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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 79 Biographical Memoirs NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 79 NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS The National Academy Press publishes the reports issued by the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, the Institute of Medicine, and the National Research Council, all operating under a charter granted by the Congress of the United States.
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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 79 NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Biographical Memoirs VOLUME 79 NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS WASHINGTON, D.C. 2001
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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 79 The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by Act of Congress as a private, nonprofit, self-governing membership corporation for the furtherance of science and technology, required to advise the federal government upon request within its fields of competence. Under its corporate charter the Academy established the National Research Council in 1916, the National Academy of Engineering in 1964, and the Institute of Medicine in 1970. Any opinions expressed in this memoir are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Academy of Sciences. INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER 0-309-7572-6 INTERNATIONAL STANDARD SERIAL NUMBER 0077–2933 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOG CARD NUMBER 5–26629 Available from NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS 2101 CONSTITUTION AVENUE, N.W. WASHINGTON, D.C. 20418 COPYRIGHT 2001 BY THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES ALL RIGHTS RESERVED PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 79 CONTENTS PREFACE vii HENRY G. BOOKER BY WILLIAM E.GORDON 3 GEORGE HERMANN BUCHI BY GLENN A. BERCHTOLD AND LOUISE H. FOLEY 15 HORACE ROBERT BYERS BY ROSCOE R. BRAHAM, JR., AND THOMAS F. MALONE 33 GERALD M. CLEMENCE BY RAYNOR L. DUNCOMBE 51 JULIUS H. COMROE, JR. BY SEYMOUR S. KETY AND ROBERT E. FORSTER 67 RAFAEL LORENTE DE NO BY THOMAS A. WOOLSEY 85 SAMUEL EILENBERG BY HYMAN BASS, HENRI CARTAN, PETER FREYD, ALEX HELLER, AND SAUNDERS MAC LANE 107 JORDI FOLCH-PI BY MARJORIE B. LEES AND ALFRED POPE 135
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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 79 ROBERT HOFSTADTER BY JEROME I. FRIEDMAN AND WILLIAM A. LITTLE 159 MARY ELLEN JONES BY THOMAS W. TRAUT 183 SIMON S. KUZNETS BY ROBERT W. FOGEL 203 FRANKLIN ASBURY LONG BY FRED W. MCLAFFERTY, BARRY K. CARPENTER, AND JERROLD MEINWALD 233 HANS JOACHIM MULLER-EBERHARD BY ALEXANDER G. BEARN 247 DANIEL NATHANS BY DANIEL DIMAIO 263 WILLIAM HARRISON RIKER BY BRUCE BUENO DE MESQUITA AND KENNETH SHEPSLE 281 RICHARD C.STARR BY ANNETTE W. COLEMAN AND JEFFREY A. ZEIKUS 303 DEAN STANLEY TARBELL BY NELSON J. LEONARD 317 HOWARD M. TEMIN BY BILL SUGDEN 337 BENTON J. UNDERWOOD BY GEOFFREY KEPPEL 377 OLIVER REYNOLDS WULF BY HAROLD S. JOHNSTON 397
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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 79 PREFACE On March 3, 1863, Abraham Lincoln signed the Act of Incorporation that brought the National Academy of Sciences into being. In accordance with that original charter, the Academy is a private, honorary organization of scientists, elected for outstanding contributions to knowledge, who can be called upon to advise the federal government. As an institution the Academy’s goal is to work toward increasing scientific knowledge and to further the use of that knowledge for the general good. The Biographical Memoirs, begun in 1877, are a series of volumes containing the life histories and selected bibliographies of deceased members of the Academy. Colleagues familiar with the discipline and the subject’s work prepare the essays. These volumes, then, contain a record of the life and work of our most distinguished leaders in the sciences, as witnessed and interpreted by their colleagues and peers. They form a biographical history of science in America—an important part of our nation’s contribution to the intellectual heritage of the world. R.STEPHEN BERRY Home Secretary
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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 79 This page in the original is blank.