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Appendix B CHARGE TO THE COMMITTEE ON GLOBAL AND INTERNATIONAL GEOLOGY Geology is a global science; our understanding of the processes that operate within the earth and of the evolution of the earth must come from a study of the entire globe. This means that no one country, such as the United States, can hope to develop in geology without significant international involvement. The development of geological concepts and the contribution of geology to our society have been and will continue to be dependent upon international research, cooperation, and exchange. Plate tectonics has revolutionized the earth sciences. We now can relate such features as earthquakes and volcanism to plate boundary activity, which can only be studied on a global scale; thus our predictive capabilities and hazard planning require international The natural resources of the earth are finite, and successful exploration, exploitation, apportionment, and predictive planning require a global data base. These are only a few of the reasons that the United States must strive for international scientific leadership in geology by academic, government, and industrial - scientists. The committee will be concerned with bilateral and multilateral international cooperative research projects, field research abroad by U.S. investigators, strengthening the U.S. data base on global geology, and support of participation in international congresses, commissions, symposia, and the general affairs of international societies. The committee will examine participation by U.S. scientists in all aspects of global and international geology. The committee should make recommendations on how our involvement in global and international earth sciences can be improved or strengthened. cooperation. October 9, 1981 49