Appendix C

Table C.1 U.S. public (USDA and State Agricultural Experiment Stations [SAES]) and private agricultural research funds by performing organization, 1888–1990 (millions of 1984 dollars)

 

Price Index for Agricultural Research

Public Agricultural Research

Private Agricultural Research a/

Year

(1984–1.0)

USDA

SAES

Total

1888

0.0472

3.093

15.254

18.347

 

1889

0.0472

3.030

15.254

18.284

1890

0.0472

4.767

19.513

24.280

1891

0.0469

4.435

19.446

23.881

1892

0.0458

4.214

22.620

26.834

1893

0.0471

4.119

20.658

24.777

1894

0.0444

4.392

23.086

27.477

1895

0.0454

5.374

24.361

29.736

32.400

1896

0.0452

4.469

26.394

30.863

 

1897

0.0452

4.558

26.372

30.929

1898

0.0468

4.423

27.201

31.624

1899

0.0493

5.051

24.665

29.716



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OCR for page 125
Publicly Funded Agricultural Research and the Changing Structure of U.S. Agriculture Appendix C Table C.1 U.S. public (USDA and State Agricultural Experiment Stations [SAES]) and private agricultural research funds by performing organization, 1888–1990 (millions of 1984 dollars)   Price Index for Agricultural Research Public Agricultural Research Private Agricultural Research a/ Year (1984–1.0) USDA SAES Total 1888 0.0472 3.093 15.254 18.347   1889 0.0472 3.030 15.254 18.284 1890 0.0472 4.767 19.513 24.280 1891 0.0469 4.435 19.446 23.881 1892 0.0458 4.214 22.620 26.834 1893 0.0471 4.119 20.658 24.777 1894 0.0444 4.392 23.086 27.477 1895 0.0454 5.374 24.361 29.736 32.400 1896 0.0452 4.469 26.394 30.863   1897 0.0452 4.558 26.372 30.929 1898 0.0468 4.423 27.201 31.624 1899 0.0493 5.051 24.665 29.716

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Publicly Funded Agricultural Research and the Changing Structure of U.S. Agriculture   Price Index for Agricultural Research Public Agricultural Research Private Agricultural Research a/ Year (1984–1.0) USDA SAES Total 1900 0.0521 5.067 24.434 29.501   1901 0.0522 8.927 26.284 35.211 1902 0.0547 11.865 27.148 39.013 1903 0.0571 12.907 28.161 41.068 1904 0.0557 14.794 30.844 45.637 1905 0.0567 14.797 30.459 45.256 53.100 1906 0.0583 18.971 41.252 60.223   1907 0.0605 25.256 45.934 71.190 1908 0.0596 26.510 55.084 81.594 1909 0.0617 39.287 54.587 93.874 1910 0.0632 35.570 61.487 97.057   1911 0.0612 45.033 65.523 110.556 1912 0.0640 50.016 70.188 120.203 1913 0.0664 47.666 76.596 124.262 1914 0.0655 63.771 86.107 149.878 1915 0.0668 60.419 86.482 146.901 101.600 1916 0.0753 65.511 75.219 140.730   1917 0.0933 59.893 64.652 124.544 1918 0.1020 64.490 65.147 129.637 1919 0.1091 74.601 65.060 139.661 1920 0.1225 63.184 66.947 130.131   1921 0.1062 149.369 81.742 231.111 1923 0.1087 148.289 92.355 240.644 1924 0.1089 151.598 96.814 248.411 1925 0.1130 195.858 96.664 292.522 140.000 1926 0.1133 206.346 110.477 316.823   1927 0.1126 190.107 119.547 309.654 1928 0.1153 199.922 133.591 333.513 1929 0.1158 250.924 144.940 395.864 1930 0.1116 326.093 164.095 490.188   1931 0.1064 328.769 173.571 502.340 1932 0.1018 304.715 173.320 478.035 1933 0.0993 289.940 159.980 449.919 1934 0.1003 276.670 143.918 420.588 1935 0.0992 285.121 153.972 439.093 405.400 1936 0.1012 281.611 164.526 446.136   1937 0.1067 257.460 167.994 425.455 1938 0.1028 277.986 195.039 473.025 1939 0.1029 340.214 202.634 542.847

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Publicly Funded Agricultural Research and the Changing Structure of U.S. Agriculture   Price Index for Agricultural Research Public Agricultural Research Private Agricultural Research a/ Year (1984–1.0) USDA SAES Total 1940 0.1035 318.406 207.362 525.768   1941 0.1077 307.697 210.594 518.292 1942 0.1134 296.984 202.019 499.004 1943 0.1176 293.980 207.993 501.973 1944 0.1252 250.072 217.236 467.308 1945 0.1247 260.634 227.466 488.099 346.300 1946 0.1371 251.014 243.027 494.041   1947 0.1584 358.794 261.521 620.316 1948 0.1731 415.881 295.904 711.785 1949 0.1711 282.548 331.473 614.021 1950 0.1821 164.618 357.062 521.680   1951 0.1985 157.149 352.932 510.081 1952 0.2038 168.391 375.020 543.410 1953 0.2106 160.095 385.408 545.503 1954 0.2183 186.702 409.372 596.074 1955 0.2263 188.785 435.024 623.809 1956 0.2395 194.418 419.415 613.833 890.600 1957 0.2517 239.050 449.670 688.721 994.100 1958 0.2490 271.940 508.446 780.386 1189.900 1959 0.2640 279.091 511.504 790.595 1086.700 1960 0.2717 274.056 523.905 797.961 1175.300 1961 0.2788 294.756 540.219 834.975 1120.800 1962 0.2896 295.328 555.435 850.763 1159.400 1963 0.2970 309.165 581.313 890.478 1210.500 1964 0.3092 343.797 605.049 948.845 1258.600 1965 0.3236 384.778 631.100 1015.878 1367.800 1966 0.3416 376.259 661.212 1037.471 1431.800 1967 0.3570 372.756 691.476 1064.232 1476.200 1968 0.4049 319.331 624.194 943.524 1386.200 1969 0.3983 345.205 649.608 994.813 1517.100 1970 0.4183 350.210 673.653 1023.863 1486.000 1971 0.4328 365.016 692.740 1057.756 1479.500 1972 0.4519 459.533 765.751 1225.284 1494.400 1973 0.4837 445.979 795.127 1241.106 1579.700 1974 0.5286 424.410 801.901 1226.311 1602.700 1975 0.5654 440.021 852.821 1292.842 1577.800 1976 0.5921 607.782 1091.464 1699.247 1569.600 1977 0.6253 507.660 948.698 1456.359 1973.500 1978 0.6656 524.340 974.890 1499.231 2092.700 1979 0.7240 495.119 991.779 1486.898 2146.000

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Publicly Funded Agricultural Research and the Changing Structure of U.S. Agriculture   Price Index for Agricultural Research Public Agricultural Research Private Agricultural Research a/ Year (1984–1.0) USDA SAES Total 1980 0.7484 510.750 1075.402 1586.152 2300.100 1981 0.8183 541.317 1091.845 1633.163 2311.300 1982 0.8716 508.608 1092.585 1601.193 2348.800 1983 0.9518 500.718 1046.763 1547.481 2380.800 1984 .0000 482.492 1059.343 1541.835 2444.700 1985 .0531 502.702 1088.175 1590.877 2550.100 1986 .0944 471.241 1125.848 1597.089 2660.100 1987 .1383 482.894 1141.861 1624.754 2774.800 1988 .1210 521.967 1225.893 1747.860 2894.500 1989 .2729 468.344 1170.289 1638.633 3019.300 1990 1.3379 458.988 1193.254 1652.242 3149.500 1991 1.376 483.127 1220.447 1703.574 3269.847 1992 1.411 498.681 1219.531 1718.212 3222.913 1993 1.444 493.319 1209.504 1702.823 3400.644 1994 1.488 490.571 1227.073 1717.644 3389.671 1995 1.532 485.758 1218.649 1704.402 3595.907 1996 1.580 457.604 1195.134 1652.738 3554.873 1997 1.612 462.983 1201.520 1664.503 3676.895 a/ Estimates of private agricultural research expenditures were derived as a decade average for the period 1890–1950, and for 1985 and later. The numbers for private agricultural research are also an estimate. SOURCE: Updated from Huffman, W.E. and R.E.Evenson. 1993. Science for Agriculture: A Long Term Perspective. Ames, Iowa: Iowa State University Press, pp. 95–96.