TABLE 6–1 Required Mitigation as Restoration, Creation, and Enhancement for Permits Issued under Permitting Programsa

Location

No. of Permits

Area Impacted (Ha)

Years

% of Permits Requiring Mitigation

% of Area Impacted

Source

Alabama

18

18

1981–87

100

100

Sifneos et al. 1992a

Arkansas

7

703

1982–86

71

98

Sifneos et al. 1992b

California, Statewide

324

1,176

1971–87

NA

107

Holland and Kentula 1992

Orange County

70

168

1979–93

13

97

Sudol 1996

Southern CA

75

112

1987–89

92

140

Allen and Feddema 1996

Sacramento and San Francisco Bay

30

168

1987–90

NA

144

DeWeese 1994

San Francisco Bay

36

NA

1977–82

64

NA

Race 1985

Florida, Corps

NA

NA

NA

NA

246

GAO 1988, as cited in Torok et al. 1996

Jacksonville District Louisiana

NA

26,280

1981–87

41

10

Sifneos et al. 1992a

Florida, St. John's River Water Management District

680

NA

1984–89

48

98

Lowe et al. 1989b

New Jersey

 

Section 404 Program

NA

333

1985–92

NA

100

Torok et al. 1996b

State FWPA

NA

58

NA

NA

147

Torok et al. 1996

Mississippi

10

1,095

1981–87

50

100

Sifneos et al. 1992a

Mississippi, Corps Vicksburg District

NA

NA

NA

NA

1

GAO 1988, as cited in Torok et al. 1996

Ohio

32

371

1990–95

68

93

Sibbing 1997c

Oregon

58

74

1977–86

NA

57

Kentula et al. 1992a

Tennessee

50

34

1992–96

100

100

Morgan and Roberts 1999



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