Appendix

Workshop Materials

Agenda

March 13, 2001

8:15 a.m.–8:45 a.m.

Registration and Continental Breakfast

8:45 a.m.–9:00 a.m.

Welcome, Introductions, and Purpose of the Workshop

Elena O. Nightingale, Workshop Co-Chair, Scholar-in Residence, National Academy of Sciences

Baruch Fischhoff, Workshop Co-Chair. University Professor, Department of Social and Decision Sciences, Department of Engineering and Public Policy, Carnegie Mellon University

9:00 a.m.–10:15 a.m.

Threats to Adolescent Well-Being: A Conceptual Framework

Robert William Blum, Professor, Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota

(co-authors: Clea S. McNeely and James Nonnemaker)

Reactors/Discussants:

Lloyd Kolbe, Director, Division of Adolescent and School Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Beatrix A. Hamburg, Visiting Scholar, Department of Psychiatry, Cornell University Medical College



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Adolescent Risk and Vulnerability: Concepts and Measurement Appendix Workshop Materials Agenda March 13, 2001 8:15 a.m.–8:45 a.m. Registration and Continental Breakfast 8:45 a.m.–9:00 a.m. Welcome, Introductions, and Purpose of the Workshop Elena O. Nightingale, Workshop Co-Chair, Scholar-in Residence, National Academy of Sciences Baruch Fischhoff, Workshop Co-Chair. University Professor, Department of Social and Decision Sciences, Department of Engineering and Public Policy, Carnegie Mellon University 9:00 a.m.–10:15 a.m. Threats to Adolescent Well-Being: A Conceptual Framework Robert William Blum, Professor, Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota (co-authors: Clea S. McNeely and James Nonnemaker) Reactors/Discussants: Lloyd Kolbe, Director, Division of Adolescent and School Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Beatrix A. Hamburg, Visiting Scholar, Department of Psychiatry, Cornell University Medical College

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Adolescent Risk and Vulnerability: Concepts and Measurement Q&A and General Discussion What do we know about vulnerability? What factors predispose adolescents to risk? What vulnerabilities do adolescents with special needs face? What buffers exist to reduce risk? What do recent studies tell us about trends that are associated with poor outcomes? What role(s) does the environment play in vulnerability? What opportunities exist for promoting adolescent well-being? What are the consequences of failure to support adolescent well-being? Can a new conceptual model help us to understand and moderate adolescent vulnerability? 10:15 a.m.–10:30 a.m. Break 10:30 a.m.–11:45 a.m. Modeling the Payoffs of Interventions to Reduce Adolescent Vulnerability Martha R. Burt, Program Director and Principal Research Associate, Urban Institute (co-authors: Janine M. Zweig and John Roman) Reactors/Discussants: *Susan P. Curnan, Associate Professor and Chair, MM/MBA Program in Child, Youth, and Family Studies and Director, Center for Youth and Communities, Heller Graduate School, Brandeis University Peter Edelman, Professor of Law, Georgetown University Law Center Q&A and General Discussion How can social cost be defined? What models help us understand lifelong costs and benefits of risky behaviors in adolescence? *   Note: Ms. Curnan responded in writing as she was prevented from traveling by weather.

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Adolescent Risk and Vulnerability: Concepts and Measurement Why should society be motivated to address the problems experienced by adolescents? What can we learn about adolescent vulnerability if we view adolescents as individuals, human capital, or a societal value? What is the cost of adolescents’ high-risk behavior to society relative to other societal costs? What impact can interventions and public investments have on reducing adolescent vulnerability? 11:45 a.m.–12:30 p.m. Quick Lunch 12:30 p.m.–1:45 p.m. Adolescent Vulnerability: Measurement and Priority Setting Baruch Fischhoff, Professor, Carnegie Mellon University (co-author: Henry Willis) Reactors/Discussants: Matthew Stagner, Principal Research Associate, Population Studies Center, Urban Institute Mark Cohen, Associate Professor, Owen Graduate School of Management, Vanderbilt University Q&A and General Discussion What approaches can be taken to assess the burden of vulnerability? What are the components of the full burden of vulnerability? What alternative ways can be used to measure and weight risks? What indices are useful to monitor progress in reducing vulnerability? What values govern funding priorities and mechanisms? What social mechanisms can be used to set priorities to reduce adolescent vulnerabilities?

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Adolescent Risk and Vulnerability: Concepts and Measurement 1:45 p.m.–3:00 p.m. Perceptions of Risk and Vulnerability Susan G. Millstein, Professor of Pediatrics, Division of Adolescent Medicine, University of California at San Francisco (co-author: Bonnie Halpern-Felsher) Reactors/Discussants: Richard M. Lerner, Bergstrom Chair in Applied Developmental Science, Eliot-Pearson Department of Child Development, Tufts University Ann Masten, Professor, Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota Q&A and General Discussion What data illuminate our knowledge about adolescents’ beliefs about risk and vulnerability? What data illuminate our knowledge about adults’ beliefs about adolescents’ risk and vulnerability? How do beliefs about risks influence judgments about risk taking? What do we know about adolescents’ abilities to manage risk and opportunity? How accurate are adolescents’ and adults’ perceptions of risk? How do they compare? What are the important sources of bias in their perceptions? 3:00 p.m.–3:15 p.m. Break 3:15 p.m.–4:30 p.m. Opportunities for Bridging Research, Policy, and Practice Heather Weiss, Harvard Family Research Project, Harvard University Gary Melton, Director, Institute on Family and Neighborhood Life, Clemson University Shepherd Smith, President, Institute for Youth Development

