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Appendix B ·eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee Analysis of the EMSP Research Portfolio The committee generated Table B.1 during its analysis of the cur- rent EMSP research portfolio, based on the information available on the project database up to September 2000. Table B.1 does not take into account any renewal or new project introduced after that period. Only research projects directly relevant to HEW process operations are listed. The result of the analysis is shown in Appendix A, page 97. The project database is available on the World Wide Web at the fol- lowing address: http://emsp.em.doe.gov/portfol io/mu Itisearch.asp In the table, the title of the project is provided, with the EMSP pro- ject number shown in parenthesis. The letters in parenthesis attached to the project numbers correspond to the problem area under which the project is listed in the EMSP database. The symbols are the follow- ing: H LW: H igh-Level Waste MW: Mixed and Transuranic Waste D&D: Deactivation and Decommissioning NM: Nuclear Materials SC: Subsurface Contamination SNF: Spent Nuclear Fuel (defense-related) As shown, many of the projects are relevant to more than one process area and have been listed more than once in the table. Therefore, the total number of projects in the table is higher than the total number of grants. The purpose of this table is to show what areas of HEW cleanup are emphasized in the EMSP research portfolio. H ~ G H - L E V E E W A S T E 108

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TABLE B.1 Analysis ofthe EMSP Research Portfolio Process Area PROJECTTITLE (EMSP Project number) Characterization Microstructural Properties of HLW Concentrates and Gels with Raman and IR Spectroscopies (HLW54773) Precipitation and Deposition of Aluminum-Containing Phases in Tank Wastes (HLW65411) Colloidal Agglomerates in Tank Sludge: Impact on Waste Processing (HLW54628) Research Program to Investigate the Fundamental Chemistry of Technetium (HLW60296) Imaging and Characterizing the waste Materials InsideTank Using Seismic Normal Modes (HLW55141) Acoustic Probe for Solid-Gas-Liquid Suspensions (HLW55179) Detection and Characterization of Chemicals Present in Tank Waste (HLW65340) On-line Slurry Viscosity and Concentration Measure as a Real-Time Stream Characterization Tool (H LW54890) Mass Spectrometric Fingerprinting of Tank Waste Using Tunable, Ultrafast Infrared Lasers (HLW 65425) Optically-Based Array Sensors for Selective In Situ Analysis of Tank Waste (HLW60217) Particle Generation by Laser Ablation in Support of Chemical Analysis of HL Mixed Waste (HLW60075) Correlation of Chemisorption and Electronic Effects for Metal/Oxide Interfaces (HLW65421) Thermospray MS ionization Processes: Speciation, Separation, and Characterization of Organics (H LW59978) f-Element Ion Chelation in Highly Basic Media (HLW54595) Design and Development of a New Hybrid Spectroelectrochemical Sensor Project (HLW54674) Chemical Speciation of Inorganic Compounds Under Hydrothermal Conditions (HLW60050) Improved Analytical Characterization of Solid Waste Forms by Laser Ablation Technology (HLW55318) High Temperature Condensed Phase Mass Spectrometric Analysis (HLW60424) Mechanism of Pitting Corrosion Prevention by Nitrite in Carbon Steel Exposed to Dilute Salt Solutions (HLW60401) Mechanisms and Kinetics of Organic Aging in High-Level Nuclear Wastes (HLW65408) Studies Related to Chemical Mechanisms of Gas Formation in Hanford HLW (HLW54807) Interfacial Radiolysis Effects in Tank Waste Speciation (HLW54646) The NOX System in Nuclear Waste (HLW55229) Development of Advanced Electrochemical Emission Spectroscopy for Monitoring Corrosion in Simulated DOE Liq u id Waste (H LW60219) Utilization of Kinetic Isotope Effects for the Concentration of Tritiu m (MW55103) Dynamic Effects of TankWaste Aging on Radionuclide-Complexant Interactions (HLW59993) Analysis of Surface Leaching Processes in Vitrified HLW Using In-Situ Raman and Modeling (HLW54982) Development of Nuclear Analysis Capabilities for DOE Waste Management Activities (NM60077) Measurements and Models for Hazardous Chemical and Mixed Wastes (MW60155) Real-Time Broad Spectrum Characterization of Hazardous Waste by Membrane Introduction Mass Spectrometry (MW59981) Hazardous Gas Production by Alpha Particles in Solid OrganicTransuranic Waste Matrices (MW59934) Development of Monitoring and Diagnostic Methods for Robots Used in Remediation of Waste Sites (D&D60040) High Fluence Neutron Source for Nondestructive Characterization of Nuclear Waste (HLW54751) lon and Molecule Sensors Using Molecular Recognition in Luminescent,Conductive Polymers (MW55247) A p p e n d i x B 109

