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logical counseling, relief of nausea, or other symptom management) that is not coded as pain or hospice.
In addition to the research grants, $1.7 million was spent in 1999 on training grants related to end-of-life or palliative care (Begg, 2000). Altogether, the 1999 NCI expenditure on palliative and hospice care was just over $26 million, or about 0.9 percent of the total 1999 budget of $2.9 billion.