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Appendix N INTERNATIONAL CENTRE FOR TRAINING AND GEOLOGICAL EXCHANGES (ICTGE) Centre International Pour la Formation et les Echanges Geologiques 103 Rue de Lile, 75007 PARIS, France At the closing of the 26th International Geological Congress held in Paris in July 1980, an idea was launched for the creation of a permanent center which, working together with the international organizations, would encourage and facilitate exchanges between institutions of all nationalities specializing in the Earth Sciences, and would provide assistance, in particular, for scientists and technicians with advanced training and study opportunities. The Earth Sciences contribute to the economic and social development of a nation via the exploitation and development of its mining resources. They also have a number of other important spheres of influence, in particular in the energy sector and that of territorial development. Geological studies are fundamental to the search for and the management of water resources. They are necessary for large-scale civil engineering projects and for environmental and impact studies, problems connected with urban expansion, etc. International cooperation implies that those countries that have an established tradition in the technologies corresponding to these activities have a duty to assist less industrialized nations, sharing with them the benefit of their experience. In order to do this, it is first necessary to find out the actual requirements of such countries, to study with them the consequences on a national or regional scale of new technological input, so that, in response to requests, efficient assistance may be provided for their development. Contacts established with the representative authorities responsible for international cooperation projects in the field o~ the Earth Sciences, have confirmed the concern of many countries--in particular those with developing industrialization--concerning scientific information, training opportunities and higher education Boor their executive staff. For practical considerations, the ICTGE--ar. internationally oriented organization under French jurisdiction--was created in August 1981 by the transformation of an already existing 'inundation. Administrative control of the Centre is assured by a Board of Directors of 24 members from various nations and belonging to a variety of organizations (including UNESCO). 93

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94 An Upper Scientific and Technical Council, again of international composition, will be created to assist the Board of Directors. This body will propose the general principles to govern the orientation of the Centre and give advice on the ICTGE work program. Its members will be drawn from representatives of the international organizations and from persons with experience of international cooperation in the Earth Sciences. The objectives of the ICTGE as regards the Earth Sciences have been outlined as follows: to promote the exchange of information between countries; to encourage all initiatives for scientific and technical training within the countries concerned, or outside them where no suitable facilities are locally available; to gather the requirements in geological information as expressed by these countries and to find with them the way of meeting these needs; to involve all types of organizations and associations concerned by the Earth Sciences in this work. The new Centre is not to form a substitute for the organizations already participating in international cooperation of this sort, but to facilitate their contacts and make the best possible use of their initiatives. TRAINING The ICTGE must first make an accurate survey of the requirements in cooperation-training as expressed by the various countries and in particular by the developing countries. This will be balanced by a survey of all the opportunities offered for higher education and specialized training in the industrialized countries. The training to be undertaken will be of two main types: group training programs inside the developing countries, usually intended for technicians, the coaching being provided by foreign teachers and engineers; research work or specialized studies by engineers and scientists carried out in the countries possessing the corresponding technology. MEETING PLACE AND COMMtJNICATION GENTER The Centre will serve as a focal point for meetings and communication between engineers and scientists Atom throughout the world. This part of its functions will present a threefold complementary aspect, in close association with its role as a documentation center (see below): welcome and information (scientific, technical and practical) at the head office;

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95 response to scientific and technical requests from various countries, often by channeling these requests towards the most suitable organizations; publication of an information and liaison bulletin DOCUMENTATION CENTER . In this role the ICTGE will provide geological and mining information, together with macroeconomic data, particularly concerned with the developing countries of the world. For these purposes, the Centre will possess a library containing synthesis studies, monographs (thematic or regional), and the programs for bilateral and multilateral cooperation. It will be equipped with all the documentary and data processing means allowing it access to the international data banks. It will therefore be able to establish an information network with all the main documentary centers.

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