Appendixes



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Energy Research at DOE was it Worth it?: Energy Efficiency and Fossil Energy Research 1978 to 2000 Appendixes

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Energy Research at DOE was it Worth it?: Energy Efficiency and Fossil Energy Research 1978 to 2000 This page in the original is blank.

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Energy Research at DOE was it Worth it?: Energy Efficiency and Fossil Energy Research 1978 to 2000 A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members Robert W.Fri, Chair, is director of the National Museum of Natural History at the Smithsonian Institution, and is senior fellow emeritus at Resources for the Future, where he served as president from 1986 to 1995. Before joining the Smithsonian, Mr. Fri served in both the public and private sectors, specializing in energy and environmental issues. In 1971 he became the first deputy administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency. In 1975, President Ford appointed him as the deputy administrator of the Energy Research and Development Administration. He served as acting administrator of both agencies for extended periods. From 1978 to 1986, Mr. Fri headed his own company, Energy Transition Corporation. He began his career with McKinsey & Company, where he was elected a principal. Mr. Fri is a senior advisor to private, public, and nonprofit organizations. He serves as a director of American Electric Power Company. He is currently a member of the National Petroleum Council, the U.S. Committee for the International Institute of Applied Systems Analysis, and the advisory board of the Center for the Integrated Study of the Human Dimensions of Global Change at Carnegie Mellon University. Mr. Fri is also a member of the University of Chicago Board of Governors for the Argonne National Laboratory. He received his B.A. in physics from Rice University and his M.B.A. (with distinction) from Harvard University and is a member of Phi Beta Kappa and Sigma Xi. William Agnew retired as director, Programs and Plans, General Motors Research Laboratories in 1989. He served in the Manhattan District from 1944 to 1946 and attended Purdue University from 1946 to 1952. From 1952 to 1989, he held a number of positions at GM Research Laboratories including department head, Fuels and Lubricants; head, Emissions Research Department; technical director, Engine Research, Engineering Mechanics, Mechanical Research, Fluid Dynamics, and Fuels and Lubricants departments; technical director, Biomedical Science, Environmental Science, Societal Analysis, and Transportation Research departments. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. His technical expertise spans internal combustion engines, gas turbines, engine performance, automotive air pollution, and automotive power plants. He has a Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from Purdue University. Peter D.Blair is executive director of the Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences of the National Research Council (NRC). Prior to joining the NRC, he was executive director of Sigma Xi, the Scientific Research Society. He has held a number of positions related to energy technology, energy policy, and energy economics. At the congressional Office of Technology Assessment (OTA), he was assistant director and director of the Division of Industry, Commerce and International Security. Formerly, he was program manager of energy and materials. In those positions, he was responsible for OTA’s research on energy and materials, transportation, infrastructure, international security and space, industry, and commerce. Dr. Blair was a cofounder and principal of Technecon Consulting Group, Inc., specializing in investment decisions related to, and management of, independent power projects, as well as contract research in the area of energy and environmental systems. His primary areas of interest are energy management, systems engineering, and energy policy analysis. He has a Ph.D. in energy management and policy from the University of Pennsylvania. Ralph Cavanagh codirects the Energy Program of the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), a nonprofit environment-advocacy organization that he joined in 1979. Mr. Cavanagh was a member of the board of E-Source, a Colorado-based energy services company, from 1992 until 1999. He has held appointments as a visiting professor at the Stanford and Boalt Hall (University of California at Berkeley) law schools and as a lecturer on law at the Harvard Law School. Before arriving at NRDC, Mr. Cavanagh was employed by the Department of Justice as an attorney advisor. He is a past member of the Energy Engineering Board of the

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Energy Research at DOE was it Worth it?: Energy Efficiency and Fossil Energy Research 1978 to 2000 National Academy of Sciences and the Advisory Council of the Electric Power Research Institute. Mr. Cavanagh is vice chair of the Center for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Technologies, which unites representatives of the environmental, energy efficiency, and renewable energy communities, and vice chair of the Bonneville Environmental Foundation. He is also a founding board member of the Northwest Energy Coalition. His awards include the Heinz Award for Public Policy in 1996 and the Bonneville Power Administration’s Award for Exceptional Public Service. He also serves on the Secretary of Energy’s Advisory Board. He received his undergraduate and law degrees from Yale University. Uma Chowdhry is the director of the DuPont Engineering Technology Company, where she has responsibility for business planning and operations in a leveraged service business. Dr. Chowdhry has held a variety of management positions within the DuPont portfolio of businesses, ranging from managing businesses in Electronics and Specialty Chemicals to directing research and development in the company’s specialty chemicals and electronics businesses as well as in its central R&D function. She is chair of the Peer Committee on Materials, which selects members for the National Academy of Engineering, and is a fellow of the American Ceramic Society. Dr. Chowdhry is a member of the advisory boards of such institutions as Princeton University, the University of Pennsylvania, and the University of Delaware. She recently served on an NRC committee for benchmarking materials science and engineering in the United States, and also serves on the Committee for Women in Science and Engineering appointed by the White House. Ms. Chowdhry has a master’s degree in engineering science from the California Institute of Technology and received her Ph.D. in materials science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Linda R.Cohen is chair of the Economics Department at the University of California at Irvine, where she has taught in various capacities with increasing responsibility since 1987. Previously, Dr. Cohen was an associate economist at the Rand Corporation, a research associate for economics with the Brookings Institution, a senior economist with the California Institute of Technology’s Environmental Quality Laboratory, and an assistant professor of public policy at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government. She was the Olin Visiting Professor in Law and Economics at the University of Southern California Law Center in 1993 and 1998, a fellow of the California Council for Science and Technology in 1998, and a research fellow at the Brookings Institution in 1977. Dr. Cohen has written many articles and coauthored a book on federal research and technology policy. She is currently a member of the editorial board of Public Choice and a member of the California Energy Commission’s Advisory Panel for the Public Interest Energy Research Program. She has a B.A. degree in mathematics from the University of California at Berkeley and received her Ph.D. in social sciences from the California Institute of Technology. James Corman is the principal in an engineering consulting company, Energy Alternative Systems, which he founded in 1996. He retired from General Electric as general manager of the Energy System Department in GE’s Power Systems. In that position, he was responsible for the development and commercialization of the next generation of power generation systems and for the technical interactions with the various GE businesses and with international business associates. Dr. Corman was previously manager of GE Corporate Research and Development’s Advanced Projects Laboratory. While there, he led a diverse R&D program with a focus on energy systems and activities that ranged from basic technology to pilot-plant demonstration. He is a member of the advisory board for the Pennsylvania State University School of Engineering and is active in the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), where he is a fellow. He has a Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from Carnegie Mellon University. Daniel A.Dreyfus is an independent consultant engaged in research and topical writing. He was formerly the associate director for operations at the National Museum of Natural History, reporting to the museum’s director in his roles as chief operating officer and chief financial officer. Before that, he served as special assistant to the Secretary of Energy and was director of the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management at the Department of Energy. Dr. Dreyfus served as a vice president for strategic analysis and forecasting for the Gas Research Institute and was also the first president and CEO of its affiliated Gas Technology Information, Inc. Previously, he was a professional staff member and then staff director of the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, which has jurisdiction over the Department of Energy and the Department of the Interior. He has a Ph.D. from American University, is a fellow of the American Society of Civil Engineers, and held several civil engineering positions prior to his Senate service. William L.Fisher holds the Leonidas Barrow Chair in Mineral Resources, Department of Geological Sciences, University of Texas at Austin. His previous positions at the University of Texas at Austin included director and state geologist of Texas, Bureau of Economic Geology; director, Geology Foundation; chairman, Department of Geological Sciences; and Morgan J.Davis Centennial Professor of Petroleum Geology. He has been assistant secretary, Energy and Minerals, Department of the Interior, and deputy assistant secretary, Energy, Department of the Interior. He is a fellow of the Geological Society of America, a fellow of the Texas Academy of Science, a fellow of the Society of Economic

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Energy Research at DOE was it Worth it?: Energy Efficiency and Fossil Energy Research 1978 to 2000 Geologists, and a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He has served on numerous federal government committees and councils and NRC committees. He has expertise in energy policy, oil and gas resources and recovery, fossil fuel exploitation and technology, geology, and mineral resource policy. He has a Ph.D. in geology from the University of Kansas. Robert Hall is currently president, CDG Management, Inc. He held a number of positions at Amoco Corporation including general manager, Alternative Fuels Development; manager, Management Systems and Planning; manager, IS Strategic Planning; director, Amoco Oil R&D Department; and supervisor, Amoco Chemical Process Design and Economics. He has extensive experience in planning and management of technology innovation in the areas of petroleum refining, petrochemicals, alternative fuels, process design, and process economics. He served on the NRC Committee on Production Technologies for Liquid Transportation Fuels, the NRC Committee on Strategic Assessment of the Department of Energy’s Coal Program, and the NRC Committee on Review of the Research Strategy for Biomass-Derived Transportation Fuels, and was past chairman of the International Council on Alternate Fuels. He has a B.S. in chemical engineering from the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. George M.Hidy is a consultant in energy and environmental engineering. He formerly was Alabama Industries Professor of Environmental Engineering at the University of Alabama, where he was also a professor of environmental health science in the School of Public Health. From 1987 to 1994, he was technical vice president of the Electric Power Research Institute, where he managed the Environmental Division and was a member of the Management Council. From 1984 to 1987, he was president of the Desert Research Institute of the University of Nevada. He has held a variety of other scientific positions in universities and industry and has made significant contributions to research on the environmental impacts of energy use, including atmospheric diffusion and mass transfer, aerosol dynamics, and chemistry. He is the author of many articles and books on these and related topics. Dr. Hidy received a B.S. in chemistry and chemical engineering from Columbia University, an M.S.E. in chemical engineering from Princeton University, and a D.Eng. in chemical engineering from Johns Hopkins University. David C.Mowery is Milton W.Terrill Professor of Business at the Walter A.Haas School of Business, University of California, Berkeley. His research on the economics of technological innovation and the effects of public policies on innovation helped the committee respond to the statement of task. Dr. Mowery has served on a number of National Research Council committees and boards, has testified before congressional committees, and has served as an advisor to various federal agencies and industrial firms. He also serves as deputy director of the Consortium on Competitiveness and Cooperation, a multiuniversity research alliance dedicated to research on technology and management and U.S. competitiveness. His academic awards include the Raymond Vernon Prize from the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management, the Economic History Association’s Fritz Redlich Prize, the Business History Review’s Newcomen Prize, and the Cheit Outstanding Teaching Award. He received his undergraduate and Ph.D. degrees in economics from Stanford University. James Dexter Peach is an independent consultant. He retired as assistant comptroller general of the General Accounting Office (GAO), where he managed the division responsible for the GAO’s work on energy, environment, natural resources, transportation, housing, and agricultural issues and served as GAO’s principal advisor to the Congress on energy and environmental issues. Mr. Peach also managed GAO’s strategic planning and quality control systems and helped design evaluation strategies for government programs under the Government Performance and Results Act. He received a B.S. in business administration from the University of South Carolina, an M.S. in public administration from George Washington University, and attended executive training at Harvard Business School and Dartmouth College. Maxine L.Savitz is general manager, Technology/Partnerships, Honeywell. She has held a number of positions in the federal and private sectors managing large R&D programs. Some of her positions included chief, Buildings Conservation Policy Research, Federal Energy Administration; professional manager, Research Applied to National Needs, National Science Foundation; division director, Buildings and Industrial Conservation, Energy Research and Development Administration; deputy assistant secretary for Conservation, Department of Energy; president, Lighting Research Institute; and general manager, Ceramic Components, AlliedSignal, Inc. She has extensive technical experience in materials, fuel cells, batteries and other storage devices, energy efficiency, and R&D management. She is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and has been, or is serving as, a member of numerous public- and private-sector boards and has served on many energy-related and other NRC committees. She has a Ph.D. in organic chemistry from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Jack S.Siegel is a principal with the consulting firm of Energy Resources International, Inc., and president of its Technology and Markets Group. While at the Department of Energy (DOE), he held various positions of leadership, including deputy assistant secretary for Coal Technology and acting assistant secretary for Fossil Energy. Before that, he was at the Environmental Protection Agency and led efforts

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Energy Research at DOE was it Worth it?: Energy Efficiency and Fossil Energy Research 1978 to 2000 to regulate and enforce the Clean Air Act of 1970. He has broad and extensive experience on energy and environmental issues and has recently been involved in studies on markets and barriers to clean coal technologies, conventional and advanced turbines, renewable energy systems, distributed power systems, impact of electric power restructuring on fuel and technology choices in the energy sector, options for reductions of greenhouse gases, and energy and environmental analysis in support of a number of foreign countries, the World Bank, and the Global Environment Facility. He is currently a member of the National Academy of Sciences’ Committee on Challenges, Opportunities, and Possibilities for Cooperation in the Energy Futures of China and the United States. He has received the Presidential Award for Superior Achievement (1992) and the Secretary of Energy’s Gold Medal for Outstanding Performance (1994). He has a B.S. in chemical engineering from Worcester Polytechnic Institute. James L.Sweeney is professor of Management Science and Engineering, Stanford University, and senior fellow, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research. He has been director of the Office of Energy Systems, director of the Office of Quantitative Methods, and director of the Office of Energy Systems Modeling and Forecasting, all at the Federal Energy Administration. At Stanford University, he was chairman, Institute of Energy Studies; director, Center for Economic Policy Research; director, Energy Modeling Forum; chairman, Department of Engineering-Economic Systems; and chairman, Department of Engineering-Economic Systems and Operations Research. He has served on several NRC committees, including the Committee on the National Energy Modeling System and the Committee on the Human Dimensions of Global Change, and has been a member of the Board on Energy and Environmental Systems. His research and writings address economic and policy issues important for natural resource production and use; energy markets, including oil, natural gas and electricity; environmental protection; and the use of mathematical models to analyze energy markets. He has a B.S. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a Ph.D. in engineering-economic systems from Stanford University. John J.Wise is retired vice president for Research, Mobil Research and Development Company. He has also been vice president for R&E Planning, manager of Exploration and Production R&D, manager of Process and Products R&D, director of the Mobil Solar Energy Corporation, and director of the Mobil Foundation. He has been active in the Industrial Research Institute and is currently on the board of editors of its journal Research and Technology Management. He was awarded the Industrial Research Institute’s Gold Medal for Research Management. He was co-chair of the Auto/Oil Air Quality Improvement Research Program. He has served on the NRC Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology and its Board on Energy and Environmental Systems. He has served on a number of NRC committees, such as the Committee on Transportation and a Sustainable Environment, the Committee on Developing the Federal Materials Facility Strategy, the Committee on Reviewing DOE’s Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies, and the Committee on Aviation Fuels with Improved Fire Safety. He has expertise in R&D management, process engineering, catalysis, synthetic and alternative fuels, lubricants, and the effects of fuels and engines on emissions. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He received a B.S. in chemical engineering from Tufts University and a Ph.D. in chemistry from MIT. James L.Wolf is an independent consultant working with companies to design new products and services for deregulating electric utility markets. He was formerly vice president of energy and environmental markets for Honeywell, Inc., where he focused on business opportunities to develop new products and services and market existing services to energy and environmental concerns. Previously, he was executive director at the Alliance To Save Energy, a nonprofit coalition whose board of directors is composed of U.S. Senators, chief executive officers of major corporations, and environmental leaders. He also served as acting deputy assistant administrator for policy and planning with the Department of Commerce’s National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, where he helped design and supervise policies and programs addressing marine pollution, global climate change, alternative energy resources, and international scientific research protocols. Mr. Wolf was a member of the Advisory Panel on Research and Development for the Department of Energy. He has a J.D. degree from Harvard Law School. James Woods is the founding director of the HP-Woods Research Institute and is retired professor of Building Construction at the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. He has been responsible for more than 20 research projects investigating environmental conditions for office buildings, schools, residences, hospitals, passenger cabins in commercial aircraft, and laboratory animal facilities. Dr. Woods has also served as a consultant or advisor to several private and public agencies including the Department of Energy, the National Institute of Standards and Technology, and the Environmental Protection Agency. He has a Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from Kansas State University and is a registered professional mechanical engineer.