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Adolescent Risk and Vulnerability: Concepts and Measurement Q&A and General Discussion 4:30 p.m. Concluding Remarks and Adjourn Baruch Fischhoff and Elena O, Nightingale PRESENTERS Robert William Blum, Center for Adolescent Health, University of Minnesota-Twin Cities Martha R. Burt, Urban Institute, Washington, DC Mark Cohen, Owen Graduate School of Management, Vanderbilt University *Susan P. Curnan, Heller Graduate School, Brandeis University Peter Edelman, Law Center, Georgetown University Baruch Fischhoff, Department of Social and Decision Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University Beatrix A. Hamburg, Psychiatry Department, Cornell University Medical College Lloyd J. Kolbe, Division of Adolescent and School Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA Richard M. Lerner, Eliot-Pearson Department of Child Development, Tufts University Ann S. Masten, Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota-Twin Cities Clea McNeely, Division of General Pediatrics and Adolescent Health, University of Minnesota-Twin Cities Gary B. Melton, Institute on Family and Neighborhood Life, Clemson University Susan G. Millstein, Division of Adolescent Medicine, University of California-San Francisco Elena O. Nightingale, Board on Children, Youth, and Families, National Research Council, Washington, DC *   Note: Ms. Curnan responded in writing as she was prevented from traveling by weather.

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Adolescent Risk and Vulnerability: Concepts and Measurement Shepherd Smith, The Institute for Youth Development, Washington, DC Matthew Stagner, Population Studies Center, Urban Institute, Washington, DC Heather Weiss, Harvard Family Research Project, Harvard University PARTICIPANTS Cheryl Alexander, Department of Population and Family Health Services, Center for Adolescent Health, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health Nan Marie Astone, School of Hygiene and Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University Stephani Becker, Lucile Packard Foundation for Children’s Health, Palo Alto, CA Jennifer L. Brooks, Child Trends, Washington, DC Brett Brown, Social Indicators Research, Child Trends, Washington, DC Sarah Brown, National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, Washington, DC Barney Cohen, Committee on Population, National Research Council Nancy Crowell, Committee on Law and Justice, National Research Council Marilyn Dabady, Youth Population and Military Recruitment, Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences, National Research Council Paula Duncan, Vermont Agency of Human Services Valerie Durrant, Committee on Population, National Research Council Glen Elliott, Langley Porter Psychiatric Institute, University of California-San Francisco Ellen Fern, National Partnerships and State and Local Action, National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, Washington, DC Bridget Freeman, Healthy Adolescent Project, American Psychological Association, Washington, DC Beth Frerking, Casey Journalism Center on Children and Families, College Park, MD Jennifer Gootman, Board on Children, Youth, and Families, National Research Council and Institute of Medicine Sandra Graham, Department of Education, University of California-Los Angeles Robert C. Granger, William T. Grant Foundation, New York, NY

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Adolescent Risk and Vulnerability: Concepts and Measurement Erica Greenstein, National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, Washington, DC Ruth Toby Gross, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University Umit Guvenc, Department of Engineering and Public Policy, Carnegie Mellon University Elizabeth C. Hair, Child Trends, Washington, DC Bonnie Halpern-Felsher, Division of Adolescent Medicine, University of California-San Francisco Isadora R. Hare, Office on Adolescent Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, MD Jamie Davis Hueston, Indian Health Service, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, MD Renee R. Jenkins, Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, College of Medicine, Howard University Meredith Kelsey, Office of Planning and Evaluation, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC Michele Kipke, Board on Children, Youth, and Families, National Research Council and Institute of Medicine Laura Lippman, National Center for Education Statistics, Washington, DC Andrea MacKay, Office of Analysis, Epidemiology, and Health Promotion, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, MD Jeffrey Merrill, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Piscataway, NJ Laura E. Montgomery, Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, MD Susan Newcomer, National Institute for Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD James Nonnemaker, Division of General Pediatrics and Adolescent Health, University of Minnesota-Twin Citites Catherine Pino, Carnegie Corporation of New York Holly Reed, Committee on Population, National Research Council John Roman, Urban Institute, Washington, DC Patrick Rooney, National Center for Education Statistics, Washington, DC Jane Ross, Center for Social and Economic Studies, National Research Council

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Adolescent Risk and Vulnerability: Concepts and Measurement Donna E. Shalala, Washington, DC Andrea Solarz, American Psychological Association, Washington, DC Laura Sessions Stepp, Style Section, The Washington Post, Washington, DC Elizabeth Sullivan, Development and Finance Assistant, National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, Washington, DC Rochelle Tafolla, Media Program Associate, National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, Washington, DC Ruby Takanishi, Foundation for Child Development, New York, NY Bill Treanor, Youth Today, Washington, DC Sharon Vandivere, Child Trends, Washington, DC Patience H. White, Pediatric Rheumatology, Children’s National Medical Center, Bethesda, MD Jennifer Widness, Youth Leadership Team, National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, Washington, DC Henry Willis, Department of Engineering and Public Policy, Carnegie Mellon University Audrey Yowell, Office of Adolescent Health, Maternal and Child Health Bureau, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, MD Jonathan F. Zaff, Child Trends, Washington, DC Diana Zuckerman, National Center for Policy Research for Women and Families, Washington, DC Janine Zweig, Labor and Social Policy Center, Urban Institute, Washington, DC