Page 303

Annex E:

Bibliography*

Adams, Chris. 2001 . “Laboratory Hybrids: How Adroit Scientists Aid Biotech Companies with Taxpayer Money—NIH Grants Go to Nonprofits Tied to For-profit Firms Set up by Researchers.” Wall Street Journal . New York : Dow Jones and Company . January 30. A1.

Ahearne, John F. 1985 . “Energy Research and Development,” in Papers Commissioned for a Workshop on the Federal Role in Research and Development . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press , pp. 211-242 .

Alic, John, Lewis Branscomb, Harvey Brooks, Ashton Carter, and Gerald Epstein. 1992 . Beyond Spinoff: Military and Civilian Technologies in a Changing World . Boston : Harvard University Press .

Alliance Analyst. 1996 . “Managing Alliances—Skills for the Modern Era.” March 18.

Ambrose, Stephen. 2000 . Nothing Like it in the World: The Men Who Built the Transcontinental Railroad , 1863-1869 . New York : Simon and Schuster .

American Technology Preeminance Act of 1991. (Public Law 102-245).

Anand, B. N. and T. Khanna. 1999 . “Do Firms Learn to Create Value? The Case of Alliances.” Strategic Management Journal , Special Conference Issue, Northwestern University .

ATP Technology Showcase. 2000 . “Ten Years of Innovation and Impact.” Discussions with an NCMS spokesperson, hosted by the Advanced Technology Program. Washington, D.C. : Russell Senate Building , Caucus Room, 5 April.

Audretsch, David B. and Roy Thurik. 1999 . Innovation, Industry, Evolution, and Employment . New York : Cambridge University Press .

Austin, D. and M. Macauley. 2000 . Estimating Future Consumer Benefits from ATP-funded Innovation: The Case of Digital Data Storage . NIST GCR 00-790. April.

Baily, M. and A. Chakrabarti. 1998 . Innovation and the Productivity Crisis . Washington, D.C. : The Brookings Institution .

Barfield, Claude E. 1997 . Testimony before the Subcommittee on Technology of the House Science Committee, U.S. House of Representatives . April 10.

* Includes references from the papers as well as references of general interest.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 303
Page 303 Annex E: Bibliography* Adams, Chris. 2001 . “Laboratory Hybrids: How Adroit Scientists Aid Biotech Companies with Taxpayer Money—NIH Grants Go to Nonprofits Tied to For-profit Firms Set up by Researchers.” Wall Street Journal . New York : Dow Jones and Company . January 30. A1. Ahearne, John F. 1985 . “Energy Research and Development,” in Papers Commissioned for a Workshop on the Federal Role in Research and Development . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press , pp. 211-242 . Alic, John, Lewis Branscomb, Harvey Brooks, Ashton Carter, and Gerald Epstein. 1992 . Beyond Spinoff: Military and Civilian Technologies in a Changing World . Boston : Harvard University Press . Alliance Analyst. 1996 . “Managing Alliances—Skills for the Modern Era.” March 18. Ambrose, Stephen. 2000 . Nothing Like it in the World: The Men Who Built the Transcontinental Railroad , 1863-1869 . New York : Simon and Schuster . American Technology Preeminance Act of 1991. (Public Law 102-245). Anand, B. N. and T. Khanna. 1999 . “Do Firms Learn to Create Value? The Case of Alliances.” Strategic Management Journal , Special Conference Issue, Northwestern University . ATP Technology Showcase. 2000 . “Ten Years of Innovation and Impact.” Discussions with an NCMS spokesperson, hosted by the Advanced Technology Program. Washington, D.C. : Russell Senate Building , Caucus Room, 5 April. Audretsch, David B. and Roy Thurik. 1999 . Innovation, Industry, Evolution, and Employment . New York : Cambridge University Press . Austin, D. and M. Macauley. 2000 . Estimating Future Consumer Benefits from ATP-funded Innovation: The Case of Digital Data Storage . NIST GCR 00-790. April. Baily, M. and A. Chakrabarti. 1998 . Innovation and the Productivity Crisis . Washington, D.C. : The Brookings Institution . Barfield, Claude E. 1997 . Testimony before the Subcommittee on Technology of the House Science Committee, U.S. House of Representatives . April 10. * Includes references from the papers as well as references of general interest.

OCR for page 303
Page 304 Barfield, C. and W. Schambra, editors. 1986 . The Politics of Industrial Policy . Washington, D.C. : American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research . Bass, Frank M. 1969 . “A New Product Growth Model for Consumer Durables.” Management Science , 15(5): 215-227 . Bingham, Richard. 1998 . Industrial Policy American Style: From Hamilton to HDTV . New York : M.E. Sharpe . Binswanger, Hans P. 1978 . “The Microeconomics of Induced Technical Change,” in Induced Innovation . Hans P. Binswanger and Vernon Ruttan, editors. Baltimore : Johns Hopkins University Press . Bleeke, J. and D. Ernst. 1995 . “Is Your Strategic Alliance Really a Sale?” Harvard Business Review , 73(1): 97-105 . Borrus, Michael. 1997 . Testimony before the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Science, Subcommittee on Technology. April 10. http://www.house.gov/science/borrus 4-10.html . Borrus, Michael and Jay Stowsky. 1998 . “Technology Policy and Economic Growth,” in Investing in Innovation: Creating a Research and Innovation Policy . L. M. Branscomb and J. Keller, editors. Cambridge, MA : MIT Press . Brander, J. A. and B. J. Spencer. 1983 . “International R&D Rivalry and Industrial Strategy.” Review of Economic Studies , 50(4): 707-722 . Brander, J. A. and B. J. Spencer. 1985 . “Export Subsidies and International Market Share Rivalry.” Journal of International Economics , 18(1-2): 83-100 . Branscomb, L. M. and Philip E. Auerswald. 2001 . Taking Technical Risks: How Innovators, Managers and Investors Manage Risk in High-Tech Innovation . Cambridge, MA : MIT Press . Branscomb, L. M. and R. Florida. 1998 . “Challenges to Technology Policy in a Changing World Economy,” in Investing in Innovation: Creating a Research and Innovation Policy . L. M. Branscomb and J. Keller, editors. Cambridge, MA : MIT Press . Branscomb, L. M. and J. Keller, editors. 1998 . Investing in Innovation: Creating a Research and Innovation Policy . Cambridge, MA : MIT Press . Branscomb, L. M., K. P. Morse, and M. J. Roberts. 2000 . Managing Technical Risk: Understanding Private Sector Decision Making on Early Stage Technology-based Projects . NIST GCR 00787. April. Bresnahan, Timothy. 1986 . “Measuring the Spillovers from Technical Advance: Mainframe Computers in Financial Services.” American Economic Review , 76(4): 742-755 . Brown, G. and J. Turner. 1999 . “Reworking the Federal Role in Small Business Research.” Issues in Science and Technology , 15(4): 51 . Brown, M. 1995 . Impacts of National Technology Programs . Paris : OECD . Chang, Connie K. N. 1998 . “A New Lexicon and Framework for Analyzing the Internal Structures of the U.S. ATP and Its Analogues Around the World.” Journal of Technology Transfer , 23(2): 67-73 . Chang, Connie K. N. 1998 . ATP Eligibility Criteria for U.S. Subsidiaries of Foreign-owned Companies: Legislation, Implementation, and Results . NISTIR 6099. January. Clinton, William J. and Albert Gore, Jr. 1994 . Science in the National Interest . Washington, D.C. : Executive Office of the President . Coburn, Christopher and Dan Berglund. 1995 . Partnerships: A Compendium of State and Federal Cooperative Technology Programs . Columbus, OH : Battelle Press . Cohen, L. 1998 . “Dual-use and the Technology Reinvestment Project,” in Investing in Innovation: Creating a Research and Innovation Policy. L.M. Branscomb and J. Keller, editors. Cambridge, MA : MIT Press , pp. 174-193 . Cohen, L. R. and R. G. Noll. 1991 . The Technology Pork Barrel . Washington, D.C. : The Brookings Institution . Cohen, Wesley M. and Daniel A. Levinthal. 1990 . “Absorptive Capacity: A New Perspective on Learning and Innovation.” Administrative Science Quarterly , 35(March): 128-152 .

OCR for page 303
Page 305 Cohen, Wesley M. and John Walsh. Forthcoming. R&D Spillovers, Appropriability, and R&D Intensity: A Survey-Based Approach . Gaithersburg, MD : National Institute of Standards and Technology . CONSAD Research Corporation. 1997 . Advanced Technology Program Case Study: The Development of Advanced Technologies and Systems for Controlling Dimensional Variation in Automobile Body Manufacturing . NIST GCR 97-709. March. Council on Competitiveness. 1991 . Gaining New Ground: Technology Priorities for America's Future . Washington, D.C. Council on Competitiveness. 1994 . Critical Technologies Update 1994 . Washington, D.C. Council of Economic Advisers. 1995 . Supporting Research and Development to Promote Economic Growth: The Federal Government's Role . Washington, D.C. : Executive Office of the President . Council of Economic Advisors. 2001 . Economic Report of the President . Washington, D.C. : U.S. Government Printing Office . January. David, Paul A., Bronwyn H. Hall, and Andrew A. Toole. Is Public R&D a Complement or a Substitute for Private R&D? A Review of the Econometric Evidence . NBER Working Paper No. 7373. David, Paul A., Bronwyn H. Hall, and Andrew A. Toole. 2000 . “Is Public R&D a Complement or Substitute for Private R&D? A Review of the Econometric Evidence.” Research Policy , 29(4-5): 497-529 . Dixit, A. K. and A. S. Kyle. 1985 . “The Use of Protection and Subsidies for Entry Promotion and Deterence.” American Economic Review , 75(1): 139-152 . Doz, Y. 1996 . “The Evolution of Cooperation in Strategic Alliances: Initial Conditions or Learning Processes?” Strategic Management Journal , 17(Summer): 55-83 . Dyer, Jeffrey and Benjamin Powell. Forthcoming. Perspectives on Success and the Determinants of Success in ATP-Sponsored R&D Joint Ventures: The Views of Participants in 18 Automobile Manufacturing Projects . GCR 00-803. Evensong, Robert, Paul Wagoner, and Vernon Ruttan. 1979 . “Economic Benefits from Research: An Example from Agriculture.” Science , 205(4411): 1101-07 . Fallows, J. 1994 . Looking into the Sun: The Rise of the New East Asian Economic and Political System . New York : Pantheon Books . Feldman, Maryann P. and Maryellen R. Kelley. 2000 . “The Case for Government R&D Additionally: An Investigation of the Advanced Technology Program Selection Process.” Paper presented at the National Bureau of Economic Research Summer Institute session on Productivity, Science, and R&D. Feldman, Maryann P., Maryellen R. Kelley, with Joshua Schaff and Gabriel Farkas. 2000 . “Reinforcing Interactions between the Advanced Technology Program and State Technology Programs. Volume II: How the States Assist High-Tech Start-up Companies.” NISTIR 6523. June. Flamm, K. 1988 . Creating the Computer . Washington, D.C. : The Brookings Institution . Flamm, K. 1996 . Mismanaged Trade? Strategic Policy and the Semiconductor Industry . Washington, D.C. : The Brookings Institution . Flax, Alexander. 1999 . Personal communication. National Academy of Engineering . September. Fogel, Robert W. 1964 . Which Road to the Past?: Two Views of History . New Haven, CT : Yale University Press . Fossman, Donna, et al. 2000 . Discovery and Innovation: Federal Research and Development Activities in the Fifty States, District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico . Science and Technology Policy Institute , MR-1194-OSTP. Foster Associates. 1978 . A Survey on New Rates of Return on Innovations . Report to the National Science Foundation. May. Gansler, Jacques. 1997 . Presentation in National Research Council, International Friction and Cooperation in High-Technology Development and Trade . Charles W. Wessner, editor. Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press .

OCR for page 303
Page 306 Georghiou, Luke and David Roessner. 2000 . “Evaluating Technology Programs: Tools and Methods.” Research Policy , 29(4-5): 657-678 . Gittelman, Michelle and Bruce Kogut. 2000 . “Why Do Firms Publish Their Research (By Their Own Scientists?): Publication and Patenting by U.S. Biotechnology Firms.” Paper presented at the Western Economic Association meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia. 1 July. Gompers, Paul. 1995 . “Optimal investment, monitoring, and the staging of venture capital.” Journal of Finance , 50(5): 1461-89 . Gompers, Paul and Josh Lerner. 2000 . The Venture Capital Cycle . Cambridge, MA : The MIT Press . Gordon, Robert. “Has the ‘New Economy' Rendered the Productivity Slowdown Obsolete?” Manuscript. Northwestern University . June 12, 1999 . Graham, Otis L. 1992 . Losing Time: The Industrial Policy Debate . Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press . Griliches, Z. 1958 . “Research Costs and Social Returns: Hybrid Corn and Related Innovations.” Journal of Political Economy , 66: 419 . Griliches, Z. 1990 . The Search for R&D Spillovers . Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press . Griliches, Z. 1992 . “The Search for R&D Spillovers.” Scandinavian Journal of Economics , 94(Supplement): 29-47 . Grindley, P., D. Mowery, and B. Silverman. 1994 . “SEMATECH and Collaborative Research: Lessons in the Design of High-Technology Consortia.” Journal of Policy Analysis and Management , 14(4): 723-758 . Grossman, G. and E. Helpman. 1993 . Innovation and Growth in the Global Economy . Cambridge, MA : MIT Press . Guellec, D. and B. von Pottelsbughe. 2000 . “The Impact of Public R&D Expenditures in Business R&D.” Paper presented to National Bureau of Economic Research Summer Institute. July. Hagedoorn, John, Albert N. Link, and Nicholas S. Vonortas. 2000 . “Research Partnerships.” Research Policy , 29(4-5): 567-586 . Hall Bronwyn H. and J. van Reenen. 2000 . “How Effective Are Fiscal Incentives for R&D? A New Review of the Evidence.” Research Policy , 29(4-5): 449-469 . Hall, Bronwyn H., Albert N. Link, and John T. Scott. Forthcoming. Universities as Research Partners in ATP-Funded Projects . Gaithersburg, MD : National Institute for Standards and Technology . Hallacher, P. M. 2000 . Effects of Policy Subsystem Structure on Policymaking: the Case of the Advance Technology Program and the Manufacturing Extension Partnership . University Park, PA : Pennsylvania State University . Hamel, G. 1991 . “Competition for Competence and Inter-Partner Learning Within International Strategic Alliances.” Strategic Management Journal , 12(Summer): 83-103 . Hannan, M. T. and J. H. Freeman. 1984 . “Structural Inertia and Organizational Change.” American Sociological Review , 49(2): 149-164 . Harrigan, K. R. 1985 . Strategies for Joint Ventures . New York : The Free Press . Harrigan, K. R. 1988 . “Joint Ventures and Competitive Strategy.” Strategic Management Journal , 9(March-April): 141-158 . Hart, David M. 1998 . Forged Consensus: Science, Technology, and Economic Policy in the United States, 1921-1953 . Princeton : Princeton University Press . Hauben, Michael and Ronda Hauben. 1998 . Netizens: On the History and Impact of Usenet and the Internet . http://www.columbia.edu/~rh120/ . Hawley, Ellis W. 1966 . The New Deal and the Problem of Monopoly . Princeton : Princeton University Press . Hertzfeld, H.R. 1985 . “Measuring the Economic Impact of Federal Research and Development Investment in Civilian Space Activities.” Paper prepared for the Workshop on the Federal Role in Research and Development . Washington, D.C. : National Academies of Sciences and Engineering .

OCR for page 303
Page 307 Hill, C. 1998 . “The Advanced Technology Program: Opportunities for Enhancement,” in Investing in Innovation: Creating a Research and Innovation Policy . L.M. Branscomb and J. Keller, editors. Cambridge, MA : MIT Press , pp. 143-173 . Hofstadter, Richard. 1948 . The American Political Tradition and the Men Who Made it . New York : Alfred A. Knepf . Horrigan, J. 1999 . “Cooperating Competitors: A Comparison of MCC and SEMATECH.” Monograph. Washington, D.C. : National Research Council . Hounshell, D. 1985 . From the American System to Mass Production , 1800-1932 . Baltimore : Johns Hopkins University Press . Hudgins, Edward L. Testimony before the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation . 1 August 1995 . Inkpen, A. C. 1995 . The Management of International Joint Ventures: An Organizational Learning Perspective . London : Routledge . Jaffe, Adam B. 1996 . Economic Analysis of Research Spillovers: Implications for the Advanced Technology Program . NIST GCR 97-708. Brandeis University and National Bureau of Economic Research . December. Jaffe, Adam B. 1997 . “The Importance of ‘Spillovers' in the Policy Mission of the Advanced Technology Program.” Journal of Technology Transfer . 23(2): 11-19 . Johnson, Chalmers. 1982 . MITI and the Japanese Miracle: The Growth of Industrial Policy 1925-1975 . Stanford, CA : Stanford University Press . Jonietz, Erika. 2001 . “Sourcing Stem Cells: Could New Research End the Embryo Debate?” Technology Review , (January/February): 32 . Jorgenson, Dale and Kevin Stiroh. 2000 . “Raising the Speed Limit: U.S. Economic Growth in the Information Age.” Brookings Papers on Economic Activity . pp. 125-235 . Jovanovic, Boyan. 2000 . “Growth Theory.” NBER Working Paper 7468. Washington, D.C. : National Bureau of Economic Research . Kale, P. J., J. H. Dyer, and H. Singh. 2000 . Alliance Capability, Stock Market Response, and Long Term Alliance Success . Paper presented at Academy of Management Conference, Toronto, Canada. Kelley, M. R. 1997 . “From Mission to Commercial Orientation: Perils and Possibilities for Federal Industrial Technology Policy.” Economic Development Quarterly , 11(4): 313-328 . Kelly, M. R. and C. R. Cook. 1998 . The Institutional Context and Manufacturing Performance: The Case of the U.S. Defense Industrial Network . NBER Working Paper W6460. Kenney, Martin, editor. 2000 . Understanding Silicon Valley: The Anatomy of an Entrepreneurial Region . Stanford, CA : Stanford University Press . Khanna, T., R. Gulati, and N. Nohria. 1998 . “The Dynamics of Learning Alliances: Competition, Cooperation, and Relative Scope.” Strategic Management Journal , 19 (3): 193-210 . Kleinman, D. L. 1995 . Politics on the Endless Frontier: Postwar Research Policy in the United States . Durham, NC : Duke University Press . Klette, T. J., J. Møen, and Z. Griliches. 2000 . “Do Subsidies to Commercial R&D Reduce Market Failures? Microeconomic Evaluation Studies.” Research Policy , 29(4-5): 471-495 . Kogut, B. 1989 . “The Stability of Joint Ventures: Reciprocity and Competitive Rivalry.” Journal of Industrial Economics , 38(2): 183-98 . Koopmann, G. and Hans-Eckart Scharrer, editors. 1996 . The Economics of High-Technology Competition and Cooperation in Global Markets . Baden-Baden : HWWA (Institute for Economic Research) . Krugman, P. 1990 . Rethinking International Trade . Cambridge, MA : MIT Press . Krugman, P. 1991 . Geography and Trade . Cambridge, MA : MIT Press . Krugman, P. 1994 . Peddling Prosperity . New York : W.W. Norton . Krugman, P. and M. Obstfeldt. 1994 . International Economics: Theory and Policy . 3rd Edition. New York : Harper Collins College Publishers .

OCR for page 303
Page 308 Laidlaw, F. 1997 . Acceleration of Technology Development by the Advanced Technology Program: The Experience of 28 Projects Funded in 1991 . NISTIR 6047. October. Larson, C. F. 2000 . “The Boom in Industry Research.” Issues in Science and Technology , 16(4): 27 . Lebow, I. 1995 . Information Highways and Byways: From the Telegraph to the 21st Century . New York : Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers . Lerner, J. 1999 . “The Government as Venture Capitalist: The Long Run Impact of the SBIR Program.” Journal of Business , 72(3): 285-318 . Lerner, J. 1999 . ” ‘Public Venture Capital': Rationales and Evaluation,” in National Research Council, The Small Business Innovation Research Program: Challenges and Opportunities . Charles W. Wessner, editor. Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press . Lerner, J. and C. Kegler. 2000 . “Evaluating the Small Business Innovation Research Program: A Literature Review,” in National Research Council, The Small Business Innovation Research Program: An Assessment of the Department of Defense Fast Track Initiative . Charles W. Wessner, editor. Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press , pp. 309-314 . Liebeskind, Julia P. 1996 . “Knowledge, Strategy, and the Theory of the Firm.” Strategic Management Journal , 17(Winter): 93-107 . Liebeskind, Julia P. 1997 . “Keeping Organizational Secrets: Protective Institutional Mechanisms and their Costs.” Industrial and Corporate Change , 6(3): 623-663 . Link, A. N. 1993 . Advanced Technology Program: Economic Study of the Printed Wiring Board Joint Venture After Two Years . April. Link, A. N. 1996 . Economic Impact Assessments: Guidelines for Conducting and Interpreting Assessment Studies . NIST Planning Report 92-2. May. Link, A. N. 1996 . Evaluating Public Sector Research and Development . Westport, CT : Praeger . Link, A. N. 1997 . ATP Early Stage Impacts of the Printed Wiring Board Joint Venture , Assessed at Project End. NIST GCR 97-722. November. Link, A. N. 1998 . “Public/Private Partnerships as a Tool to Support Industrial R&D: Experiences in the United States.” Paper prepared for the working group on Innovation and Technology Policy of the OECD Committee for Science and Technology Policy, Paris . Link, A. N. and Laura L. Bauer. 1989 . Cooperative Research in U.S. Manufacturing: Assessing Policy Initiatives and Corporate Strategies . Lexington, MA : D. C. Heath . Link, Albert N. and Maryann P. Feldman, eds. 2001 . Innovation Policy in the Knowledge-based Economy . Boston : Kluwer Academic Publishers . Link, A. N., David J. Teece, and William F. Finan. 1996 . “Estimating the Benefits from Collaboration: The Case of SEMATECH.” Review of Industrial Organization . 11(5): 737-751 . Link, A. N., David B. Audretsch, Maryann P. Feldman, John E. Jankowski, Donald Siegel, Paula Stephan, Gregory Tassey, and Charles Wessner. Forthcoming. “The Economics of Science and Technology.” Journal of Technology Transfer . Long, William F. 1999 . Advanced Technology Program: Performance of Completed Projects—Status Report Number 1 . NIST Special Publication 950-1. March. Malone, T. 1995 . The Microprocessor: A Biography . Hamburg, Germany : Springer Verlag/Telos . Mann, Catherine. 1993 . Is the U.S. Trade Deficit Sustainable? Washington, D.C. : Institute for International Economics . Mansfield, E. 1968 . Industrial Research and Technological Innovation . New York : W. W. Norton . Mansfield, E. 1991 . “Academic Research and Industrial Innovation.” Research Policy , 20(1): 1-12 . Mansfield, E. 1991 . “Estimates of the Social Returns from Research and Development,” in AAAS Science and Technology Policy Yearbook . Meredith O. Meredith, Stephen D. Nelson, and Albert H. Teich, editors. Washington, D.C. : American Association for the Advancement of Science . pp. 313-320 . Mansfield, E. 1996 . Estimating Social and Private Returns from Innovations Based on the Advanced Technology Program: Problems and Opportunities . NIST GCR 99-780. January.

