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References

ACOEM (American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine) . 1992 . Scope of Occupational and Environmental Health Programs and Practice . Journal of Occupational Medicine 34(4) : 436–440 .

AOEC (Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics) . 1987 . Patient Bill of Rights . Available online at < www.aoec.org/princip.htm > .

CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) . 1988 . Final Recommendations for Protecting Health and Safety Against Potential Adverse Effects of Long-Term Exposure to Low Doses of Agents : GA, GB, VX Mustard Agent (H, HD, T) and Lewisite (L). Federal Register, Vol. 53, No. 50, March 15 .

CDC. 2000 . Technical Investigation Report: Release of GB at the Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility (TOCDF) on May 8–9, 2000 . Atlanta, Ga. : National Center for Environmental Health .

EG&G (Edgerton, Germeshausen and Grier, Incorporated) . 1994 . CEMS Monitoring Plan . Revision 1, May 1994. CDRL (LO210) . Tooele, Utah. EG&G Defense Materials, Inc.

EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) . 2000 . Information Sheet 1. Dioxin : Summary of the Dioxin Reassessment Science . Washington, D.C. Environmental Protection Agency , Office of Research and Development . Also available online at < www.epa.gov/ncea/pdfs/dioxin/factsheets/dioxin_short.pdf > .

Groenewold, G.S. , J.C. Ingram , A.D. Appelhans , J.E. Delmore , and D.H. Dahl . 1995 . Detection of 2-chloroethyl ethyl sulfide and sulfonium ion degradation products on environmental surfaces using static SIMS . Environmental Science and Technology 29 : 2107–2111 .

Groenewold, G.S. , A.D. Appelhans , J.C. Ingram , G.L. Gresham , and A.K. Gianotto . 1998 . Detection of 2-chloroethyl ethyl sulfide on soil particles using ion trap secondary ion mass spectrometry . Talanta 47 : 981–986 .

Groenewold, G.S. , A.D. Appelhans , G.L. Gresham , J.E. Olson , J. Jeffery , and J.B. Wright . 1999 . Analysis of VX on soil particles using ion trap secondary ionization mass spectrometry . Analytical Chemistry 71 : 2318–2323 .

Groenewold, G.S. , A.D. Appelhans , G.L. Gresham , J.E. Olson , J. Jeffery , and M. Weibel . 2000 . Characterization of VX on concrete using ion trap secondary ionization mass spectrometry . Journal of the American Society of Mass Spectrometry 11 : 69–77 .

IOM (Institute of Medicine) . 1993 . Veterans at Risk: The Health Effects of Mustard and Lewisite . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press .

IOM . 1999 . Chemical and Biological Terrorism: Research and Development to Improve Civilian Medical Response . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press .

Munro, N.B. , K.R. Ambrose , and A.P. Watson . 1994 . Toxicity of the organophosphate chemical warfare agents GA, GB, and VX: Implications for public protection . Environmental Health Perspectives 102(1) : 18–77 .

Munro, N.B. , S.S. Talmage , G.D. Griffin , L.C. Waters , A.P. Watson , J.F. King , and V. Hauschild . 1999 . The sources, fate, and toxicity of chemical warfare agent degradation products . Environmental Health Perspectives 107(12) : 933–974 .

NRC (National Research Council) . 1984 . Disposal of Chemical Munitions and Agents . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press .

NRC. 1994a . Recommendations for the Disposal of Chemical Agents and Munitions . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press .

NRC. 1994b . Review of Monitoring Activities Within the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press .

NRC. 1994c . Evaluation of the Johnston Atoll Chemical Agent Disposal System Operational Verification Testing: Part II . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press .

NRC. 1996 . Review of Systemization of the Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press .

NRC. 1997a . Risk Assessment and Management at Deseret Chemical Depot and the Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press .

NRC. 1997b . Review of Acute Human-Toxicity Estimates for Selected Chemical-Warfare Agents . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press .

NRC. 1999a . Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility: Update on National Research Council Recommendations . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press .

NRC. 1999b . Review and Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press .

NRC. 1999c . Review of the U.S. Army's Health Risk Assessments for Oral Exposure to Six Chemical-Warfare Agents . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press .

NRC. 2000a . Integrated Design of Alternative Technologies for Bulk-Only Chemical Agent Disposal Facilities . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press .

NRC. 2000b . Evaluation of Demonstration Test Results of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons : A Supplemental Review . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press .

