agency programs and observed that the Office of Science and Technology Policy is the traditional broker for such cooperation.

The survey report also pointed out that, at NSF, provision of funds for research and analysis to capitalize on the observations made possible by new facilities is often neglected. Moreover, the NSF astronomy grants program is under heavy pressure to fund the analysis of the data obtained at these national ground-based facilities and the private/state observatories. This disconnect between facilities and the funds necessary to operate them differs from the results of NASA’s policy of explicitly tying research funding to the successful peer-reviewed proposals for observations from a space mission. The report recommended that NSF include funding for operations, new instrumentation, and data analysis and theory grants for the first 5 years of operation when budgeting for each new large ground-based facility (see footnote (a) to Table 1.1).

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