OCR for page 303
Page 309 Mansfield, E and L. Switzer. 1984 . “R&D Innovation: Some Empirical Findings,” in R&D, Patents, and Productivity . Z. Griliches, editor. Chicago : University of Chicago Press . Mansfield, E. et al. 1977 . “Social and private rates of return from industrial innovations.” Quarterly Journal of Economics , 91(2): 221–240 . Martin, S. A., D. L. Winfield, A. E. Kenyon, J. R. Farris, M. V. Bala, and T. H. Bingham. 1998 . A Framework for Estimating the National Economic Benefits of ATP Funding of Medical Technologies: Preliminary Applications to Tissue Engineering Projects Funded from 1990 to 1996 . NIST GCR 97-737. April. Marshall, Alfred. 1920 . Principles of Economics . London : Macmillan . Mauskopf, Josephine A. and Michael T. French. 1991 . “Estimating the Value of Avoiding Morbidity and Mortality from Foodborne Illnesses.” Risk Analysis , 11(4): 619-631 . McCartney, S. 1999 . ENIAC: The Triumphs and Tragedies of the World's First Computer . New York : Walker and Company . McCraw, T. 1986 . “Mercantilism and the Market: Antecedents of American Industrial Policy,” in The Politics of Industrial Policy . C. Barfield and W. Schambra, editors. Washington, D.C. : American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research . Moore, Michael J. and W. Kip Viscusi. 1988 . “The Quality-Adjusted Value of Life.” Economic Inquiry , 26(3): 369-388 . Moulton, B. R. and K. E. Moses. 1997 . “Addressing the Quality Change Issue in the Consumer Price Index.” Brookings Papers on Economic Activity I . pp. 305-366 . Mowery, D. 1985 . “Federal Funding of R&D in Transportation: The Case of Aviation.” Paper prepared for the Workshop on the Federal Role in Research and Development . Washington, D.C. : National Academies of Sciences and Engineering . Mowery, D. 1998 . “Collaborative R&D: How Effective is it?” Issues in Science and Technology , 15(1): 37-44 . Mowery, D. 2000 . “Using Cooperative Research and Development Arrangements as S&T Indicators: What do We Have and What Would We Like?” Presentation before National Science Foundation conference, Workshop on Strategic Research Partnerships , 13 October, Arlington, VA . Publication of proceedings pending. Mowery, D., J. E. Oxley, and B. S. Silverman. Forthcoming. Knowledge Spillovers and R&D Joint Ventures . Gaithersburg, MD : National Institute of Standards and Technology . Mowery, D. and N. Rosenberg. 1989 . Technology and the Pursuit of Economic Growth . New York : Cambridge University Press . Mowery, D. and N. Rosenberg. 1998 . Paths of Innovation: Technological Change in 20th Century America . New York : Cambridge University Press . Nadiri, I. 1993 . Innovations and Technological Spillovers . NBER Working Paper 4423. Washington, D.C : National Bureau of Economic Research . Narayanan, V. K., G. E. Pinches, J. M. Kelm, and D. M. Lander. 2000 . “The Influence of Voluntarily Disclosed Qualitative Information.” Strategic Management Journal , 21(7): 707-722 . National Advisory Committee on Semiconductors. 1989 . Semiconductors: A Strategic Industry at Risk . A Report to the President and the Congress. Washington, D.C. : Semiconductor Industry Association . National Advisory Committee on Semiconductors. 1991 . Toward a National Strategy for Semiconductors . Washington, D.C. : Semiconductor Industry Association . National Institute of Standards and Technology. Website. http://www.nist.gov/public affairs/update/ upd000410.htm#Health . National Institute of Standards and Technology. ATP Website. http://www.atp.gov . National Research Council. 1996 . Conflict and Cooperation in National Competition for High-Technology Industry . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press . National Research Council. 1997 . International Friction and Cooperation in High-Technology Development and Trade . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press .

OCR for page 303
Page 310 National Research Council. 1998 . Effectiveness of the United States Advanced Battery Consortium as a Government-Industry Partnership . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press . National Research Council. 1999 . The Advanced Technology Program: Challenges and Opportunities . Charles W. Wessner, editor. Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press . National Research Council. 1999 . Funding a Revolution: Government Support for Computing Research . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press . National Research Council. 1999 . “Government-Industry Partnerships in Biotechnology and Computing.” Conference Convened by the Committee on Government-Industry Partnerships for the Development of New Technologies. Washington, D.C. 25-26 October. National Research Council. 1999 . Industry-Laboratory Partnerships: A Review of the Sandia Science and Technology Park Initiative . Charles W. Wessner, editor. Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press . National Research Council. 1999 . New Vistas in Transatlantic Science and Technology Cooperation . Charles W. Wessner, editor. Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press . National Research Council. 1999 . Securing America's Industrial Strength . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press . National Research Council. 1999 . The Small Business Innovation Research Program: Challenges and Opportunities . Charles W. Wessner, editor. Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press . National Research Council. 1999 . U.S. Industry in 2000: Studies in Competitive Performance . David Mowery, editor. Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press . National Research Council. 2000 . “Measuring and Sustaining the New Economy.” Conference Convened by the Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy. Washington, D.C. 6 October. National Research Council. 2000 . “National Programs to Support the Semiconductor Industry.” Conference Convened by the Committee on Government-Industry Partnerships for the Development of New Technologies. Washington, D.C. 20 October. National Research Council. 2000 . Review of the Research Program of the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles: Sixth Report . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press . National Research Council. 2000 . The Small Business Innovation Research Program: An Assessment of the Department of Defense Fast Track Initiative . Charles W. Wessner, editor. Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press . National Research Council. 2001 . A Review of the New Initiatives at the NASA Ames Research Center . Charles W. Wessner, editor. Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press . National Science Board. 1998 . Science & Engineering Indicators—1998 . Washington, D.C. : U.S. Government Printing Office . National Science Foundation. 2000 . State Science and Engineering Profiles and R&D Patterns . NSF 00-329. Arlington, VA : National Science Foundation . September. Nelson, R. R. 1982 . Government and Technological Progress . New York : Pergamon . Nelson, R. R. 1986 . “Institutions supporting technical advances in industry.” American Economic Review, Papers and Proceedings , 76(2): 188 . Nelson, R. R. 1992 . “What Is ‘Commercial' and What Is ‘Public' about Technology, and What Should Be?”, in Technology and the Wealth of Nations . Nathan Rosenberg, Ralph Landau, and David Mowery, editors. Stanford, CA : Stanford University Press , pp. 57-71 . Nelson, R. R., editor. 1993 . National Innovation System: A Comparative Study . New York : Oxford University Press . Nelson, R. R. 1996 . “Capitalism as an Engine of Innovation,” in The Sources of Economic Growth . Richard R.R., editor. Cambridge and London : Harvard University Press , pp. 52-83 . Noll, R. and L. R. Cohen. 1991 . The Technology Pork Barrel . Washington, D.C. : The Brookings Institution . Office of Science and Technology Policy. Fact Sheet on How Federal R&D Investments Drive the U.S. Economy . Executive Office of the President. June 15, 2000 . http://wwwes.ucsd.edu/stpp/whouse(rp).htm#06153.doc .

