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31 Panel on Science and Technology Centers PANEL BIOGRAPHIES RICHARD N. ZARE (Chairman) is Professor of Chemistry at Stanford University. From 1975 to 1977, Dr. Zare served as Higgins Professor of Natural Science at Columbia University before joining Stanford University as Professor in the Department of Chemistry. In 1985, as a recipient of the National Medal of Science, he was cited "for his seminal contributions to molecular spectroscopy, photochemistry, and chemical reaction dynamics, especially for his incisive theoretical methods and the development of the experimental technique of laser induced fluorescence." He serves in an editorial and advisory capacity for the journals of Chemical Physics Letters, Chemical Physics, The Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy, and Chemical and Engineering News. Dr. Zare holds both a B.A. in Chemistry and Physics (1961) and a Ph.D. in Chemical Physics (1964) from Harvard University. NORMAN M. BRADBURN is Provost of the University of Chicago. Dr. Bradburn joined the faculty of the Graduate School of Business, University of Chicago, in 1960. He served as Chairman of the Department of Behavioral Sciences from 1973 to 1979 and is Tiffany and Margaret Blake Distinguished Service Professor ~ 1977- ). In 1984 he became Provost. He was also Director of the National Opinion Research Center, Chicago (1967-1971; 1979-1984~. His publications include The Structure of Well-Being (1970), Side by Side, A Study of Integrated Psychological
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32 Neighborhood s ( 197 1, with S. Superman, G. Gockel), and Asking Questions, A Practical Guide to Questionnaire Construction (1983, with S. Sudman). Dr. Bradburn is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the American Statistics Association and a member of the International Statistics Institute, the American Sociological Association, and the American Association for Public Opinion Research. Dr. Bradburn received a B.A. from the University of Chicago (1952) and Oxford (1955) and a M.A. (1958) and Ph.D. in Social Psychology (1960) from Harvard University. PRAVEEN CHAUDHARI is Vice President for Science and Director of the Physical Sciences Department, Thomas J. Watson Research Center, IBM Corporation, Yorktown Heights, New York. Dr. Chauclhari served as a member of the IBM Corporation research staff from 1966 to 1980, during which time he became Director of the Physical Sciences Department. Dr. Chaudhari is a recipient of the Leadership Award of the Metallurgical Society of the American Institute of Mechanical Engineering and the George E. Pake Award of the American Physical Society. He is a Fellow of the American Physical Society and a member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He serves on a number of committees and advisory boards and in several editorial positions. His research interests are in amorphous solids, defects in solids, superconductivity, quantum transport, magnetic monopoles, and neutrino mass localization. Dr. Chaubhari received a B.A. (1961) from the Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, and Sc.D. (1966) from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. ERNEST G. JAWORSKI is Director of Biological Sciences at the Monsanto Company, St. Louis, Missouri. Dr. Jaworsk~ began his professional experience in chemistry at the University of Minnesota. Beginning in 1952, he held several positions with Monsanto Company including Resident Biochemist (1952-1954), Resident
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33 Group Leader ~ 1 954- 1960), Scientist ( 1 960- 1962), Senior Scientist (1962-1970), and Distinguished Science Fellow (1970- ). Concurrently, he is a member of the Frasch Foundation Awards Committee of the American Chemical Society (1969- ); he has served as Chairman, Gordon Conference on Plant Cell and Tissue Culture ( 1 973- 1975) and was a Trustee ( 1 975- l 9X 1 ~ and later Chairman of the Board of Trustees ( 1978-1979) for Gordon Research Conferences, Inc. He serves in an editorial capacity with The Journal o f the A merican Society o f Plant Physiologists ( 1 97 3- ), Trend s in Biotechnology ( 1984- ), and BioScience ( 1984- ). His research interests are in plant growth regulation, hormones and metabolism; plant chemotherapeutic investigations; mechanism of action of herbicides; radioisotope techniques; biosynthesis of chitin; plant cell and tissue culture; plant organogenesis; cell biology, and molecular biology. Dr. Jaworski holds a B.S. ( 1948) from the University of Minnesota and a US. (1950) and Ph.D. in Biochemistry (1952) from Oregon State University. DANIEL KLEPPNER is Lester Wolfe Professor of Physics and Associate Director of the Research Laboratory of Electronics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dr. Kleppner joined the Department of Physics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1966. From 1976 to 1979, he was Head of the Division of Atomic, Condensed Matter and Plasma Physics, Department of Physics. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Science and a fellow of the American Physical Society and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He has served as Chairperson of the Division of Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics of the American Physical Society and is currently a Councilor of that society. In 1986, Dr. Kleppner was awarded the Davisson-Germer Prize of the American Physical Society. His research interests are in experimental atomic physics, high-precision measurements, and quantum optics. Dr. Kleppner received a B.A. from Williams College ( 1953) and from Cambridge University ( 1955~; he has a Ph.D. in Physics ( 1960) from Harvard University.
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City. 34 JOSHUA LEDERBERG is President of Rockefeller University, New York Dr. Lederberg moved from Assistant Professor to Professor of Genetics at the University of Wisconsin (1947-1958) and became Professor of Medical Genetics and Chairman of the Department in 1955. He became Professor and Chairman of Genetics in the Medical School at Stanford University in 1959 and in 1978 joined Rockefeller University. He also held an appointment in the Computer Science Department at Stanford University. Dr. Lederberg has served as a consultant to the Syntex Corporation, Cetus Corporation, Celanese, and many government agencies. His research interests are in microbiology, molecular genetics and evolution, science policy, and computer science. Dr. Lederberg received a B.A. ~ 1944) from Columbia University and a Ph.D. in Microbiology (1947) from Yale University. DONALD J. LEWIS is Professor of Mathematics at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. Dr. Lewis advanced from Assistant Professor to Associate Professor at the University of Notre Dame ~ 1953- 1961); he moved to the University of Michigan in 1961 and became Professor of Mathematics in 1963 and Chairman of the Department in 1984. He was concurrently NSF Senior Fellow at Manchester and Cambridge universities (1959-1961~; Senior Visiting Fellow at Cambridge University ~ 1965- 1969~; Visiting Fellow, Brasenose College, Oxford ~ 1969~; and Guest Professor at Heidelberg University ~ 1979- 1980, 1983~. He was awarded the Humboldt Stiftung Senior Award in 1980 and 1982. He is a member of the American Mathematics Society and the Mathematics Association of America. Dr. Lewis was Chairman of the Editorial Board for Mathematical Reviews and currently serves on the editorial boards of Zentralblatt fur Mathematik, Acta Arithmetica, and Journal of Number Theory. His research interests are in Diophantine equations, finite fields, and algebraic number theory. Dr. Lewis holds a B.S. ~ 1946) from the College at St. Thomas and a US. ~ 1949) and Ph.D (1950) in Mathematics from the University of Michigan.
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35 WILLIAM PRESS is Professor of Astronomy and of Physics at Harvard University. Dr. Press is a member of the Center for Astrophysics and former Chairman of the Department of Astronomy at Harvard (1982-1985~. He was Tolman Research Fellow in Theoretical Physics at the California Institute of Technology (1972-1973) and Assistant Professor of Physics at Princeton University ~ 1973- 1976~. Dr. Press concurrently is a consultant for the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory ~ 1973- ), Mitre Corporation (1977- ), and Los Alamos National Laboratory (1984- ). He won the Warner Prize of the American Astronomy Society in 1981. Dr. Press has served in a number of advisory positions with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the National Academy of Sciences, the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, and the National Science Foundation. He is Chairman of the Advisory Board to the National Science Foundation Institute for Theoretical Physics and is a member of the Defense Science Board. Dr. Press's research interests are relativistic astrophysics, theoretical astrophysics, cosmology, galaxy formation, general relativity, and numerical methods. Dr. Press received an A.B. (1969) from Harvard University, and a US. ~ 1971 ~ and Ph.D. in Physics ~ 1972) from the California Institute of Technology. LEON T. SILVER is the W. M. Keck Foundation Professor for Resource Geology, Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena. Dr. Silver has been an educator with the California Institute of Technology since 1955. He was a geologist with the United States Geological Survey from 1947 to 1975; a Guggenheim Fellow (1964-1965); a member of the Subcommittee on Geochronology, International Union of Geological Sciences ~ 1970~; and Chairman ~ 1984- 1985) of the Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy, National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine. He is currently a consultant with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration ~ 1971 - ), from which he received the Exceptional Science
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36 Achievement Medal 1971. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the Mineralogical Society of America, Geochemical Society, American Geophysical Union, American Association for the Advancement of Science, ant! American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He has served as President of the Geological Society. His research interests are in igneous and metamorphic petrology; geochemistry of uranium, thorium, and lead; geochronology; regional geology of the southwestern United States; tectonic history of North America; and mineralogy and petrology of meteorites and lunar materials. Dr. Silver received a B.Sc. ~ 1945) from the University of Colorado, a M.S. ~1948) from the University of New Mexico, and a Ph.D. in Geology and Geochemistry (1955) from the California Institute of Technology. LARRY SMARR is Director of the National Center for Supercomputing Applications and Professor in the Departments of Astronomy and Physics, University of Illinois, Champaign. Dr. Smarr was a lecturer in the Department of Astrophysics, Princeton University (1974-1975), and subsequently a Junior Fellow in the Harvard Society of Fellows (1976-1979~. While at Harvard, he was also a research affiliate with the Department of Physics, Yale University (1978-1979~. He has been on the faculty of the University of Illinois since 1979. He was Visiting Fellow, Cambridge University (1978) and Max Planck Institute for Physics and Astrophysics ~ 1981 - 1983~. He has been consultant with the Smithsonian Astrophysics Observatory ~ 1979- 1981), and currently consults with the Los Alamos National Laboratory (1983- ~ and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory ~ 1976- ). Dr. Smarr is a member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Physical Society, and the American Astronomy Society. He was associate editor for the Journal of Computational Physics ( 1977-1980) and currently serves on the editorial board of Science. His research interests are in relativistic astrophysics, radio galaxies, numerical relativity, and numerical hydrodynamics. Dr. Smarr holds a B.A. and a M:S. (1970) from the University of Missouri, a M.S. ~ 1972) from Stanford University, and Ph.D. in Physics (1975) from the University of Texas at Austin.
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37 JOSEPH E. VARNER is Charles Rebstock Professor of Biology, Department of Biology, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri. Dr. Varner was a chemist with Owens-Corning Fiberglas Corporation (1943-1944~; research engineer with Battelle Memorial Institute (1946-1947); research associate with the Research Foundation (1949-1950) and Assistant Professor of Agricultural Biochemistry (1950- 1953), Ohio State University; Research Fellow, California Institute of (1953- 1954); and Associate Professor and Professor at University (1954- 1961). He was scientist of the Research Technology Ohio State Institute of Advanced Study, Martin-Marietta Company (1961-1965), and Professor with Michigan State University (1965-1973). Concurrently, Dr. Varner was National Science Foundation Fellow at Cambridge University (1959-1960) and at the University of Washington (1971 - 1972). He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, American Society of Biological Chemistry, American Society of Plant Physiology, and a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. His research interests are plant biochemistry, biochemistry of aging cells, action mechanism of plant hormones, and cell wall glycoproteins. Dr. Varner received a B.Sc. (1942), a M.Sc. (1943), and Ph.D. in Biochemistry (1949) from Ohio State University. He holds an honorary doctorate from L'Universite de Nancy (1977).
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Representative terms from entire chapter: