Although the analysis here has included examples from the four disciplines on which this study is focused, the discussion has been fairly general. Readers who are interested in one of the disciplines in particular will find an in-depth assessment in the corresponding panel report. Readers are encouraged to peruse these reports individually or to examine the summary of their findings presented in Appendix A.

Chapter 9 examines the AP and IB programs from a different but related point of view: the four elements of educational programs—curriculum, instructional methods, ongoing and end-of-course assessments, and opportunities for teacher preparation and professional development. The discussion in that chapter considers the extent to which these elements of the AP and IB programs nurture deep conceptual understanding among students—the committee’s view of the primary goal for advanced study.



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