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STUDY COMMITTEE BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION Kirsi K. Tikka, Chair, is Professor of Naval Architecture at the Webb In- stitute in New York, where she lectures and conducts research in ship structures and environmental performance of tankers in collision and grounding accidents. Dr. Tikka received a Ph.D. in naval architecture from the University of CaliforniaBerkeley and an M.S. in mechanical engi- neering from the Helsinki University of Technology. She currently teaches courses in ship design and structures at Webb. Previously she held posi- tions at Chevron Shipping Company as Senior Structural Specialist; Senior Operations Planner; and Senior Analyst, Tanker Planning and Economics. Dr. Tikka served on the NRC (Marine Board) committee that produced the 1998 report Double Hull Tanker Legislation: An Assessment of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990. She is active in the Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers, where she serves as working group leader for a panel on structural response in grounding and collision. She is also Chair of the Committee on Risk Analysis for the International Ship and Offshore Structures Congress. Peter F. Bontadelli is a private consultant in natural resources policy issues. From 1992 through March 1999, he served as Administrator of the Office of Oil Spill Prevention and Response of the California Department of Fish and Game, where he directed prevention, removal, abatement, response, containment, and cleanup efforts related to oil spills in the marine waters of California. His previous experience at the Department of Fish and Game included service as Special Assistant to the Director, Chief Deputy Director, and Department Director. During that time, he served on various environmental panels, including the Pacific Flyway Council (of which he is a former President), the North American Wetlands Con- servation Council, the Pacific Fishery Management Council, the Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission, the International Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies, and the Western Association of Fish and Wildlife 132

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STUDY COMMITTEE BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION 133 Agencies. Mr. Bontadelli served on the NRC (Marine Board) committee that produced the 1998 report Double Hull Tanker Legislation: An Assessment of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990, among others, and is currently a member of the Board. He received a B.A. in political science from the University of CaliforniaDavis. John M. Burke is retired Vice President and Director of Mobil Shipping and Transportation Company and Manager of its Technical and Offshore Divisions. He was responsible for Mobil's new shipbuilding activities. He is a graduate of the University of Michigan with a B.S. in naval archi- tecture and marine engineering. His previous positions include Chartered Fleet Coordinator for Exxon International in New York, Marine Engi- neering Manager for Exxon USA in Houston, Naval Architect and ship- building project manager for Esso International in London, and Design Engineer for aircraft carriers and submarine construction programs with Newport News Shipbuilding Company. Mr. Burke served on the NRC (Marine Board) committee that produced the 1991 report Tanker Spills: Prevention by Design. He participated in the United Nations' 1992 IMO Comparative Study on Tanker Design and is a member of the Society of Naval Architects, the Royal Institute of Naval Architects, and the American Bureau of Shipping. Paul S. Fischbeck is Associate Professor in the Department of Engineering and Public Policy and the Department of Social and Decision Sciences at Carnegie Mellon University. His general research involves normative and descriptive risk analysis. Past and current research includes the de- velopment of a risk index for prioritizing inspections of offshore oil- production platforms; an engineering and economic policy analysis of air pollution from international shipping; a large-scale probabilistic risk as- sessment of the space shuttle's tile protection system; and a geographic in- formation system designed to evaluate the environmental risk, economic potential, and political factors of abandoned industrial sites. Dr. Fischbeck was a member of the Marine Board's Committee on Risk Assessment and Management of Marine Systems and has been a technical advisor to the Ship Structures Committee. He received a B.S. in architecture from the University of Virginia, an M.S. in operations research and systems analysis from the Naval Postgraduate School, and a Ph.D. in industrial engineering and engineering management from Stanford University. Dr. Fischbeck has written extensively on various applications of decision and risk analysis methods and has won several awards from the Institute of Operations Research and Management Sciences. He is a retired Navy Captain.

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ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE OF TANKER DESIGNS 134 Alan G. Gavin is Marine Director, Lloyd's Register of Shipping, London, a leading classification society that sets and monitors design and perfor- mance standards for commercial ships operating worldwide. He is re- sponsible for global marine technical and commercial policy, as well as for ship research and development activities, classification, and quality matters. He also represents Lloyd's in legal cases. Previously, Mr. Gavin held the posts of Manager of Research and Development and Manager of the Construction Services Department at Lloyd's. He has conducted major structural analysis projects, fatigue analyses, and model tests of tankers and ship containment systems, and published numerous papers on tanker design, ship structures, risk management, and double-hull design details. Mr. Gavin has served with Lloyd's in the United Kingdom and Japan. He currently represents Lloyd's on the Council of the Inter- national Association of Classifications Societies (IACS) and has served as Chairman of the IACS Working Party on Strength and as Chairman of the IACS group responsible for preparing the Shipbuilding and Quality Repair Standards. Mr. Gavin received a B.S. (with honors) in naval architecture from Strathclyde University in 1973 and is a member of the Royal Institution of Naval Architects and a Chartered Engineer. Sally Ann Lentz is Executive Director and General Counsel of Ocean Ad- vocates, a national nonprofit environmental organization that promotes marine policy positions within the U.S. government and international or- ganizations. In that capacity, she develops and coordinates policy positions for coalitions of domestic and international environmental organizations on shipping, coastal, and marine issues, and represents these organizations at international conventions addressing oil pollution from tanker accidents. Ms. Lentz has a diploma in European integration from the University of Amsterdam, a JD from the University of Maryland, and a B.A. in sociology and anthropology from Oberlin College. She is a member of the District of Columbia and Maryland Bars and has served as a member of U.S. and environmental delegations to IMO and other international and regional forums. Ms. Lentz served on the Marine Board committees that produced the 1991 report Tanker Spills: Prevention by Design and the 1998 report Double Hull Tanker Legislation: An Assessment of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990. She has published extensively in professional and legal journals on marine and ocean environmental protection issues. J. Randolph Paulling, a member of the National Academy of Engineering (NAE), is Professor Emeritus of Naval Architecture, Department of Naval Architecture and Offshore Engineering, University of CaliforniaBerkeley.

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STUDY COMMITTEE BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION 135 Previously, he served at Berkeley as Chairman of the Department of Naval Architecture and Chairman of the Faculty of the College of Engi- neering. Dr. Paulling has held positions with the research department of Det Norske Veritas, Oslo, Norway and with the National Maritime Institute in London, the University of Tokyo, and the University of New South Wales. He has a B.S. and an M.S. in naval architecture from Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a Dr. Eng. in naval engineering from the Uni- versity of CaliforniaBerkeley. Dr. Paulling is a member of numerous pro- fessional societies, including the Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers (SNAME), which he served as Vice President from 1985 to 1988. He is a Fellow of the Royal Institution of Naval Architects and a member of the editorial committee of the Journal of Ship Research. Dr. Paulling was chairman of the National Academy of Sciences/NAE Committee on As- suring the Safety of Innovative Structures and chaired the 20th Interna- tional Towing Tank Conference in 1993. He was named as one of four U.S. "Eminent Ocean Engineers" by the American Society of Civil Engineers and Japan Society for the Promotion of Science. In 1985, SNAME awarded him the David W. Taylor gold medal for notable achievement in naval architecture. Dragos Rauta is Technical Manager of INTERTANKO, Oslo, Norway, an independent association of owners and operators of tank vessels involved in oil and chemical transportation operations worldwide, representing the majority of the world tanker fleet. He is responsible for technical issues related to ship design, operations, regulatory issues, pollution prevention, maintenance and inspection, and accident investigations. Mr. Rauta re- ceived an M.S. in naval architecture from the Romanian University and since 1990 has represented INTERTANKO with industry and international mar- itime organizations in matters related to safety and environmental issues. He is a member of Det Norske Veritas' Nordic Committee for Safety at Sea and an associate member of SNAME. He has served on committees and working groups responsible for developing standards and regulations for tanker designs within IMO, IACS, the International Chamber of Shipping, OCIMF, and SNAME. Philip G. Rynn is currently Senior Staff Consultant for Engineering Man- agement with ABS (American Bureau of Shipping) Americas, one of the leading ship classification societies in the world. He has been with ABS since 1965. He is responsible for oversight of technical services, including approval of ship designs and appraisal and analysis of designs for com- pliance with ABS rules and other statutory requirements, such as USCG

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ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE OF TANKER DESIGNS 136 regulations and IMO requirements. Mr. Rynn received a B.S. in marine en- gineering from the State University of New York Maritime College and has served on numerous U.S. and international committees that oversee and advise the maritime industry on design and safety issues. He is currently a member of the Tanker Structure Cooperative Forum Work Group, the Ship Structures Committee, and the Chemical Transportation Advisory Com- mittee of USCG, and is Chairman of the SNAME Hull Structure Committee. Robert Unsworth is a principal with Industrial Economics, Inc., a public policy and economics consulting firm. His specialties include natural resource economics, damage assessment, environmental benefits as- sessment, and policy analysis. He is a nationally recognized expert in natural resource damage assessments for oil spills and hazardous waste sites and is a leader in efforts to apply regulatory costbenefit analysis to reduce the effects of environmental pollution. Mr. Unsworth has conducted a variety of assessments of the economic impacts of oil spills, including the Exxon Valdez spill and other tanker accidents. He has provided expert testimony in several damage assessment cases and assisted the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in developing regulations and guidance for damage assessment. He also developed a training manual on damage assessment for the Fish and Wildlife Service. Mr. Unsworth has published in the field of environmental economics, lectured at universities and professional meetings, and conducted training sessions for organiza- tions including the Department of the Interior and others. He holds a B.S. in forestry from the New York State College of Environmental Science and Forestry and a master's degree in forest science from Yale University. Luther W. White is Professor of Mathematics at the University of OklahomaNorman. He has worked extensively on statistical analyses re- lated to tanker design issues, particularly with regard to environmental protection guidelines such as those established by IMO. He has organized meetings and seminars on mathematical theory; published widely in pro- fessional journals; and consulted with research organizations, publishing companies, engineering instructional groups, and commercial companies such as Marine Safety Systems and Mobil Oil Company. Dr. White re- ceived a B.S. from Oklahoma Baptist University and an M.S. and Ph.D. in mathematics from the University of Illinois. He is a member of Sigma Xi, a University of Oklahoma Associates Distinguished Lecturer, and recipient of the Regent's Award for Superior Research.