Biscaye, P.E., F.E. Grousset, M. Revel, S. Van der Gaast, G.A. Zielinski, A. Vaars, and G. Kukla. 1997. Asian provenance of glacial dust (stage 2) in the Greenland Ice Sheet Project 2 Ice Core, Summit, Greenland. Journal of Geophysical Research 102:26,765-26,781.

Bjorck, S., N. Noe-Nygaard, J. Wolin, M. Houmark-Nielsen, H.J. Hansen, and I. Snowball. 2000. Eemian lake development, hydrology and climate: A multi-stratigraphic study of the Hollerup site in Denmark. Quaternary Science Reviews 19(6):509-536.

Bjorck, S., S. Olsson, C. EllisEvans, H. Hakansson, O. Humlum, and J.M. deLirio. 1996. Late Holocene palaeoclimatic records from lake sediments on James Ross Island, Antarctica. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 121(3-4):195-220.

Black, D.E., L.C. Peterson, J.T. Overpeck, A. Kaplan, M. Evans, and M. Kashgarian. 1999. Eight centuries of North Atlantic atmosphere-ocean variability. Science 286:1709-1713.

Blunier, T., and E.J. Brook. 2001. Timing of millennial-scale climate change in Antarctica and Greenland during the last glacial period. Science 291:109-112.

Blunier, T., J. Chappellaz, J. Schwander, B. Stauffer, and D. Raynaud. 1995. Variations in atmospheric methane concentration during the Holocene epoch. Nature 374:46-49.

Boag, P.T. and P.R. Grant. 1984. Darwin finches (Geospiza) on Isla Daphne Major, Galapagos—breeding and feeding ecology in a climatically variable environment. Ecological Monographs 54(4):463-489.

Boettger, T., F.W. Junge, and T. Litt. 2000. Stable climatic conditions in central Germany during the last interglacial. Journal of Quaternary Science 15(5):469-473.

Bond, G., W. Broecker, S. Johnsen, J. McManus, L. Labeyrie, J. Jouzel, and G. Bonani. 1993. Correlations between climate records for North Atlantic sediments and Greenland ice. Nature 365:143-147.

Bond, G., and R. Lotti. 1995. Iceberg discharges into the North Atlantic on millennial time scales during the last deglaciation. Science 267:1005-1010.

Bond, G., W. Showers, M. Chesby, R. Lotti, I. Hajdas, and G. Bonani. 1997. A pervasive millennial-scale cycle in North Atlantic Holocene and glacial climates. Science 278:1257-1266.

Bonnefille, R., G. Riollet, G. Buchet, M. Arnold, M. Icole, and R. Lafont. 1995. Glacial/ interglacial record from intertropical Africa: High resolution pollen and carbon data at Rusaka, Burundi. Quaternary Science Reviews 14(9):917-936

Borchert, J.R. 1950. The climate of the Central North American grasslands. Annual Association of American Geography 40:1-39.

Bouma, M.J., and C. Dye. 1997. Cycles of malaria associated with El Niño in Venezuela. Journal of the American Medical Association 278:1772.

Bounoua, L., G.J. Collatz, C.J. Tucker, P.J. Sellers, D.A. Randall, D.A. Dazlich, T.G. Jensen, S.O. Los, J.A. Berry, C.B. Field, and I. Fung. 1999. Interactions between vegetation and climate: Radiative and physiological effects of doubled CO2. Journal of Climate 12:309-324.

Boyle, E.A. 2000. Is ocean thermohaline circulation linked to abrupt stadial/interstadial transitions? Quaternary Science Reviews 19:255-272.

Boyle, E.A., and L.D. Keigwin. 1987. North Atlantic thermohaline circulation during the last 20,000 years linked to high latitude surface temperatures. Nature 330:35-40.

Braconnot, P., S. Joussaume, O. Marti, and N. de Noblet. 1999. Synergistic feedbacks from ocean and vegetation on the African monsoon response to mid-Holocene insolation. Geophysical Research Letters 26:2481-2484.

Bradley, R.S. 1999. Paleoclimatology: Reconstructing Climates of the Quaternary, 2nd edition. Academic Press, San Diego, CA. 613 pp.

Braudel, F. 1973. Capitalism and Material Life, 1400-1800. HarperCollins, New York, 18 pp.

Bravar, L., and M.L. Kavvas. 1991. On the physics of drought. I. A conceptual framework. Journal of Hydrology 129:281-297.

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001

Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement