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References

For a list of web sites listed in the text, see the end of this reference list.

Alemi, F., Alemagno, S.A., Goldhagen, J., Ash, L., Finkelstein, B., Lavin, A., Butts, J., & Ghadiri, A. (1996) . Computer reminders improve on-time immunization rates. Medical Care, 34(suppl 10), 0S45-51 .

Alemi, F., Cherry, F., & Meffret, G. (1989) . Rehearsing decisions may help teenagers: An evaluation of a simulation game. Computer Biological Medicine, 19 , 283-290 .

Becker, Henry Jay. (2000) . Who's wired and who's not: Children's access to and use of computer technology. The Future of Children and Computer Technology, 10(2) , 44-75 .

Brown, J.D., Childers, K.W., & Waszak, C.S. (1990) . Television and adolescent sexuality. Journal of Adolescent Health Care, 11 , 62-70 .

Brown, J.D., & Newcomer, S. (1991) . Television viewing and adolescents' sexual behavior. Journal of Homosexuality, 21(1/2), 77-91 .

Brown, J.D., & Stern, S. (in press). Sex and the media. In Encyclopedia of communication and information. New York : Macmillan .

Calvert, S.L. (1999) . Children's journeys through the information age. Boston : McGraw Hill .

Calvert, S.L., & Tan, S. (1994) . Impact of virtual reality on young adults' physiological arousal and aggressive thoughts: Interaction versus observation. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 15 , 125-139 .

Cantor, J. (1998) . “Mommy, I'm scared”: How TV and movies frighten children and what we can do to protect them. San Diego, CA : Harcourt Brace .

Cantor, J. (2000) . Media violence and children's emotions: Beyond the “Smoking gun.” Paper presented at the annual convention of the American Psychological Association, Washington, D.C. [Online] Available: < http://joannecantor.com/EMOTIONS2_sgl.htm.>



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Page 79 References For a list of web sites listed in the text, see the end of this reference list. Alemi, F., Alemagno, S.A., Goldhagen, J., Ash, L., Finkelstein, B., Lavin, A., Butts, J., & Ghadiri, A. (1996) . Computer reminders improve on-time immunization rates. Medical Care, 34(suppl 10), 0S45-51 . Alemi, F., Cherry, F., & Meffret, G. (1989) . Rehearsing decisions may help teenagers: An evaluation of a simulation game. Computer Biological Medicine, 19 , 283-290 . Becker, Henry Jay. (2000) . Who's wired and who's not: Children's access to and use of computer technology. The Future of Children and Computer Technology, 10(2) , 44-75 . Brown, J.D., Childers, K.W., & Waszak, C.S. (1990) . Television and adolescent sexuality. Journal of Adolescent Health Care, 11 , 62-70 . Brown, J.D., & Newcomer, S. (1991) . Television viewing and adolescents' sexual behavior. Journal of Homosexuality, 21(1/2), 77-91 . Brown, J.D., & Stern, S. (in press). Sex and the media. In Encyclopedia of communication and information. New York : Macmillan . Calvert, S.L. (1999) . Children's journeys through the information age. Boston : McGraw Hill . Calvert, S.L., & Tan, S. (1994) . Impact of virtual reality on young adults' physiological arousal and aggressive thoughts: Interaction versus observation. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 15 , 125-139 . Cantor, J. (1998) . “Mommy, I'm scared”: How TV and movies frighten children and what we can do to protect them. San Diego, CA : Harcourt Brace . Cantor, J. (2000) . Media violence and children's emotions: Beyond the “Smoking gun.” Paper presented at the annual convention of the American Psychological Association, Washington, D.C. [Online] Available: < http://joannecantor.com/EMOTIONS2_sgl.htm.>

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Page 80 Cantor, J., Mares, M.L., & Oliver, M.B. (1993) . Parents' and children's emotional reactions to televised coverage of the Gulf War. In B. Greenberg & W. Gantz (Eds.), Desert Storm and the mass media (pp. 325-340) . Cresskill, NJ : Hampton Press . Carlson, L., Grossbart, S., & Stuenke, J.K. (1992) . The role of parental socialization types on differential family communication patterns regarding consumption. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 1(1), 31-52 . Carnegie Corporation of New York. (1996, September) . Years of promise: A comprehensive learning strategy for America's children. New York, NY : Author . Cline, V.B., Croft, R.G., & Courrier, S. (1973) . Desensitization of children to television violence. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 27 , 516-546 . Commission on Child Online Protection. (2000, October) . Final Report to Congress. Transmitted to Congress, October 20, 2000. Washington, DC. [Online] Available: < http://www.copacommission.org/report/> Damon, W. (1988) . The moral child. New York : Free Press . Donnerstein, E.I., & Linz, D.G. (1986) . Mass media sexual violence and male viewers: Current theory and research. American Behavioral Scientist, 29 , 601-618 . Dunn, J. (1987) . The beginnings of moral understanding. In J. Kagan & S. Lamb (Eds.), The emergence of morality in young children. Chicago : University of Chicago Press . Greenson, L., & Williams, R.A. (1986) . Social implications of music videos for youth: An analysis of the content and effects of MTV. Youth & Society, 18(2), 177-189 . Harrison, K., & Cantor, J. (1999) . Tales from the screen: Enduring fright reactions to scary media. Media Psychology, 1 , 117-140 . Heinberg, L.J., & Thompson, J.K. (1995) . Body image and televised images of thinness and attractiveness: A controlled laboratory investigation. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 14 , 325-338 . Hofschire, L., & Greenberg, B. (2001) . Media's impact on adolescents' body dissatisfaction. In J.D. Brown, J.R. Steele, & K. Walsh-Childers (Eds.), Sexual teens, sexual media. Hillsdale, NJ : Lawrence Erlbaum Associates . Huston, A.C., Wartella, E., & Donnerstein, E. (1998) . Measuring the effects of sexual content in the media: A report to the Kaiser Family Foundation. Menlo Park, CA : The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation . Kalof, L. (1999) . The effects of gender and music video imagery on sexual attitudes. The Journal of Social Psychology, 139(3), 378-366 . Kapoun, J. (2000) . Criteria for evaluating web sites. Washington, DC : American Library Association . Keller, S. (2000) . How do early adolescent girls use media to shape their romantic identities? Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina , Chapel Hill . Keller, S., Gilbert, L., & Short, J. (2000) . Phase 1 report case study: www.iwannaknow.org content analyses. Unpublished manuscript. Keller, S., Labelle, H., Karimi, N., & Gupta, S. (2001) . STD prevention for teenagers: A look at the Internet universe. Paper presented at the 20th annual meeting of the Association for Health Care Research, Santa Fe, NM. Kerr, M., & Statin, H. (2000) . What parents know; how they know it; & several forms of adolescent adjustment: Further support for a reinterpretation of monitoring. Developmental Psychology, 36 , 366-380 .