OCR for page 303
Page 311 Okimoto, D. T. 1986 . “The Japanese Challenge in High Technology Industry,” in National Research Council, The Positive Sum Strategy . R. Landau and N. Rosenberg, editors. Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press . Okimoto, D. T. 1989 . MITI and the Market: Japanese Industrial Policy for High Technology Industry . Stanford, CA : Stanford University Press . Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988. (Public Law 100-418). Ouchi, W. G. and M. K. Bolton. 1988 . “The Logic of Joint Research and Development.” California Management Review , 30(3): 9-33 . Perret, G. 1989 . A Country Made by War: From the Revolution to Vietnam—The Story of America's Rise to Power . New York : Random House . Powell, Jeanne. 1997 . The ATP's Business Reporting System: A Tool for Economic Evaluation. The Evolution of Firms and Industries . Helsinki, Finland : Tilastokesus Statistikcentralen Statistics Finland . Powell, Jeanne. 1997 . Development, Commercialization, and Diffusion of Enabling Technologies: Progress Report for Projects Funded 1993-1995. NISTIR 6098. December. Powell, Jeanne. 1998 . Small-Firm Experience in the Advanced Technology Program . Unpublished report. Gaithersburg, MD : National Institute of Standards and Technology . Powell, Walter W., Kenneth W. Koput, and Laurel Smith-Doerr. 1996 . “Interorganizational Collaboration and the Locus of Innovation: Networks of Learning in Biotechnology.” Administrative Science Quarterly , 41(1): 116-145 . President's Commission on Industrial Competitiveness. 1985 . Global Competition: The New Reality . Washington, D.C. : U.S. Government Printing Office . 2 volumes. Prestowitz, Clyde V. Trading Places . New York : Basic Books . 1988 . PRNewswire. 2000 . Report on results from Hackensack/Aastrom Studies . 19 April. Reise, P. C. 1985 . “Economics Measures of the Returns to R&D,” in National Research Council, Papers Commissioned for a Workshop on the Federal Role in Research and Development . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press , pp. 89-114 . Research Triangle Institute. 1998 . Framework for Evaluating the Economic Benefits to the Nation of Medical Technologies Funded by the ATP, with Preliminary Application to Tissue Engineering Projects Funded by ATP from 1990 to 1996 . NIST GCR 97-737. Romer, P. 1990 . “Endogenous Technological Change.” Journal of Political Economy , 98(5): 71-102 . Rosenberg, N. 1985 . “A Historical Overview of the Evolution of Federal Investment in Research and Development since World War II,” in Papers Commissioned for a Workshop on the Federal Role in Research and Development . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press , pp. 1-36 . Routti, Jorma and William Cannell. 1999 . “European Union Research Programs,” in National Research Council, New Vistas in Transatlantic Science and Technology Cooperation . Charles W. Wessner, editor. Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press , p. 103 . Rueggz, Rosalie T. 1996 . Guidelines for Economic Evaluation of the Advanced Technology Program . NISTIR 5896. November. Ruegg, Rosalie T. 1997 . The Advanced Technology Program's Evaluation Plan and Progress . Paper presented at the 7th International Forum on Technology Management, Kyoto, Japan . November. Ruegg, Rosalie T. 1998 . “The Advanced Technology Program, Its Evaluation Plan, and Progress in Implementation,” Journal of Technology Transfer , 23(2): 5-10 . Ruegg, Rosalie T. 2000 . Presentation before the National Grants Management Association's Annual Conference, Federal Bar Association Panel. 4 April. Ruegg, Rosalie T. et al. Forthcoming. Performance of 50 Completed Projects—Status Report Number 2 . NIST Special Publication 950-2. Sako, Mari. 1992 . Prices, Quality, and Trust: Inter-firm Relations in Britain & Japan . New York : Cambridge University Press . Sako, Mari. 1994 . “Supplier Relationships and Innovation,” in The Handbook of Industrial Innovation . Mark Dodgson and Roy Rothwell, editors. Cheltenham, UK , and Brookfield, MA : Elgar .

OCR for page 303
Page 312 Samuels, Richard. 1994 . Rich Nation, Strong Army: National Security and the Technological Transformation of Japan . Ithaca, NY : Cornell University Press . Saxenian, A. 1994 . Regional Advantage: Culture and Competition in Silicon Valley and Route 128 . Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press . Schachtel, Marsha R. B. and M. Feldman. 2000 . Reinforcing Interactions Between the Advanced Technology Program and State Technology Programs: Volume 1, A Guide to State Business Assistance Programs for New Technology Creation and Commercialization . NIST GCR 00-788. April. Schmitz, A. and D. Seckler. 1970 . “Mechanized Agriculture and Social Welfare: The Case of the Tomato Harvester.” American Journal of Agricultural Economics , 52(4): 569-577 . Silber, Bonnie; Silber & Associates. 1996 . Survey of Advanced Technology Program 1990-1992 Awardees: Company Opinion about the ATP and its Early Effects . NIST GCR 97-707. Simpson, Glenn R. 2001 . “Why Chip Firms want U.S. SVG to go to Dutch.” The Wall Street Journal . New York : Dow Jones and Company . April 26. p. B1 . Spender, J. C. 1997 . “Publicly Supported Non-Defense R&D: the USA's Advanced Technology Program.” Science and Public Policy , 24(1): 45-52 . Stowsky, J. 1996 . “Politics and Policy: The Technology Reinvestment Program and the Dilemmas of Dual Use.” Mimeo . University of California . Solomon Associates. 1993 . The Advanced Technology Program: An Assessment of Short-Term Impacts: First Competition Participants . Solomon Associates , February. Susaki, Hajime. 2000 . “Japanese Semiconductor Industry's Competitiveness: LSI Industry in Jeopardy,” Nikkei Microdevices . December. Teece, David J. 1992 . “Competition, Cooperation and Innovation: Organizational Arrangements for Regimes of Rapid Technological Progress.” Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization , 18: 1-25 . Teece, D. J. et al. 1997 . “Dynamic Capabilities and Strategic Management.” Strategic Management Journal , 18(7): 509-533 . Teich, Albert H. 1985 . “Federal Support of Applied Research: A Review of the United States Experience,” in Papers Commissioned for a Workshop on the Federal Role in Research and Development . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press , pp. 37-58 . Thompson, Robert Luther. 1947 . Wiring a Continent: The History of the Telegraph Industry in the United States, 1823-1836 . Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press . Torrance, George W. and David Feeny. 1989 . “Utilities and Quality-Adjusted Life Years.” International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care , 5: 559-575 . Trajtenberg, Manuel. Forthcoming. “R&D Policy in Israel: An Overview and Reassessment,” in Technology Policy for the Knowledge-Based Economy . M. P. Feldman and A. N. Link, editors. Boston : Kluwer Academic Publishers . Tyson, Laura D'Andrea. 1992 . Who's Bashing Whom? Trade Conflict on High Technology Industries . Washington, D.C. : Institute for International Economics . U.S. General Accounting Office. 1994 . Advanced Technology: Proposal Review Process and Treatment of Foreign-Owned Businesses . RCED-94-81. Washington, D.C. : U.S. General Accounting Office . U.S. General Accounting Office. 1995 . Performance Measurement: Efforts to Evaluate the Advanced Technology Program . RCED-95-68. Washington, D.C. : U.S. General Accounting Office . U.S. General Accounting Office. 1996 . Effectively Implementing the Government Performance and Results Act . GGD-96-118. Washington, D.C. : General Accounting Office . U.S. General Accounting Office. 1996 . Measuring Performance: The Advanced Technology Program and Private-Sector Funding . RCED-96-47. Washington, D.C. : U.S. General Accounting Office .

OCR for page 303
Page 313 U.S. General Accounting Office. 1998 . Federal Research: Information on the Advanced Technology Program's 1997 Award Selection: Statement of Susan D. Kladiva before the Subcommittee on Technology, Committee on Science, U.S. House of Representatives . T-RCED-98-92. Washington, D.C. : U.S. General Accounting Office . U.S. General Accounting Office. 2000 . Advanced Technology Program: Inherent Factors in Selection Process Could Limit Identification of Similar Research . RCED-00-114. Washington, D.C. : U.S. General Accounting Office . U.S. Trade Deficit Review Commission. Website: http://www.ustrdc.gov . von Hippel, Eric. 1988 . The Sources of Innovation . New York : Oxford University Press . Wallsten, Scott J. 1998 . “Rethinking the Small Business Innovation Research Program,” in Investing in Innovation: Creating a Research and Innovation Policy that Works . Lewis Branscomb and James Keller, editors. Cambridge, MA : MIT Press Wang, A. J. 1998 . “Key Concepts in Evaluating Outcomes of ATP Funding of Medical Technologies.” Journal of Technology Transfer , 23(2): 61-65 . Watkins, Todd A. and Theodore W. Schlie. 2000 . “Diffusion Pathways for Advanced Photonics and Optoelectronics Technologies.” Paper presented at the Western Economics Association conference, Vancouver, British Columbia. 1 July. World Bank. 1993 . The East Asian Economic Miracle: Economic Growth and Public Policy . New York : Oxford University Press . Yager, L. and R. Schmidt. 1997 . The Advanced Technology Program: A Case Study in Federal Technology Policy . Washington, D.C. : American Enterprise Institute . Zachary, G. P. 1997 . Endless Frontier: Vannevar Bush, Engineer of the American Century . New York : The Free Press .

OCR for page 303
Page 314