000) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to believe

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Confronting Chronic Neglect: The Education and Training of Health Professionals on Family Violence Report What? Report to Whom? Report How? Physical or emotional injury resulting from abuse which causes harm or substantial risk of harm to child’s health or welfare; Juvenile Court Oral and written Abuse or neglect Department of Social Services Oral and written Neglect, or physical or sexual abuse, currently or within past three years Welfare agency or law enforcement Not specified Neglect or abuse Department of Human Services Oral and written Child has been or may be subjected to abuse or neglect or is being subjected to conditions that would reasonably result in abuse or neglect Division of Family Services Not specified Abuse or neglect Department of Public Health and Human Services Not specified Abuse or neglect or conditions that reasonably would result in abuse or neglect Law enforcement or Department of Health and Human Services Oral and written Abuse or neglect Law enforcement or protective services Not specified Abuse or neglect Department of Health and Human Services Oral and written (if requested) Abuse Division of Youth and Family Services Oral or written

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Confronting Chronic Neglect: The Education and Training of Health Professionals on Family Violence Child Abuse and Neglect   Who Must Report?   Dentist Doctor Mental Health Nurse Social Worker Standard for Reporting? New Mexico N.M. Stat. Ann. § 32A-4-3 (Michie 2000) Y Y Y Y Y Knowledge or reasonable suspicion New York N.Y. [Soc. Serv.] Law § 413 (McKinney1999) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to suspect North Carolina N.C. Gen. Stat. § 7B-301 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Cause to suspect North Dakota N.D. Cent. Code § 50-25.1-03 (2000) Y Y Y Y Y Knowledge or reasonable cause to suspect Ohio Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 2151.421 (Anderson 1999) Y Y Y Y Y Knowledge or suspicion Oklahoma Okla. Stat. tit. 10, § 7103 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Reason to believe Oregon Or. Rev. Stat. §§ 419B.005, .010-.015 (1997) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to believe Pennsylvania 23 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 6311 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to suspect Rhode Island R.I. Gen. Laws § 40-11-3 (2000) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to know or suspect

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Confronting Chronic Neglect: The Education and Training of Health Professionals on Family Violence Report What? Report to Whom? Report How? Abuse or neglect Law enforcement or Department of Children, Youth, and Families or tribal law enforcement (if child resides in Indian country) Not specified Abuse or maltreatment Central register of child abuse and maltreatment Oral and written Abuse, neglect, dependency, or death resulting from maltreatment Department of Social Services Oral or written Abuse, neglect, or death resulting from abuse or neglect Department of Human Services Not specified Suffers or faces threat of suffering abuse, neglect, physical or mental wound, injury or disability that reasonably indicates abuse or neglect Public Children Services Agency or law enforcement Oral and written (if requested) Abuse or neglect Department of Human Services Oral or written Abuse Office for Services to Children and Families or law enforcement Oral Abuse Department or appropriate county agency Oral and written Abuse, neglect, or sexual abuse perpetrated by another child Department for Children and Their Families Oral

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Confronting Chronic Neglect: The Education and Training of Health Professionals on Family Violence Child Abuse and Neglect   Who Must Report?   Dentist Doctor Mental Health Nurse Social Worker Standard for Reporting? South Carolina S.C. Code Ann. § 20-7-510 (Law. Co-op. 1999) Y Y Y Y Y Reason to believe South Dakota S.D. Codified Laws §§ 26-8A-3, -6 (Michie 2000) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to suspect Tennessee Tenn. Code Ann. § 37-1-403 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Knowledge or reasonable indication or reasonable appearance Texas Tex. [Fam.] Code Ann. §§ 261.101-.103 (West 2000) Y Y Y Y Y Cause to believe Utah Utah Code Ann. § 62A-4a-403 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Observes or has reason to believe Vermont Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 33, §§ 4913-4914 (2000) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to belive Virginia Va. Code Ann. § 63.1-248.3 (Michie 1999) Y Y Y Y Y Reason to suspect Washington Wash. Rev. Code § 26.44.030 (2000) Y Y Y Y Y Observation or reasonable cause to believe West Virginia W. Va. Code § 49-6A-2 (2000) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to suspect

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Confronting Chronic Neglect: The Education and Training of Health Professionals on Family Violence Report What? Report to Whom? Report How? Physical or mental health or welfare has been or may be adversely affected by abuse or neglect Department of Social Services or law enforcement Oral Abuse or neglect State’s attorney, Department of Social Services, or law enforcement Oral Wound, injury, disability, physical or mental condition caused by brutality, abuse, or neglect Juvenile court judge, Department of Children’s Services, or law enforcement Oral or written Physical or mental health or welfare adversely affected by abuse or neglect Law enforcement or Department of Protective and Regulatory Services Not specified Incest, molestation, sexual exploitation, sexual abuse, physical abuse, neglect; or circumstances reasonably resulting in any of above Law enforcement or Division of Child and Family Services Not specified Abuse or neglect Commissioner of Social and Rehabilitation Services Oral and written Abuse or neglect Department of Social Services Oral Abuse or neglect or conditions likely to result in abuse or neglect Law enforcement or Department of Social and Health Services Not specified Neglect or abuse, or conditions likely to result in neglect or abuse State Department of Human Services and Division of Public Safety and law enforcement (if serious) Not specified

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Confronting Chronic Neglect: The Education and Training of Health Professionals on Family Violence Elder Abuse and Neglect   Who Must Report?   Dentist Doctor Mental Health Nurse Social Worker Standard for Reporting? Alabama Ala. Code § 38-9-8 (2000) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to believe Alaska Alaska Stat. § 47.24.010 (Michie 2000) N Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to believe Arizona Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 46-454 (2000) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable basis to believe Arkansas Ark. Code Ann. § 5-28-203 (Michie 1999) Y Y Y Y Y Observation or reasonable cause to suspect California Cal. [Welf. & Inst.] Code § 15630 (West 2000) N Y Y Y Y Observation or knowledge of or reasonably suspects Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 17b-451 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to suspect or believe Delaware Del. Code Ann. tit. 31, § 3910 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to believe District of Columbia D.C. Code Ann. § 6-2503 (1999) Y Y N Y Y Substantial cause to believe Florida Fla. Stat. ch. 415.1034 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Knowledge of or reasonable cause to suspect Georgia Ga. Code Ann. § 30-5-4 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to believe Hawaii Haw. Rev. Stat. § 346-224 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Knowledge or reason to believe

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Confronting Chronic Neglect: The Education and Training of Health Professionals on Family Violence Report What? Report to Whom? Report How? Physical abuse, neglect, exploitation, sexual abuse, or emotional abuse County Department of Human Resources or law enforcement Oral and written Abandonment, exploitation, abuse, neglect, or self-neglect Department of Health and Human Services’ Central Information and Referral Service Not specified Abuse, neglect, or exploitation of property Law enforcement or protective services worker Oral and written Abuse, sexual abuse, neglect, or exploitation Central registry or law enforcement Not specified Abuse, abandonment, isolation or financial abuse or neglect Adult protective services agency or law enforcement Oral and written Abuse, neglect, exploitation, or abandonment Commissioner of Social Services Not specified In need of protective services Department of Health and Social Services Not specified In need of protective services due to abuse or neglect Department of Human Services Oral or written Abuse, neglect, or exploitation Central abuse registry Oral Physical injury inflicted by nonaccidental means, neglect, or exploitation Adult protection agency, law enforcement, or district attorney Oral or written Abuse and threat of imminent abuse Department of Human Services Oral and written

