Of the four states in which Hispanic students make up the largest share of the LD students, two (Arizona and California) identify those students at rates below the national average, and two (New Mexico and Texas) above. In the latter two states, white students are also identified at higher rates than they are nationally.

Emotional Disturbance

OCR national projections showed elevated identification rates for black students in the category of emotional disturbance. Again, we note the variability in the rates of ED identification across states. Minnesota, Ohio, Oklahoma, and Oregon identified more than 2 percent of their students as ED, while nine states identified under one half of one percent: Arkansas, California, Delaware, Idaho, Mississippi, Nevada, South Dakota, Tennessee, and Washington.

Among the states with the highest risk indices for black students are Iowa, Minnesota, Montana, and Vermont, all states in which black students claim a relatively small share of the total ED placements (see Table 2-14). The RI for black students in those states is markedly higher than for white students. In states in which black students make up the largest share of ED placements (District of Columbia, Louisiana, North Carolina, and South Carolina), the risk index is also substantially higher than that for whites, but it is less than half the rate in the states with the highest risk indices.

TABLE 2-14 1998 Comparison of States with Highest Risk (RI) and Composition (CI) Indices for Black Students in the Category of Emotional Disturbance

State

RI

CI

White RI for State

Highest RI

Minnesota

3.88%

11.09%

1.88%

Montana

3.58%

2.05%

0.85%

Iowa

3.53%

11.81%

1.05%

Vermont

3.11%

1.42%

1.80%

Highest CI

District of Columbia

1.25%

96.02%

0.41%

Louisiana

.97%

65.26%

0.48%

South Carolina

1.29%

57.04%

0.72%

North Carolina

1.38%

53.62%

0.58%



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