. "Appendix C Analyses of Soil, Plant, and Animal Communities for Mitigation Sites Compared with Reference Sites." Compensating for Wetland Losses Under the Clean Water Act . Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2001.
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COMPENSATING FOR WETLAND LOSSES UNDER THE CLEAN WATER ACT
Bishel-Machung, L., R.P.Brooks, S.S.Yates, and K.L.Hoover. 1996. Soil properties of reference wetlands and wetland creation projects in Pennsylvania. Wetlands 16(4):532–541.
Broome, S.W., E.D.Seneca, and W.W.Woodhouse, Jr. 1986. Long-term growth and development of transplants of the salt-marsh grass Spartina alterniflora. Estuaries 9:63–74.
Cammen, L.M. 1976. Abundance and production of macroinvertebrates from natural and artificially established salt marshes in North Carolina. Amer. Midl. Nat. 96(2):487–493.
Chamberlain, R.H., and R.A.Barnhart. 1993. Early use by fish of a mitigation salt Marsh, Humbolt Bay, California Estuaries 16(4):769–783.
Confer, S.R., and W.A.Niering. 1992. Comparison of created and natural freshwater emergent wetlands in Connecticut (USA). Wetlands Ecol. Manage. 2(3):143–156.
Craft, C. 2000. Co-development of wetland soils and benthic invertebrate communities following salt marsh creation. Wetlands Ecol. Manage. 8(2/3):197–207.
Craft, C.B., S.W.Broome, and E.D.Seneca. 1988. Nitrogen, phosphorus and organic carbon pools in natural and transplanted marsh soils. Estuaries 11(4):272–289.
Craft, C.B., E.D.Seneca, and S.W.Broome. 1991. Porewater chemistry of natural and created marsh soils. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 152(2):187–200.
Fonseca, M.S., W.J.Kenworth, D.R.Colby, K.A.Rittmaster, and G.W.Thayer. 1990. Comparisons of fauna among natural and transplanted eelgrass Zostera marina meadows: criteria for mitigation. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 65(3):251–264.
Frenkel, R.W., and J.C.Morlan. 1990. Restoration of the Salmon River Salt Marshes: Retrospect and Prospect Corvallis, OR: Department of Geosciences, Oregon State University.
Gwin, S.E., M.E.Kentula, and E.M.Preston. 1990. Evaluating Design and Verifying Compliance of Wetlands Created Under Section 404 of the Clean Water Act in Oregon. EPA/ 600/3-90/061. Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Cornvallis, OR. 122 pp.
LaSalle, W.M., M.C.Landin, and J.G.Sims. 1991. Evaluation of the flora and fauna of Spartina alternifora marsh established on dredged material in Winhay Bay, South Carolina. Wetlands 11(2):191–208.
Magee, T.K., T.L.Ernst, M.E.Kentula, and K.A.Dwire 1999. Floristic comparison of freshwater wetlands in an urbanizing environment Wetlands 19(3):517–534.
Matthews, G.A., and T.J.Minello. 1994. Technology and Success in Restoration, Creation, and Enhancement of Spartina alterniflora Marshes in the United States. Vol. 2. Inventory and Human Resources Directory. NOAA Coastal Ocean Program Decision Analysis Series No. 2. Silver Spring, MD: U.S. Dept. Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
Melvin, S.L., and J.W.Webb. 1998. Differences in the avian communities of natural and created Spartina alterniflora salt marshes. Wetlands 18(1):59–69.
Minello, T.J. 2000. Temporal development of salt marsh value for nekton and epifauna: utilization of dredged material marshes in Galveston Bay, Texas, USA. Wetlands Ecol. Manage. 8(5):327–341.
Minello, T.J., J.R.Zimmerman, and E.F.Klima. 1987. Creation of fishery habitat in estuaries. Pp. 106–120 in Beneficial Uses of Dredged Materials, Proceedings of First Interagency Workshop, 7–9 October 1986, Pensacola, Florida, M.C.Landin and H.K.Smith, eds. Tech. Report D-87-1. Vicksburg, MS: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.
Mitsch, W.J., and N.Flanagan. 1996. Comparison of Structure and Function of Constructed Deep water Marshes with Reference Freshwater Marshes. A study at the Des Plaines River Wetland Demonstration Project in northeastern Illinois. RF Project No. 729179, The Ohio State University Research Foundation, Columbus, OH.