NRC. 2000c . Strategies to Protect the Health of Deployed U.S. Forces : Detecting, Characterizing, and Documenting Exposures . T.E. McKone ,



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Page 32 References ACOEM (American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine) . 1992 . Scope of Occupational and Environmental Health Programs and Practice . Journal of Occupational Medicine 34(4) : 436–440 . AOEC (Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics) . 1987 . Patient Bill of Rights . Available online at < www.aoec.org/princip.htm > . CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) . 1988 . Final Recommendations for Protecting Health and Safety Against Potential Adverse Effects of Long-Term Exposure to Low Doses of Agents : GA, GB, VX Mustard Agent (H, HD, T) and Lewisite (L). Federal Register, Vol. 53, No. 50, March 15 . CDC. 2000 . Technical Investigation Report: Release of GB at the Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility (TOCDF) on May 8–9, 2000 . Atlanta, Ga. : National Center for Environmental Health . EG&G (Edgerton, Germeshausen and Grier, Incorporated) . 1994 . CEMS Monitoring Plan . Revision 1, May 1994. CDRL (LO210) . Tooele, Utah. EG&G Defense Materials, Inc. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) . 2000 . Information Sheet 1. Dioxin : Summary of the Dioxin Reassessment Science . Washington, D.C. Environmental Protection Agency , Office of Research and Development . Also available online at < www.epa.gov/ncea/pdfs/dioxin/factsheets/dioxin_short.pdf > . Groenewold, G.S. , J.C. Ingram , A.D. Appelhans , J.E. Delmore , and D.H. Dahl . 1995 . Detection of 2-chloroethyl ethyl sulfide and sulfonium ion degradation products on environmental surfaces using static SIMS . Environmental Science and Technology 29 : 2107–2111 . Groenewold, G.S. , A.D. Appelhans , J.C. Ingram , G.L. Gresham , and A.K. Gianotto . 1998 . Detection of 2-chloroethyl ethyl sulfide on soil particles using ion trap secondary ion mass spectrometry . Talanta 47 : 981–986 . Groenewold, G.S. , A.D. Appelhans , G.L. Gresham , J.E. Olson , J. Jeffery , and J.B. Wright . 1999 . Analysis of VX on soil particles using ion trap secondary ionization mass spectrometry . Analytical Chemistry 71 : 2318–2323 . Groenewold, G.S. , A.D. Appelhans , G.L. Gresham , J.E. Olson , J. Jeffery , and M. Weibel . 2000 . Characterization of VX on concrete using ion trap secondary ionization mass spectrometry . Journal of the American Society of Mass Spectrometry 11 : 69–77 . IOM (Institute of Medicine) . 1993 . Veterans at Risk: The Health Effects of Mustard and Lewisite . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press . IOM . 1999 . Chemical and Biological Terrorism: Research and Development to Improve Civilian Medical Response . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press . Munro, N.B. , K.R. Ambrose , and A.P. Watson . 1994 . Toxicity of the organophosphate chemical warfare agents GA, GB, and VX: Implications for public protection . Environmental Health Perspectives 102(1) : 18–77 . Munro, N.B. , S.S. Talmage , G.D. Griffin , L.C. Waters , A.P. Watson , J.F. King , and V. Hauschild . 1999 . The sources, fate, and toxicity of chemical warfare agent degradation products . Environmental Health Perspectives 107(12) : 933–974 . NRC (National Research Council) . 1984 . Disposal of Chemical Munitions and Agents . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press . NRC. 1994a . Recommendations for the Disposal of Chemical Agents and Munitions . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press . NRC. 1994b . Review of Monitoring Activities Within the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press . NRC. 1994c . Evaluation of the Johnston Atoll Chemical Agent Disposal System Operational Verification Testing: Part II . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press . NRC. 1996 . Review of Systemization of the Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press . NRC. 1997a . Risk Assessment and Management at Deseret Chemical Depot and the Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press . NRC. 1997b . Review of Acute Human-Toxicity Estimates for Selected Chemical-Warfare Agents . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press . NRC. 1999a . Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility: Update on National Research Council Recommendations . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press . NRC. 1999b . Review and Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press . NRC. 1999c . Review of the U.S. Army's Health Risk Assessments for Oral Exposure to Six Chemical-Warfare Agents . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press . NRC. 2000a . Integrated Design of Alternative Technologies for Bulk-Only Chemical Agent Disposal Facilities . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press . NRC. 2000b . Evaluation of Demonstration Test Results of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons : A Supplemental Review . Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press . NRC. 2000c . Strategies to Protect the Health of Deployed U.S. Forces : Detecting, Characterizing, and Documenting Exposures . T.E. McKone ,

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Page 33 B.M. Huey , E. Downing , and L.M. Duffy , eds. Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press . NTP (National Toxicology Program) . 2000 . 9th Report on Carcinogens . Washington, D.C. : U.S. Department of Health and Human Services . OTA (Office of Technology Assessment) . 1992 . Disposal of Chemical Weapons: An Analysis of Alternatives to Incineration . Washington, D.C. : Government Printing Office . Ruetter, S.A. , R.J. Mioduszewski , and S.A. Thomson . 2000 . Evaluation of Airborne Exposure Limits for VX: Worker and General Population Exposure Criteria . ECBC-TR-074 . Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: Edgewood Chemical Center , U.S. Army Soldier and Biological Chemical Command . Skipper P. , and J. Groopman . 1991 . Molecular Dosimetry and Human Cancer: Analytical, epidemiological, and social considerations . Boca Raton, Fla. : CRC Press . Smithson, A.E. 1993 . The Chemical Weapons Convention Handbook . Washington, D.C. : The Henry L. Stimson Center . U.S. Army . 1988 . Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (FPEIS) . Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md. : U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization . U.S. Army . 1990 . Occupational Health Guidelines for the Evaluation and Control of Occupational Exposure to Nerve Agents GA, GB, GD and VX. Pamphlet 40-8, December . Washington D.C. : U.S. Army Medical Services . U.S. Army . 1991 . Occupational Health Guidelines for the Evaluation and Control of Occupational Exposure to Mustard Agents H, HD and HT. Pamphlet 40-173, August . Washington, D.C. : U.S. Army Medical Services . U.S. Army . 1995 . Nuclear and Chemical Weapon and Materiel Chemical Surety . Army Regulation (AR) 50-6 , Chapter 3, paragraph 3-15 . Unclassified PIN: 031680-000 . Washington, D.C. : U.S. Army . U.S. Army . 1996a . Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility Quantitative Risk Assessment . SAIC-96/2600 . Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md. : U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization . U.S. Army . 1996b . Medical Surveillance for Potential Agent Exposure . PRP-MD-018 , April 5, 1996 . Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md. : U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization . U.S. Army . 1997a . Monitoring Concept Plan . Revision 3 , May 1997 . Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md. : U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization . U.S. Army . 1997b . Toxic Chemical Agent Safety Standards . Pamphlet 385-61 . Unclassified PIN: 074858-000 . Washington, D.C. : U.S. Army . U.S. Army . 1997c . Occupational Health and Hygiene Plan PL-40 . Revision ICI, November 3, 1997 . Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md. : U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization . U.S. Army . 1998a . Generic Medical Support Plan . February . Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md. : U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization . U.S. Army . 1998b . Generic Medical Continuing Quality Improvement Plan . Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md. : U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization . U.S. Army . 1998c . Heat Stress Prevention Program. September . Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md. : U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization . U.S. Army . 1999a . Derivation of Health-Based Environmental Screening Levels for Chemical Warfare Agents: A Technical Evaluation . Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md. : U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine . U.S. Army . 1999b . Generic Medical Implementation Plan . January . Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md. : U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization . U.S. Army . 1999c . JACADS Closure Campaign Planning Documents . Final Draft, June 21, 1999 . Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md. : U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization . U.S. Army . 1999d . Cholinesterase Monitoring Program . PRP-MD-006 , May 7 . Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md. : U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization . U.S. Army . 1999e . Medical Services Medical Record Administration and Health Care Documentation . AR 40-66 . Unclassified PIN: 045771-000 . Washington, D.C. : U.S. Army . U.S. Army . 2000a . Memorandum from Andrew Roach (PMCD) to Donald Siebenaler (NRC) on March 30, 2000 . Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md. : U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization . U.S. Army . 2000b . Memorandum from Richard Ward (PMATA) to Donald Siebenaler (NRC) on September 16, 2000 . Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md. : U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization . U.S. Army . 2000c . Medical Surveillance Program . Revision 6, Change 1 , March 9, 2000 . Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md. : U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization . Utah DSHW (Division of Solid and Hazardous Waste) . 1996 . Tooele Chemical Demilitarization Facility Screening Risk Assessment . UT5210090002 . Salt Lake City, Utah : Utah Department of Environmental Quality .

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