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Page 81 Kraak, V., & Pelletier, D. (1998) . How marketers reach young consumers: Implications for nutrition education and health promotion campaigns. Family Economics and Nutrition Review, 11(4), 31 . Krafka, C., Linz, D., Donnerstein, E., & Penrod, S. (1997) . Women's reactions to sexually aggressive mass media depictions. Violence Against Women, 3 , 149-181 . Larson, M. (1996) . Sex roles and soap operas: What adolescents learn about single motherhood. Sex Roles: A Journal of Research, 35(1/2), 97-121 . Lemish, D. (1997) . The school as a wrestling arena: The modeling of a television series. Communication, 22(4), 395-418 . Levine, M.D., Carey, W.B., Crocker, A.C., & Gross, R.T. (1983) . Developmental-behavioral pediatrics. Philadelphia : W.B. Saunders Company . Linz, D.G., Donnerstein, E.I., & Adams, S.M. (1989) . Physiological desensitization and judgments about female victims of violence. Human Communication Research, 15 , 509-522 . Linz, D.G., Donnerstein, E.I., & Penrod, S. (1988) . Effects of long-term exposure to violent and sexually degrading depictions of women. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 55, 758-768 . Locke, S.E., Kowaloff, H.B., Hoff, R.G., Safran, C., Popovsky, M.A., & Cotton, D.J. (1992) Computer-based interview for screening blood donors for risk of HIV transmission. Journal of the American Medical Association, 268 , 1301-1305 . Mangleburg, T., & Bristol, T. (1998) . Socializing and adolescents' skepticism toward advertising. Journal of Advertising, 27(3). [Special issue on advertising to children] . Molitor, F., & Hirsch, K.W. (1994) . Children's toleration of real-life aggression after exposure to media violence: A replication of the Drabman and Thomas studies. Child Study Journal, 24 , 191-207 . Mullin, C.R., & Linz, D. (1995) . Desensitization and resensitization to violence against women: Effects of exposure to sexually violent films on judgments of domestic violence victims . Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69 , 449-459 . Nathanson, A.I., & Cantor, J. (2000) . Reducing the aggression-promoting effect of violent cartoons by increasing children's fictional involvement with the victim. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 44 , 125-142 . National Center for Health Statistics. (1995) . Trends in pregnancies and pregnancy rates, 1980-1992: Estimates for the U.S. (National Survey of Family Growth, Monthly Vital Statistics Report, 43—11, supplement). Hyattsville, MD : Author . National Center for Health Statistics. (1999) . Declines in teenage birth rates, 1991-1998: Update on national and state trends. (National Vital Statistics Report, Vol. 47, No. 26). Hyattsville, MD : Author . National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. (2000) . From neurons to neighborhoods: The science of early childhood development. Committee on Integrating the Science of Early Childhood Development. Jack P. Shonkoff and Deborah A. Phillips, eds. Board on Children, Youth, and Families, Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education . Washington, DC : National Academy Press . National School Boards Association, (n.d.) Safe & smart: Overview of research and guidelines for children's use of the Internet. National School Boards Association . [Online] Available: < http://www.nsbf.org/safe-smart/key.htm>

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Page 82 Novak, T.P., & Hoffman, D.L. (1998) . Bridging the digital divide: The impact of race on computer access and internet use. [Online] Available: < http://www2000.ogsm.vanderbilt.edu/papers/race/science.html> Odlyzko, A. (2000, November 22) . Internet growth: Myth and reality, use and abuse. iMP Magazine. [Online] Available: < http://www.cisp.org/imp/november_2000/odlyzko/11_00odlyzko.htm> Owens, J., Maxim, R, McGuinn, M., Nobile, C, Msall, M., & Alario, A. (1999) . Televisionviewing habits and sleep disturbance in school children. Pediatrics, 104 (3), 552 (Abstract). [Online] Available: < http://www.pediatrics.org/cgi/content/full/104/3/c27> Pardun, C. (2001) . Romancing the script: Identifying the romantic agenda in top-grossing movies. In J.D. Borwn, J.R. Steele, & K.W. Childers (Eds.), Sexual teens, sexual media. Hillsdale, NJ : Lawrence Erlbaum Associates . Penn, Schoen & Berland Associates. (2000, September) . Web savvy and safety: How kids and parents differ in what they know, whom they trust. [Online] Available: < http://www.microsoft.com/PressPass/press/2000/Nov00/SafetyWebsitesPR.asp> Public Broadcasting Service, (n.d.) Life on the Internet: Timeline. [PBS Online] Available: < http://www.pbs.org/internet/timeline/index.html> Richardson, F. (2000, November 27) . Study: Millions log onto Net to get health information. Boston Herald. Roberts, Donald F., Foehr, Ulla G., Rideout, Victoria J., and Mollyann Brodie. (1999) . Kids and media at the new millennium: A comprehensive national analysis of children's media use. Menlo Park, CA : The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation . Signorielli, N. (1991) . Adolescents and ambivalence toward marriage: A cultivation analysis. Youth and Society, 23(1), 11-25 . Singer, J.L., & Singer, D.G. (1993) . A study of children's media usage in relationship to reading, math, and computer study in an elementary school. Monograph prepared for the Corporation for Public Broadcasting. Yale University Family Television Research and Consultation Center , New Haven, CT. Singer, M.I., Slovak, K., Frierson, T., & York, P. (1998) . Viewing preferences, symptoms of psychological trauma, and violent behaviors among children who watch television. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 37 , 1041 -1048 . Smith, M., Gertz, E., Alvarez, S., & Lurie, P. (2000) . The content and accessibility of sex education information on the Internet. Health Education & Behavior, 27(6), 684-694 . Steinberg, L. (1999) . Adolescence (5th ed.). New York : McGraw-Hill . Strasburger, V. (1989) . Adolescent sexuality and the media . Adolescent Gynecology, 36 , 747-773 . Strouse, J., Buerkel-Rothfuss, N. & Long, E.C. (1995) . Gender and family as moderators of the relationship between music video exposure and adolescent sexual permissiveness. Adolescence, 30 , 505-521 . Strouse, J., & Fabes, R.A. (1985) . Formal versus informal informational sources of sex education: Competing forces in the sexual socialization of adolescents. Adolescence, 20 , 251-263 . Survey on teen use of technology. (2000, October) . Family PC Magazine . Sutton, M., Brown, J.D., Wilson, K., & Klein, J. (2001) . Shaking the tree of knowledge for forbidden fruit: Where adolescents learn about sexuality and contraception. In J.D. Brown, J.R. Steele, & K.W. Childers (Eds.), Sexual teens, sexual media . Hillsdale, NJ : Lawrence Erlbaum Associates .

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Page 83 U.S. Bureau of the Census. (1999a, October 14) . Press release. [Online] Available: < http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/1999/cb99-194.html> U.S. Bureau of the Census. (1999b) . Computer use in the United States: October 1997 (P20-522) . [Online] Available: < http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/computer.html> Wartella, E., & Jennings, N. (2000) . Children and computers: New technology—old concerns. The Future of Children, 10(2), 31-43 . Youniss, J. (1980) . Parents and peers in social development. Chicago : University of Chicago Press . Youniss, J., & Smollar, J. (1985) . Adolescent relations with mothers, fathers, and friends. Chicago : University of Chicago Press . Youniss, J., & Yates, M. (1999) . Youth service and moral-civic identity: A case for everyday morality. Educational Psychology Review, 11(4), 363-378 . Zillmann, D. (1982) . Transfer of excitation in emotional behavior. In J.T. Cacioppo & R.E. Petty (Eds.), Social Psychophysiology. New York : Guilford . Zillmann, D., & Bryant, J. (1982) . Pornography, sexual callousness, and the trivialization of rape. Journal of Communication, 32 , 10-21 . Zillman, D., & Weaver, J.B. (1999) . Effects of prolonged exposure to gratuitous media violence on provoked and unprovoked hostile behavior. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 29 , 145-165 . Zollo, P. (1995) . Talking to teens. American Demographics, 17(November), 22-28 . REFERENCE OF WEB SITES LISTED IN THE TEXT Web sites are listed in the order in which they appear at the text. All were current as of the time of the workshop. Shared Experience Cancer Support Knowledgebase: www.sharedexperience.org Grunwald Associates: www.grunwald.com/survey/index.htm Chicago Public Library Sign of the Owl: www.chipublib.org/008subject/003cya/sign/sign.html The Children's Partnership: www.childrenspartnership.org Eau Claire Area School District's acceptable use policy: www.ecasd.k12.wi.us/departments/technology/network/inetpol.html Columbia Guide to Online Style: http://www.columbia.edu/cu/cup/cgos/idx_basic.html CyberTipLine: www.CyberTipLine.com National Center for Missing and Exploited Children: www.missingkids.com

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