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  • Understand interrelationship between aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems to support watershed management

Water Institutions

  • Develop legal regimes that promote groundwater management and conjunctive use of surface water and groundwater

  • Understand issues related to the governance of water where it has common pool and public good attributes

  • Understand uncertainties attending to Native American water rights and other federal reserved rights

  • Improve equity in existing water management laws

  • Conduct comparative studies of water laws and institutions

  • Develop adaptive management

  • Develop new methods for estimating the value of nonmarketed attributes of water resources

  • Understand use of economic institutions to protect common pool and pure public good values related to water resources

  • Develop efficient markets and marketlike arrangements for water

  • Understand role of prices, pricing structures, and the price elasticity of water demand

  • Understand role of the private sector in achieving efficient provision of water and wastewater services

  • Understand key factors that affect water-related risk communication and decision processes

  • Understand user-organized institutions for water distribution, such as cooperatives, special districts, and mutual companies

  • Develop different processes for obtaining stakeholder input in forming water policies and plans

  • Understand cultural and ethical factors associated with water use

  • Conduct ex post research to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of past water policies and projects

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