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COMPENSATING FOR WETLAND LOSSES UNDER THE CLEAN WATER ACT References Ainslie, W.B., R.D.Smith, B.A.Pruitt, T.H.Roberts, E.J.Sparks, L.West, G.L.Godshalk, and M.V.Miller. 1999. A Regional Guidebook for Assessing the Functions of Low Gradient, Riverine Wetlands in Western Kentucky. Tech. Report WRP-DE-17 Operational Draft. Vicksburg, MS: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Waterways Experiment Station. [Online]. Available: http://www.wes.army.mil/el/wetlands/wlpubs.html [Dec. 14, 2000]. Allen, A.O., and J.J.Feddema. 1996. Wetland loss and substitution by the Section 404 Permit Program in southern California, USA. Environ. Manage. 20(2):263–274. Andreas, B.K., and R.W.Lichvar. 1995. Floristic Index for Establishing Assessment Standards: A Case Study for Northern Ohio. Wetlands Research Program Tech. Report WRP-DE-8. Vicksburg, MS: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Waterways Experiment Station. Ashworth, S.M. 1997. Comparison between restored and reference sedge meadow wetlands in south-central Wisconsin. Wetlands 17(4):518–527. Bartoldus, C.C. 1999. A Comprehensive Review of Wetland Assessment Procedures: A Guide for Wetland Practitioners. St. Michaels, MD: Environmental Concern Inc. Bartoldus, C.C., E.W.Garbisch, and M.L.Kraus. 1994. Evaluation for Planned Wetlands (EPW): A Procedure for Assessing Wetland Functions and a Guide to Functional Design. St. Michaels, MD: Environmental Concern Inc. Bayley, P.B. 1995. Understanding large river-floodplain ecosystems. BioScience 45(3):153– 158. Bedford, B.L. 1996. The need to define hydrologic equivalence at the landscape scale for freshwater wetland mitigation. Ecol. Applic. 6(1):57–68. Bedford, B.L. 1999. Cumulative effects on wetland landscapes: Links to wetland restoration in the United States and Southern Canada. Wetlands 19(4):775–788. Bedford, B.L., and E.M.Preston. 1988. Developing the scientific basis for assessing cumulative effects of wetland loss and degradation on landscape functions: Status, perspectives and prospects. Environ. Manage. 12(5):751–771.

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