Appendix J

Biographical Sketches of Committee Members

JOY ZEDLER (Chair) is a professor of botany and Aldo Leopold Chair of Restoration Ecology at the University of Wisconsin. She earned her Ph.D. in botany from the University of Wisconsin. Previously she was a professor of biology at San Diego State University and director of the Pacific Estuarine Research Laboratory. Dr. Zedler's research interests include wetland ecology, structure and functioning of restored ecosystems, use of scientific information in management and restoration, and use of mesocosms in experimental studies. She has served as a member of the National Research Council's Committee on Characterization of Wetlands, the Committee on Restoration of Aquatic Ecosystems, and the Water Science and Technology Board. She is a member of the Nature Conservancy Governing Board and the Environmental Defense Fund Board of Trustees.

LEONARD SHABMAN (Vice Chair) is a professor in the Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University and director of the Virginia Water Resources Research Center. He earned his Ph.D. in resource and environmental economics from Cornell University. His research interests include water supply, water quality, and flood hazard management; fishery management; and the role of economists in public policy formulation. Dr. Shabman was a member of the National Research Council's Committee on Watershed Management; the Committee on U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Research; the Committee on Flood Control Alternatives in the American



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COMPENSATING FOR WETLAND LOSSES UNDER THE CLEAN WATER ACT Appendix J Biographical Sketches of Committee Members JOY ZEDLER (Chair) is a professor of botany and Aldo Leopold Chair of Restoration Ecology at the University of Wisconsin. She earned her Ph.D. in botany from the University of Wisconsin. Previously she was a professor of biology at San Diego State University and director of the Pacific Estuarine Research Laboratory. Dr. Zedler's research interests include wetland ecology, structure and functioning of restored ecosystems, use of scientific information in management and restoration, and use of mesocosms in experimental studies. She has served as a member of the National Research Council's Committee on Characterization of Wetlands, the Committee on Restoration of Aquatic Ecosystems, and the Water Science and Technology Board. She is a member of the Nature Conservancy Governing Board and the Environmental Defense Fund Board of Trustees. LEONARD SHABMAN (Vice Chair) is a professor in the Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University and director of the Virginia Water Resources Research Center. He earned his Ph.D. in resource and environmental economics from Cornell University. His research interests include water supply, water quality, and flood hazard management; fishery management; and the role of economists in public policy formulation. Dr. Shabman was a member of the National Research Council's Committee on Watershed Management; the Committee on U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Research; the Committee on Flood Control Alternatives in the American

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COMPENSATING FOR WETLAND LOSSES UNDER THE CLEAN WATER ACT River Basin; and the Committee on Restoration of Aquatic Ecosystems: Science, Technology, and Public Policy. VICTORIA ALVAREZ is senior environmental planner and liaison to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, San Francisco District for the California Department of Transportation (CalTrans). She earned a B.A. (botany) and M.A. (biology) from California State University. Her professional experience includes research, regulation, consulting, and management involving plant biotechnology, endangered species identification, vegetative mapping, botanical studies, Clean Water Act regulation, compensatory habitat mitigation and restoration, and mitigation monitoring. She represented the California Department of Transportation at the National Research Council's Transportation Research Board's Environmental Research Needs in Transportation Conference in November 1996, where she participated on the Wetlands Subcommittee. ROBERT O.EVANS is associate professor and extension leader in the Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering at North Carolina State University, where he earned his Ph.D. in 1991. His research interests include wetland restoration of prior converted cropland; instream wetland construction, restoration, and enhancement; establishment of riparian vegetative buffers; and restoration and enhancement of riparian wetlands. He has 15 years of experience applying, testing, and validating hydrological simulation models for a variety of field applications, including wetland delineation and restoration. Dr. Evans currently serves on the North Carolina Senate Select Committee on Coastal River Water Quality and Fish Kills and is technical adviser to the Water Quality Section, North Carolina Division of Water Quality, North Carolina Wetlands Restoration Program, North Carolina Conservation Enhancement and Reserve Program, and North Carolina Irrigation Society. He is also chair of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) Water Resources Engineering Division's Water Quality Committee and the ASCE Task Committee establishing “Guidelines for Restoration of Prior Converted Cropland.” ROYAL C.GARDNER is a professor of law and director of Graduate and International Programs at Stetson University College of Law in St. Petersburg, Florida. Previously he served in the Army General Counsel's office as the Department of the Army's principal wetland attorney, advising the Assistant Secretary of the Army (civil works) on legal and policy issues related to administration of the Clean Water Act Section 404 program by the Corps of Engineers.

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COMPENSATING FOR WETLAND LOSSES UNDER THE CLEAN WATER ACT J.WHITFIELD GIBBONS is a professor of ecology and a senior research ecologist at the Savannah River Ecology Laboratory in Aiken, South Carolina, and a research associate in the Department of Vertebrate Zoology at the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Dr. Gibbons earned his Ph.D. (zoology) at Michigan State University and M.S. and B.S. (biology) degrees at the University of Alabama. His research interests focus on the population dynamics and ecology of aquatic and semiaquatic vertebrates and has involved detailed population studies of fish, amphibians, and reptiles, particularly turtles. An emphasis of his research has been on the application of basic research to environmental impact and conservation issues, particularly regarding natural and degraded wetlands. JAMES WENDELL GILLIAM is William Neal Reynolds Professor of Soil Science at North Carolina State University. He earned his Ph.D. at Mississippi State University. His research interests include the effects of agriculture, forestry, and various best management practices on the quality of water draining from watersheds; water management to increase yields and minimize nonpoint-source pollution; and the effectiveness of riparian wetlands and other vegetative filters for improving the quality of agricultural drainage waters. He was the 1999 recipient of the Soil Science Society of America's Applied Research Award. In 1996 he received the U.S. Department of Agriculture Award for Superior Service for Research on Riparian Buffers. Dr. Gilliam also served as a member of the National Research Council's Committee on Long-Range Soil and Water Conservation. CAROL A.JOHNSTON is a senior research associate with the Natural Resources Research Institute at the University of Minnesota in Duluth; currently she is on assignment as program director for the Ecosystem Studies Program at the National Science Foundation. She earned her Ph.D. in soil science at the University of Wisconsin. Her research interests include wetland soils, biogeochemistry, and mapping; effects of land/water interactions on surface water quantity and quality; spatial and temporal variability of wetland processes; and geographic information systems. Dr. Johnston was a member of the National Research Council's Water Science and Technology Board for 6 years, and served as its vice-chair from 1997 to 2000. She previously served on the National Research Council's Committee on Watershed Management and Committee on Wetlands Characterization. WILLIAM J.MITSCH is a professor of natural resources and environmental science at Ohio State University and director of the Olentangy

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COMPENSATING FOR WETLAND LOSSES UNDER THE CLEAN WATER ACT River Wetland Research Park. He earned his Ph.D. in environmental engineering sciences (systems ecology) from the University of Florida. His research interests include wetland ecology and management, wetland restoration and creation, wetland biogeochemistry, ecological economics of wetlands and other ecosystems, ecological engineering, ecosystem ecology and modeling, wetlands and global climate change, wetland vegetation dynamics, and primary productivity in aquatic systems. Dr. Mitsch is editor-in-chief of Ecological Engineering. He served as a member of the National Research Council's Committee on Characterization of Wetlands. KAREN PRESTEGAARD is an associate professor of geology at the University of Maryland, College Park. She earned her Ph.D. (geology) from the University of California, Berkeley. Her research interests include mechanisms of streamflow generation and their variations with watershed scale, geology, and land use; effects of floods on rivers; relationships among channel morphology, channel hydraulics, and aquatic ecology; and hydrology of coastal and riparian wetlands. Dr. Prestegaard served on the National Research Council's Committee on Yucca Mountain Peer Review: Surface Characteristics. ANN M.REDMOND is the Regional Manager of Ecological and Water Resources for the Tallahassee office of WilsonMiller, Inc. She was formerly Vice President of Development for Wetlandsbank, Inc., where she was responsible for Wetlandsbank's expansion into new markets, as well as its regulatory and legislative activities. Ms. Redmond was with the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) for 12 years as the agency's expert on mitigation and mitigation banking, leading the development and implementation of rules and legislation in these areas. She has worked on the assessment of watershed-level cumulative impacts due to development impacts, watershed and ecosystem management initiatives, the conceptual framework for restoration planning, development of functional assessment methods, and sustainability of mitigation projects. Prior to her tenure at DEP, she worked with a regional water management agency and as an environmental consultant. She earned her Bachelor and Master of Science degrees in Biological Sciences from Florida State University, with emphases on botany and ecology. CHARLES SIMENSTAD is a research associate professor at the School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, where he earned B.S. and M.S. degrees in fisheries. He is also coordinator of the University of Washington's Wetland Ecosystem Team. His research interests include estuarine and nearshore marine ecosystem structure and food web dynamics; estuarine ecology of juvenile salmonid fishes; land-

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COMPENSATING FOR WETLAND LOSSES UNDER THE CLEAN WATER ACT scape structure of estuarine fish habitats; effects of anthropogenic change to estuarine habitat support of fish and shellfish; coastal wetland restoration ecology; and functional assessment of restored, created, and enhanced wetlands. He serves on the editorial board of Estuaries as associate editor for habitat restoration and wetlands. R.EUGENE TURNER is a professor in the Department of Oceanography and Coastal Sciences and director of the Coastal Ecology Institute at Louisiana State University. He earned a B.A. degree from Monmouth College (Illinois), an M.S. degree from Drake University, and a Ph.D. from the University of Georgia. He is chairman of INTECOL Wetlands Working Group and treasurer of INTECOL and is active in scientific matters concerning aspects of coastal environmental management, including the low-oxygen zone off the Mississippi River (the DEAD ZONE). He serves on the Book Board of the American Geophysical Union (AGU), is managing editor of AGU's Coastal and Estuarine Science Series, and is editor-in-chief of Wetlands Ecology and Management. He served as a member of the National Research Council's Committee on the Role of Technology in Marine Habitat Protection and Enhancement.