Biographical Memoirs

NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES



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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 79 Biographical Memoirs NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 79 NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS The National Academy Press publishes the reports issued by the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, the Institute of Medicine, and the National Research Council, all operating under a charter granted by the Congress of the United States.

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 79 NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Biographical Memoirs VOLUME 79 NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS WASHINGTON, D.C. 2001

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 79 The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by Act of Congress as a private, nonprofit, self-governing membership corporation for the furtherance of science and technology, required to advise the federal government upon request within its fields of competence. Under its corporate charter the Academy established the National Research Council in 1916, the National Academy of Engineering in 1964, and the Institute of Medicine in 1970. Any opinions expressed in this memoir are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Academy of Sciences. INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER 0-309-7572-6 INTERNATIONAL STANDARD SERIAL NUMBER 0077–2933 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOG CARD NUMBER 5–26629 Available from NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS 2101 CONSTITUTION AVENUE, N.W. WASHINGTON, D.C. 20418 COPYRIGHT 2001 BY THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES ALL RIGHTS RESERVED PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 79 CONTENTS     PREFACE   vii     HENRY G. BOOKER BY WILLIAM E.GORDON   3     GEORGE HERMANN BUCHI BY GLENN A. BERCHTOLD AND LOUISE H. FOLEY   15     HORACE ROBERT BYERS BY ROSCOE R. BRAHAM, JR., AND THOMAS F. MALONE   33     GERALD M. CLEMENCE BY RAYNOR L. DUNCOMBE   51     JULIUS H. COMROE, JR. BY SEYMOUR S. KETY AND ROBERT E. FORSTER   67     RAFAEL LORENTE DE NO BY THOMAS A. WOOLSEY   85     SAMUEL EILENBERG BY HYMAN BASS, HENRI CARTAN, PETER FREYD, ALEX HELLER, AND SAUNDERS MAC LANE   107     JORDI FOLCH-PI BY MARJORIE B. LEES AND ALFRED POPE   135

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 79     ROBERT HOFSTADTER BY JEROME I. FRIEDMAN AND WILLIAM A. LITTLE   159     MARY ELLEN JONES BY THOMAS W. TRAUT   183     SIMON S. KUZNETS BY ROBERT W. FOGEL   203     FRANKLIN ASBURY LONG BY FRED W. MCLAFFERTY, BARRY K. CARPENTER, AND JERROLD MEINWALD   233     HANS JOACHIM MULLER-EBERHARD BY ALEXANDER G. BEARN   247     DANIEL NATHANS BY DANIEL DIMAIO   263     WILLIAM HARRISON RIKER BY BRUCE BUENO DE MESQUITA AND KENNETH SHEPSLE   281     RICHARD C.STARR BY ANNETTE W. COLEMAN AND JEFFREY A. ZEIKUS   303     DEAN STANLEY TARBELL BY NELSON J. LEONARD   317     HOWARD M. TEMIN BY BILL SUGDEN   337     BENTON J. UNDERWOOD BY GEOFFREY KEPPEL   377     OLIVER REYNOLDS WULF BY HAROLD S. JOHNSTON   397

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 79 PREFACE On March 3, 1863, Abraham Lincoln signed the Act of Incorporation that brought the National Academy of Sciences into being. In accordance with that original charter, the Academy is a private, honorary organization of scientists, elected for outstanding contributions to knowledge, who can be called upon to advise the federal government. As an institution the Academy’s goal is to work toward increasing scientific knowledge and to further the use of that knowledge for the general good. The Biographical Memoirs, begun in 1877, are a series of volumes containing the life histories and selected bibliographies of deceased members of the Academy. Colleagues familiar with the discipline and the subject’s work prepare the essays. These volumes, then, contain a record of the life and work of our most distinguished leaders in the sciences, as witnessed and interpreted by their colleagues and peers. They form a biographical history of science in America—an important part of our nation’s contribution to the intellectual heritage of the world. R.STEPHEN BERRY Home Secretary

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 79 This page in the original is blank.