Step 4. Coordinator gathers and reviews relevant documentation, including selected permits issued in the region and reports from studies designed to assess regional mitigation success. HGM model variables and functional capacity indexes may be useful as performance standards, so relevant models should be reviewed along with other information.

Step 5. Coordinator gathers information about practices outside of the region that might be of interest to workshop participants. (This technical note summarizes some of this information.)

Step 6. Coordinator summarizes information gathered in steps 4 and 5 for participants in the first of two workshops. The coordinator's presentation should be limited to existing information; it should not suggest new or improved performance standards. Workshop participants offer opinions regarding important issues and potential new or improved performance standards.

Step 7. Based on opinions of workshop participants and other information, coordinator drafts performance standard guidelines or templates. In general, performance standard guidelines should be no more than one or two pages in length, and templates listing minimum performance standards may be as short as one page.

Step 8. Coordinator presents draft guidelines or templates to workshop participants who discuss them in an open forum in the second of two workshops.

Step 9. Coordinator revises draft guidelines or templates based on participants ' comments.

Step 10. Regulatory supervisors review revised draft guidelines or templates.

Step 11. Coordinator finalizes draft guidelines or templates to the satisfaction of regulatory supervisors.

Step 12. Guidelines or templates are distributed for use by regulatory staff.

By bringing together regulators, scientists, and other stakeholders, the 12-step plan ensures that the best available professional knowledge will be considered while practical issues will not be ignored. However, effectiveness of guidelines or templates developed from the 12-step plan should be periodically reviewed. Ideally, the review process should include collection of data that relate achievement of performance standards to replacement of lost wetland structure and functions.

POINT OF CONTACT: For additional information, contact Dr. Bill Streever (601–634–2942, This technical note should be cited as follows:

Streever, B. (1999). “Examples of performance standards for wetland creation and restoration in Section 404 permits and an approach to developing performance standards.” WRP Technical Notes Collection (TN WRP WG-RS-3.3). U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Vicksburg, MS.

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