Page 49

Ferrell B, Virani R, Grant M, et al. Beyond the Supreme Court decision: nursing perspectives on end-of-life care. Oncology Nursing Forum 2000; 27(3): 445-455 .

Freeman HP, Payne R. Racial injustice in health care. New England Journal of Medicine 2000; 342: 1045-1047 .

Hilden JM, Emanuel EJ, Fairclough DL, Link MP, Foley KM, Clarridge BC, Schnipper LE, Mayer RJ. Attitudes and practices among pediatric oncologists regarding end-of-life care: results of the 1998 American Society of Clinical Oncology survey. JCO 2001; 19: 205-212 .

Hogan C, Lynn J, Gabel J, Lunney J, O'Mara A, Wilkinson A. 2000 A statistical profile of decedents in the Medicare program . Washington, D.C. , Medicare Payment Advisory Commission .

Hudgings C. National Institute on Nursing Research, personal communication to Hellen Gelband, 2000.

Institute of Medicine (IOM). 1997 . Approaching Death: Improving Care at the End of Life , Field MJ, Cassel CK, eds. Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press .

IOM. 1999 . Ensuring Quality Cancer Care , Hewitt M, Simone JV, eds. Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press .

IOM. 2000 . Enhancing Data Systems to Improve the Quality of Cancer Care , Hewitt M, Simone JV, eds. Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press .

Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations. Background on the Development of the Joint Commission Standards on Pain Management, July 31, 2000. JCAHO Web site, http://www.jcaho.org/trkhco_frm.html.

Lagnado L. Rules are rules: hospice's patients beat the odds, so Medicare decides to crack down—terminally ill who don't die within a 6-month period risk losing coverage—Al Ouimet's 9-year survival. Wall Street Journal June 5 , 2000.

Medicare Payment Advisory Commission (MedPAC). 1999 . Report to the Congress: Selected Medicare Issues . Washington, D.C. : MedPAC .

MedPAC. 2000 . Medicare Beneficiaries' Costs and Use of Care in the Last Year of Life . Washington, D.C. : MedPAC .

Morrison RS, Wallenstein S, Natale DK, et al. “We don't carry that”—failure of pharmacies in predominantly nonwhite neighborhoods to stock opioid analgesics. New England Journal of Medicine 2000; 342: 1023-1026 .

NHPCO (National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization). Facts and figures on hospice care in America. NHPCO Web site, January 10, 2001. www.nhpco.org.

Pfeifer MP, et al. The discussion of end-of-life medical care by primary care patients and physicians: a multicenter study using structured qualitative interviews. Journal of General Internal Medicine; 1994 ; 9(2): 82-88 .

Phillips RS, Hamel MB, Covinsky KE, Lynn J. Findings from SUPPORT and HELP: an introduction. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 2000; 48: S1-S5 .

President's Cancer Panel. 1998 . Cancer Care Issues in the United States: Quality of Care, Quality of Life . NCI Web site, http://deainfo.nci.nih.gov/ADVISORY/pcp/pcp97-98rpt/pcp97-98rpt.htm#letter.

Schroeder SA. The legacy of SUPPORT. Annals of Internal Medicine 1999; 131(10): 780-782 .

Singer PA, Martin DK, Kelner M. Quality end of life care—patients' perspectives. JAMA 1999; 281: 163-168 .

SUPPORT Principal Investigators. A controlled trial to improve care for seriously ill hospitalized patients. JAMA 1995; 274(20): 1591-1598 .

World Health Organization. 1990 . Cancer Pain Relief and Palliative Care . World Health Organization Technical Report Series 804. Geneva .



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement