H
Acronyms and Abbreviations


AC

alternating current

AFBC

atmospheric fluidized-bed combustion

AGA

American Gas Association

APSE

advanced production Stirling engine

ARI

Advanced Refrigeration Institute

ASHRAE

American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-conditioning Engineers

ATS

advanced turbine systems


BACT

best available control technology

bbl

barrel

Bcf

billion cubic feet

BLAST

buildings loads analysis and systems thermodynamics

BPD

barrels per day

BTS

Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs

Btu

British thermal unit


CAA

Clean Air Act

CAAA

Clean Air Act Amendments

CAFE

corporate average fuel economy (standards)

CCB

coal combustion waste

CCT

clean coal technology

CDIF

component development and integration facility

CFCs

chlorofluorocarbons

CFFF

coal-fired flow facility

CFL

compact fluorescent lamp

CHP

combined heat and power

CIDI

compression-ignition direct-injection

CO

carbon monoxide

CO2

carbon dioxide

CPS

Office of Coal and Power Systems

CRADA

cooperative research and development agreement


DC

direct current

DCS

drilling, completion, and stimulation

DERD

directed exploratory R&D

DOC

Department of Commerce

DOD

Department of Defense

DOE

Department of Energy

DOT

Department of Transportation

DPCA

Distributed Power Coalition of America


EDS

Exxon donor solvent

EE

energy efficiency

EERE

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

EGSP

Eastern gas shale program

EIA

Energy Information Administration

EOR

enhanced oil recovery

EPA

Environmental Protection Agency

EPAct

Energy Policy Act

EPRI

Electric Power Research Institute

ERDA

Energy Research and Development Administration

EV

electric vehicle


FBC

fluidized-bed combustion

FCE

Fuel Cell Energy

FCV

fuel cell vehicle

FE

fossil energy

FEA

Federal Energy Administration

FEMP

Federal Energy Management Program

FGD

flue gas desulfurization

FPSE

free-piston Stirling engine


GAO

General Accounting Office

GDP

gross domestic product

GM

General Motors

GNP

gross national product

GOM

Gulf of Mexico

GPRA

Government Performance and Results Act

GTCC

gas turbine combined cycle



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OCR for page 222
Energy Research at DOE was it Worth it?: Energy Efficiency and Fossil Energy Research 1978 to 2000 H Acronyms and Abbreviations AC alternating current AFBC atmospheric fluidized-bed combustion AGA American Gas Association APSE advanced production Stirling engine ARI Advanced Refrigeration Institute ASHRAE American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-conditioning Engineers ATS advanced turbine systems BACT best available control technology bbl barrel Bcf billion cubic feet BLAST buildings loads analysis and systems thermodynamics BPD barrels per day BTS Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs Btu British thermal unit CAA Clean Air Act CAAA Clean Air Act Amendments CAFE corporate average fuel economy (standards) CCB coal combustion waste CCT clean coal technology CDIF component development and integration facility CFCs chlorofluorocarbons CFFF coal-fired flow facility CFL compact fluorescent lamp CHP combined heat and power CIDI compression-ignition direct-injection CO carbon monoxide CO2 carbon dioxide CPS Office of Coal and Power Systems CRADA cooperative research and development agreement DC direct current DCS drilling, completion, and stimulation DERD directed exploratory R&D DOC Department of Commerce DOD Department of Defense DOE Department of Energy DOT Department of Transportation DPCA Distributed Power Coalition of America EDS Exxon donor solvent EE energy efficiency EERE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy EGSP Eastern gas shale program EIA Energy Information Administration EOR enhanced oil recovery EPA Environmental Protection Agency EPAct Energy Policy Act EPRI Electric Power Research Institute ERDA Energy Research and Development Administration EV electric vehicle FBC fluidized-bed combustion FCE Fuel Cell Energy FCV fuel cell vehicle FE fossil energy FEA Federal Energy Administration FEMP Federal Energy Management Program FGD flue gas desulfurization FPSE free-piston Stirling engine GAO General Accounting Office GDP gross domestic product GM General Motors GNP gross national product GOM Gulf of Mexico GPRA Government Performance and Results Act GTCC gas turbine combined cycle

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Energy Research at DOE was it Worth it?: Energy Efficiency and Fossil Energy Research 1978 to 2000 GTI Gas Technology Institute (formerly Gas Research Institute (GRI)) GTL gas-to-liquids HAP hazardous air pollutant HCFCs hydrochlorofluorocarbons HSTF high-sulfur test facility HTI Hydrocarbon Technologies, Inc. HVAC high-voltage alternating current Hz hertz IAQ indoor air quality IAQI&V indor air quality, infiltration, and ventilation ICE internal combustion engine IEA International Energy Agency IFC International Fuel Cells IGCC integrated gasification combined cycle IGT Institute for Gas Technology IOF Industries of the Future IPST Institute of Paper Science and Technology kW kilowatt kWh kilowatt hour LBNL Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory LDV light-duty vehicle LEW low-emissivity window LNG liquefied natural gas MCFC molten carbonate fuel cell MHD magnetohydrodynamics MMBtu million British thermal units MMTCE millions of tons of coal equivalent MOU memorandum of understanding mpg miles per gallon MRI magnetic resonance imaging (equipment) MTG methanol-to-gasoline (technology) MW megawatt MWX Multiwell Experiment NAECA National Appliance Energy Conservation Act NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NBSLD National Bureau of Standards Load Determination NEDO New Energy Development Organization (Japan) NES National Energy Strategy NGCC natural gas combined cycle NGPT Office of Natural Gas and Petroleum Technology NIH National Institutes of Health NiMH nickel metal hydride NIPER National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology NMHCs nonmethane hydrocarbons NMOGs nonmethane organic gases NOx oxide of nitrogen NRC National Research Council NSF National Science Foundation OAAT Office of Advanced Automotive Technologies OIT Office of Industrial Technologies OPEC Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries OPT Office of Power Technologies ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory OTT Office of Transportation Technologies PAFC phosphoric acid fuel cell PDC polycrystalline diamond compact (drilling bit) PEM proton exchange membrane/polymer electrolyte membrane PFBC pressurized fluidized-bed combustion PM particulate matter PNGV Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles P4 Programmable Powdered Preform Process ppm parts per million Q quad RCRA Resource Conservation and Recovery Act R&D research and development RD&D research, development, and demonstration RDD&D research, development, demonstration, and deployment ROI return on investment SCR selective catalytic reduction SFC Synthetic Fuels Corporation SHGC solar heat gain coefficient SIDI spark-ignited, direct-injection SMES superconductivity magnetic energy storage SNCR selective noncatalytic reduction SO2 sulfur dioxide SOFC solid oxide fuel cells SRC-II solvent-refined coal STM Stirling thermal motors SUV sport utility vehicle SWPC Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation TBC thermal barrier coatings Tcf trillion cubic feet T&D transmission and distribution TORIS total oil recovery information system tpd tons per day UGR unconventional gas resources ULEV ultralow-emission vehicle UPS uninterruptible power supply

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Energy Research at DOE was it Worth it?: Energy Efficiency and Fossil Energy Research 1978 to 2000 USABC United States Advanced Battery Consortium USAMP United States Automotive Materials Partnership USCAR United States Council for Automotive Research VOCs volatile organic compunds VPSA vacuum-pressure swing adsorption WGSP Western gas sands program