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Confronting Chronic Neglect: The Education and Training of Health Professionals on Family Violence Elder Abuse and Neglect   Who Must Report?   Dentist Doctor Mental Health Nurse Social Worker Standard for Reporting? Idaho Idaho Code § 39-5303 (1999) Y Y Y N Y Reasonable cause to believe Illinois 320 Ill. Comp. Stat. 20/2, 20/4 (West 2000) Y Y Y Y Y Reason to believe Indiana Ind. Code § 12-10-3-9 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Belief or reason to believe Iowa Iowa Code § 235B.3 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Suspicion Kansas Kan. Stat. Ann. § 39-1431 (1999) N Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to believe Kentucky Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 209.030 (Michie 1998) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to suspect Louisiana La. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 14/403/2 (West 2000) Y Y Y Y Y Cause to believe Maine Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 22, § 3477 (West 1999) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to suspect Maryland Md. Code Ann., [Fam. Law] § 14-302 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Reason to believe Massachusetts Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 19A, § 15 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to believe Michigan Mich. Comp. Laws § 400.11a (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Suspicion or reasonable cause to believe

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Confronting Chronic Neglect: The Education and Training of Health Professionals on Family Violence Report What? Report to Whom? Report How? Abuse, neglect, or exploitation Commission on Aging Not specified Abuse, neglect, or financial exploitation, within past 12 months Department on Aging Not specified Endangered adult Adult protective services or law enforcement or statewide telephone number Not specified Abuse Department of Human Services Not specified Abuse, neglect, exploitation, or in need of protective services Department of Social and Rehabilitation Services Not specified Abuse, neglect, or exploitation Cabinet for Families and Children Oral or written Adverse effect on physical or mental health or welfare by abuse, neglect, or exploitation Adult protection agency or law enforcement agency Not specified Abuse, neglect, or exploitation, accompanied by incapacitation Department of Human Services Oral and written Abuse, neglect, self-neglect, or exploitation Department of Social Services Oral or written Suffering from or death caused by abuse Executive Office of Elder Affairs Oral and written Abuse, neglect, or exploitation Department of Social Services Oral

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Confronting Chronic Neglect: The Education and Training of Health Professionals on Family Violence Elder Abuse and Neglect   Who Must Report?   Dentist Doctor Mental Health Nurse Social Worker Standard for Reporting? Minnesota Minn. Stat. §§ 626.556, .557 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Reason to believe Mississippi Miss. Code Ann. § 43-47-7 (2000) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to believe Missouri Mo. Rev. Stat. § 660.255 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to suspect Montana Mont. Code Ann. § 52-3-811 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Knowledge or reasonable cause to suspect Nebraska Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-372 (2000) Y N Y Y Y Reasonable cause to believe or observation Nevada Nev. Rev. Stat. § 200.5093 (2000) Y Y Y Y Y Knowledge or reasonable cause to believe New Hampshire N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 161-F:46 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Reason to believe New Mexico Stat. Ann. § 27-7-30 (Michie 2000) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to believe North Carolina N.C. Gen. Stat. § 108A-102 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to believe Ohio Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 5101.61 (Anderson 1999) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to believe Oklahoma Okla. Stat. tit. 43A, § 10-104 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to believe

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Confronting Chronic Neglect: The Education and Training of Health Professionals on Family Violence Report What? Report to Whom? Report How? Maltreatment or physical injury not reasonably explained Designated common entry point Oral Abuse, neglect, or exploitation Department of Human Services or welfare department Written and/or oral Likelihood of suffering serious physical harm and in need of protective services Department of Social Services Oral or written Abuse, sexual abuse, neglect, or exploitation Department of Public Health and Human Services or county attorney Not specified Abuse or conditions reasonably resulting in abuse Law enforcement or Department of Health and Human Services Oral and written (if requested) Abuse, neglect, exploitation, or isolation Aging Services Division of Department of Human Resources or law enforcement Not specified Physical abuse, neglect, exploitation, or living in hazardous conditions Commissioner of Health and Human Services Oral and written (if requested) Abuse, neglect, or exploitation Children, Youth, and Families Department Oral or written Need of protective services Director of Department of Social Services Oral or written Abuse, neglect, or exploitation Department of Job and Family Services Oral and written (if requested) Abuse, neglect, or exploitation Department of Human Services, district attorney, or law enforcement Not specified

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Confronting Chronic Neglect: The Education and Training of Health Professionals on Family Violence Elder Abuse and Neglect   Who Must Report?   Dentist Doctor Mental Health Nurse Social Worker Standard for Reporting? Oregon Or. Rev. Stat. §§ 124.050, .060-.065 (1999) Y N Y Y Y Reasonable cause to believe Rhode Island R.I. Gen. Laws § 42-66-8 (2000) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to believe South Carolina S.C. Code Ann. § 43-35-25 (Law. Co-op. 1999) Y Y Y Y Y Reason to believe Tennessee Tenn. Code Ann. § 71-6-103 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to suspect Texas Tex. [Hum. Res.] Code Ann. § 48.051 (West 2000) Y Y Y Y Y Cause to believe Utah Utah Code Ann. § 62A-3-302 (1999) Y Y Y Y Y Reason to believe Vermont Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 33, §§ 6903-6904 (2000) Y Y Y Y Y Knowledge, receipt of information, or reason to suspect Virginia Va. Code Ann. § 63.1-55.3 (Michie 1999) Y Y Y Y Y Reason to suspect Washington Wash. Rev. Code §§ 74.34.020, .035 (2000) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to believe West Virginia W. Va. Code § 9-6-9 (2000) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to believe Wyoming Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 35-20-103 (Michie 2000) Y Y Y Y Y Knowledge or reasonable cause to believe NOTE: Because the term “allied health professional” is defined variably among different states, this chart cannot accurately summarize the duties of all persons who might be included in this broad category.

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Confronting Chronic Neglect: The Education and Training of Health Professionals on Family Violence Report What? Report to Whom? Report How? Abuse Senior and Disabled Services Division or law enforcement Oral Abuse, neglect, exploitation, or abandonment Director of Department of Elderly Affairs Not specified Occurrence or likelihood of abuse, neglect, or exploitation Adult protective services program Oral or written Abuse, neglect, or exploitation Department of Human Services Oral or written Abuse, neglect, or exploitation Department of Protective and Regulatory Services Oral or written Abuse, emotional or psychological abuse, neglect, or exploitation Law enforcement or adult protective services Not specified Abuse, neglect, or exploitation Commissioner of the Department of Aging and Disabilities or law enforcement Written Abuse, neglect, or exploitation Department of Public Welfare Oral or written Abandonment, abuse, financial exploitation, sexual or physical assault, or neglect Law enforcement and Department of Social and Health Services Oral or written Neglect, abuse, or emergency situation Protective services agency Not specified Abuse, neglect, exploitation, or abandonment Law enforcement or Department of Family Services Not specified

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Confronting Chronic Neglect: The Education and Training of Health Professionals on Family Violence Intimate Partner Violence   Who Must Report?   Dentist Doctor Mental Health Nurse Social Worker Standard for Reporting? California Cal. [Penal] Code § 11160 (Deering 2000) Y Y N Y N Knows or reasonably suspects Colorado Colo. Rev. Stat. § 12-36-135 (1999) N Y N N N Believes or has reason to believe Kentucky Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 209.030 (Michie 1998) Y Y Y Y Y Reasonable cause to suspect Rhode Island R.I. Gen. Laws § 12-29-9 (2000) N Y N Y N Reasonable cause to believe or victim statement NOTE: Because the term “allied health professional” is defined variably among different states, this chart cannot accurately summarize the duties of all persons who might be included in this broad category.

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Confronting Chronic Neglect: The Education and Training of Health Professionals on Family Violence Report What? Report to Whom? Report How? Wound or other physical injury inflicted by firearm or wound or other physical injury resulting from assaultive or abusive conduct Law enforcement agency Oral and written Injury caused by discharge of firearm or by sharp or pointed instrument or injury resulting from criminal act, including domestic violence Law enforcement Not specified Abuse, neglect, or exploitation of adult Cabinet for Families and Children Oral or written Domestic violence Court’s domestic violence training and monitoring unit Written

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