Syracuse University, Project Advance, 105n

T

Tasks, assigning worthwhile, 179

Teacher preparation.

See also Professional development

recommendations, 232

Teachers

of advanced study, 3

certification of, 35

effects of AP and IB on, 186-187

in high school, 44-46

in middle school, 38

qualifications of, 33-36

shortages of, 20, 35-36

trends in salaries of, 36

Teachers Learning Conference, 112

Teaching. See Instruction

Tech Prep, 106

Televised courses, 110

Top 10 Percent Law, 53

Transforming Undergraduate Education in Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology, 241

2+2 programs, 106

U

Understanding, learning with, 119

Unequal access, to advanced study, 4

University of California, Early Outreach Program, 114

Unstructured problems, preference of high-ability learners for, 132

U.S. Department of Education, 18, 21, 29-30, 46

Uses, misuses, and unintended consequences of AP and IB, 11-12, 185-196

access and equity, 191-192

college credit and placement, 192-196

high stakes, 185-188

quality control, 188-191

V

Vade Mecum: Procedures Manual for IB Coordinators and Teachers, 89

Validity, 76n, 78, 143, 182

consequential, of AP and IB assessments, 182-183

Variability of credit and placement decisions, 61-63, 75n

survey of mathematics and biology departments, 61-63

Vertical Teams Initiative, 38n, 82

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 182

W

Washington Post, 185

Web-based courses, 111-113

computer-based multimedia courses, 112-113

Web-Based Education Commission, 111

Weighted system of GPAs, 40n

Workshops, 80-81



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