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Process Area PROJECTTITLE (EMSP Project number) Total Retrieval The Development of Cavity Ringdown Spectroscopy as a Sensitive Continuous Emission Monitor for Metals (MW60070) Microsensors for In-Site Chemical, Physical, and Radiological Characterization of Mixed Waste (MW60197) Novel Miniature Spectrometerfor Remote Chemical Detection (MW60231) Miniature Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectrometer for In-Situ and In-Process Analysis and Monitoring (NM60247) Millimeter-Wave Measurements of High Level and Low Activity Glass Melts (HLW65435) Interfacial Radiolysis Effects in Tank Waste Speciation (HLW54646) Metal Ion Analysis Using Near-lnfrared Dyes and the"Laboratory-on-a-Chip"(D&D64982) Development of Novel, Simple Multi-Analyte Sensors for Remote Environmental Analysis (HLW65001) The NOX System in Nuclear Waste (HLW55229) Fundamental Chemistry,Characterization,Separation of Tc Complexes in Hanford Waste (HLW59990) Characterization of Actinides in Simulated AlkalineTankWaste Sludges and Leach Solutions (HLW65398) Chemical Speciation of Strontium, Americium, and Curium in High Level Waste (HLW54621) 46 (HLW=34, MW=8, NM=2, D&D=2) Microstructural Properties of HLW Concentrates and Gels with Raman and IR Spectroscopies (HLW54773) Colloidal Agglomerates in Tank Sludge: Impact on Waste Processing (HLW54628) Electrically Driven Technologies for Radioactive Aerosol Abatement (HLW65328) On-Line Slurry Viscosity and Concentration Measurement as a Real-Time Stream Characterization Tool (H LW54890) Numerical Modeling of Mixing of Chemically Reactive, Non-Newtonian Slurry forTankWaste Retrieval (HLW65371) Acoustic Probe for Solid-Gas-Liquid Suspensions (HLW55179) Mixing Processes in High-Level Waste Tanks (HLW54656) Mechanics of Bubbles in Sludges and Slurries (HLW60451) Mechanics of Bubbles in Sludges and Slurries: modeling of particulate materials (HLW60451 a) Mixing Processes in High-Level Waste Tanks (HLW54656) Total 9 (HLW=9) Pretreatment Electroactive Materials for Anion Separation-Technetium from Nitrate (HLW65409) Reactivity of Peroxynitrite: Implications for Hanford Waste Management and Remediation (HLW59982) Design and Synthesis of the Next Generation of Crown Ethers for Waste Separations (HLW55087) lon Recognition Approach to Volume Reduction of AlkalineTankWaste by Separation and Recycle HLW (H LW65339) Speciation, Dissolution, and Red ox Reactions of Cr Relevant to Pretreatment and Separation (HLW65368) Dynamic Effects of TankWaste Aging on Radionuclide-Complexant Interactions (HLW59993) Solution Effects on Cs Complexation with Calixarene Crown Ethers from Liquids to Supercritical Fluids (H LW65351) Potential-Modulated Intercalation of Alkali Cations into Metal Hexacyanoferrate Coated Electrodes (HLW60123) Complexants for Actinide Element Coordination and Immobilization (HLW65378) H ~ G H - L E V E E W A S T E 110

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Process Area PROJECTTITLE (EMSP Project number) Polyoxometalates for Radioactive Waste Treatment (HLW54716) Removal of Technetium,CarbonTetrachloride,and Metalsfrom DOE Properties (HLW60017) Fundamental Chemistry,Characterization,Separation of Tc Complexes in Hanford Waste (HLW59990) Development of Inorganic Ion Exchangers for Nuclear Waste Remediation (HLW54735) ionizing Radiation Induced Catalysis on Metal Oxide Particles (HLW54996) Rational Design of Metal Ion Sequestering Agents (HLW60362) Precipitation and Deposition of Aluminum-Containing Phases in Tank Wastes (HLW6541 1 ) Enhanced Sludge Processing of HLW: Hydrothermal Oxidation of Cr,Tc, and Complexants by NO3- (H LW54765) Colloidal Agglomerates in Tank Sludge: Impact on Waste Processing (HLW54628) Investigation of Novel Electrode Materials for Electrochemically-Based Remediation of H and LLW (HLW551 37) Foaming in Radioactive WasteTreatment and Immobilization Processes (HLW60143) Superconducting Open-Gradient Magnetic Separation for the Pretreatment of Vitrification Feeds (HLW55294) Electrically Driven Technologies for Radioactive Aerosol Abatement (HLW65328) Actinide-Specific Interfacial Chemistry of Monolayer Coated Mesoporous Ceramics (HLW65370) Actinide-Aluminate Speciation in Alkaline Radioactive Waste (HLW65318) Characterization of Actinides in Simulated AlkalineTankWaste Sludges and Leach Solutions (HLW65398) Synthesis and Characterization of Templated lon Exchange Resins for the Selective Complexation (H LW59977) Photocatalytic and Chemical Oxidation of Organic Compounds in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide (MW54847) Chemical Speciation of Inorganic Compounds Under Hydrothermal Conditions (HLW60050) Isolation of Metals from Liquid Wastes: Reactive Scavenging in TurbulentThermal Reactors (MW60326) Acid-Base Behavior in Hydrothermal Processing of Wastes (MW54506) Processing of High-Level Waste: Spectroscopic Characterization of REDOX Reactions in Supercritical Water (MW54828) Fundamental Chemistry and Thermodynamics of Hydrothermal Oxidation Processes (MW55276) Chemical Speciation of Sr, Am, and Cm in High-Level Waste: Predictive Modeling of Phase Partitioning During Tank Processing (HLW54621 ) Managing Tight-Binding Receptors for New Separations Technologies (MW54791 ) Spectroscopy, Modeling, and Computation of Metal Chelate Solubility in Supercritical C02 (MW4942) f-Element lon Chelation in Highly Basic Media (HLW54595) Extraction and Recovery of Mercury and Lead from Aqueous Waste Streams Using Redox-Active Layered Metal Chalcogenides (MW55012) De Novo Design of Ligands for Metal Separation (MW55223) Rational Synthesis of Imprinted Organofunctional Sol-Gel Materials forToxic Metal Separation (MW60096) Adsorption/Membrane Filtration as a Contaminant Concentration and Separation Process for Mixed Wastes and TankWastes (MW55146) Development of Advanced In Situ Techniques for Chemistry Monitoring and Corrosion Mitigation in SC WO Environments (MW55171) A p p e n d i x B 111

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Process Area PROJECTTITLE (EMSP Project number) Architectural Design Criteria for F-Block Metal Ion Sequestering Agents (MW54679) Aqueous Electrochemical Mechanisms in Actinide Residue Processing (NM59967) Basis for the Characterization, Separation, and Disposal of Plutonium and Other Actinides in High-Level Radioactive Waste:The Effect of Temperature and Electrolyte Concentrations on Actinide Speciation (H LW65352) Synthesis of New Water-Soluble Metal-Binding Polymers: Combinatorial Chemistry Approach (D&D54724) Total 44 (HLW=29, MW=13, D&D=1, NM=1) Immobilization Chemical Speciation of Inorganic Compounds Under Hydrothermal Conditions (HLW60050) Modeling of Spinel Settling in Waste Glass Melter (HLW65422) Radiation Effects in NuclearWaste Materials (HLW54672) Radiation Effects on Materials in the Near-Field of Nuclear Waste Repository (HLW54691) Analysis of Surface Leaching Processes in Vitrified HLW Using In-Situ Raman and Modeling (HLW54982) New Silicotitanate Waste Forms: Development and Characterization (HLW60345) Chemical Decomposition of HLW Storage/Disposal Glasses Under Irradiation (HLW55188) The Influence of Radiation and Multivalent Cation Additions on Phase Separation and Crystallization of Glass (HLW59827) Physical, Chemical, and Structural Evolution of Zeolite Waste Forms from Metakaolinite and Calcined HLW (H LW65366) Investigation of Microscopic Radiation Damage in Waste Forms Using ODNMR and AEM Techniques (H LW55367) Stability of High-Level Waste Forms (HLW60020) Research Program to Investigate the Fundamental Chemistry of Technetium (HLW60296) High Temperature Condensed Phase Mass Spectrometric Analysis (HLW60424) Millimeter-Wave Measurements of High-Level and Low-Activity Glass Melts (HLW65435) Developing