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Learning and Understanding: Improving Advanced Study of Mathematics and Science in U.S. High Schools
with colleges and universities. Chapters 3 and 4 introduce the AP and IB programs in some detail, while Chapter 5 provides a brief overview of some alternative advanced study programs. Chapter 6 summarizes the results of research on human learning that are critical for the present analysis. Chapter 7 extends these findings to the design of curriculum, instruction, assessment, and professional development as they relate to advanced study.
The report next turns to a detailed analysis of programs for advanced study, an analysis that is influenced strongly by the panel reports in the four individual disciplines. Chapter 8 presents an analysis of the programs from the perspective of research on learning, while Chapter 9 considers them from the perspective of curriculum, instruction, assessment, and professional development of teachers. Chapter 10 examines appropriate and inappropriate uses of these programs and their assessments of students. Finally, Chapter 11 presents the committee’s recommendations for change.