a Characterization, Separation, and Disposal of Pu and Other Actinides in HLW (HLW65352) Radiation Effects on Transport and Bubble Formation in Silicate Glasses (HLW60313) lon-Exchange Processes and Mechanisms in Glasses (HLW60362) Complexants for Actinide Element Coordination and Immobilization (HLW65378) Chemical and Ceramic Methods Toward Safe Storage of Actinides Using Monazite (NM55094) An Alternative Host Matrix Based on Iron Phosphate Glasses for the Vitrification of Specialized Nuclear Waste Forms (MW55110) Fundamental Thermodynamics of Actinide-Bearing Mineral Waste Forms (NM60118) Rational Design of Metal lon Sequestering Agents (HLW60362) Distribution and Solubility of Radionuclides and Neutron Absorbers in Waste Forms for Disposition of Plutonium Ash and Scraps,Excess Plutonium,and Miscellaneous Spent Nuclear Fuels (NM60387) Quantifying Silica Reactivity in Subsurface Environments: Controls of Reaction Affinity and Solute Matrix on Quartz and SiO2 Glass Dissolution Kinetics (HLW55042) Thermodynamics of the Volatilization of Actinide Metals in the High-Temperature Treatment of Radioactive Wastes (NM60319) Actinide-Specific Interfacial Chemistry of Monolayer Coated Mesoporous Ceramics (HLW65370) H ~ G H - L E V E E W A S T E 112

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Process Area PROJECTTITLE (EMSP Project number) Physical, Chemical, and Structural Evolution of Zeolite-Containing Waste Forms Produced from Metakaolinite and Calcined High-Level Waste (HLW65366) Determination of Transmutation Effects in Crystalline Waste Forms (NM55382) Polyoxometalates for Radioactive Waste Treatment (HLW54716) Modeling of Spinel Settling in Waste Glass Melter (HLW65422) Tota I 30 (H LW=24, N M=5, MW= 1 ) Tank closure Rapid Migration of Radionuclides Leaked from High-Level Waste Tanks (HLW65410) Phase Chemistry of Tank Sludge Residual Components (HLW60403) Phase Chemistry of Tank Sludge Residual Components (HLW60403a) Contaminant-Organic Complexes,Their Structure and Energetics in Surface Decontamination Processes (D&D64947) Decontamination of Radionuclides from Concrete During and AfterThermal Treatment (D&D64986) Three-Dimensional Position-Sensitive Germanium Detectors (D&D6501 5) Waste Volume Reduction Using Surface Characterization and Decontamination by Laser Ablation (D&D60283) Micelle Formation and Surface Interactions in Supercritical C02 Fundamental Studies for the Extraction of Actinides from Contaminated Surfaces (D&D64865) Supercritical Carbon Dioxide-Soluble Ligands for Extracting Actinide Metal ions from Porous Solids (D&D64965) Real-Time Identification and Characterization of Asbestos and Concrete Materials with Radioactive Contamination (D&D65004) Advanced Sensing and Control Techniques to Facilitate Semi-Autonomous Decommissioning (D&D55052) Development of Monitoring and Diagnostic Methods for Robots Used in Remediation of Waste Sites (D&D60040) Total A p p e Mineral Surface Processes Responsible for the Decreased Retardation for Enhanced Mobilization of 1 37Cs from HLW Tank Discharges (SC60355) Atmospheric-Pressure Plasma Cleaning of Contaminated Surfaces (D&D54914) In-Situ Spectro-Electrochemical Studies of Radionuclide Contaminated Surface Films on Metals and the Mechanism of Their Formation and Dissolution (D&D55380) Mechanisms of Radionuclide-Hydroxycarboxylic Acid Interactions for Decontamination of Metallic Surfaces (D&D64946) Optimization of Thermochemical, Kinetic, and Electrochemical Factors Governing Partitioning of Radionuclides During Melt Decontamination of Radioactively Contaminated Stainless Steel (D&D60363) Reactivity of Primary Soil Minerals and Secondary Precipitates Beneath Leaking Hanford Waste (SC70070) Spectroscopy, Modeling and Computation of Metal Chelate Solubility in Supercritical C02 (MW54942) Photocatalytic and Chemical Oxidation of Organic Compounds in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide (MW54847) Improved Decontamination: Interfacial,Transport, and Chemical Properties of Aqueous Surfactant Cleaners (D&D649 1 2) Long-Term Risk from Actinides in the Environment: Modes of Mobility (SC60015) 22 (HLW=3 D&D=14 SC= 3 MW=2) n d i x B 113