bone mineral loss, 45–46

injury, responses to, 121

muscle loss, 48

nervous system, 53

rehabilitation measures, 127

surgical wounds, 121, 123

Antarctic stations, 12, 30, 76, 80, 83–86, 100, 195, 256–259

behavioral issues, 139, 140–141, 142, 159–160, 162

emergency and continuing care, 117– 118, 126, 131, 132–133

infections, 105, 126

surgical wounds, 126, 127

Appendicitis, 29, 82, 85, 88, 102, 104, 127

Astronaut Medical Evaluation Requirements Document, 97

Ataxia, 39, 48

Atraumatic restorative treatment, 100

Attitudes and beliefs, see Public opinion/ education

Auditory perception, 77

noise effects and controls, 8, 28, 93, 95

Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions, see Antarctic stations

Authority, NASA organization, 20, 21, 192, 193, 194–195, 198–199

see also Leadership

B

Baroreceptors, 49, 50

Behavioral health, 28, 76, 137–172, 190, 249, 251, 262

see also Cultural issues;

Group interactions;

Mental health and illness ;

Mood effects;

Screening, selection and training

analog environments, 12, 13, 139, 140– 141, 142, 145, 149, 152, 159– 160, 162, 164, 165–167, 170

Antarctic stations, 139, 140–141, 142, 159–160, 162

group interactions, 145–146, 152, 156, 159–160, 162, 164, 165–167

mental illness, 80–81

animal models, 150

clinical trials, 66

committee methodology, xii, 3

committee recommendations, 1, 11–13, 14, 15, 16, 21

computer applications, behavioral adaptation, 151, 154–155, 163– 164, 165, 166

confined environments, 138, 140, 142, 168, 170

countermeasures, 107, 108–110, 142, 156–157, 164–165, 169

databases, 139, 142, 165–166

disruptive crew interactions, 14, 108, 154–155, 168, 170

end-of-life care, 9, 130, 134, 211

genetic factors, 162–163

ground support personnel, 108–109, 140, 164, 166, 168

health care personnel, 150

international authorities, cooperation on, 138, 140

international crews, 107, 137, 145, 170, 168

International Space Station (ISS), 150, 152–153, 159

medical events in space, 80–81

Mir space station, 140, 141, 153

NASA efforts, 138, 139, 141, 143, 146, 147, 148, 150–151, 154, 156– 159, 160, 162, 164–165, 170

astronaut esprit as a problem, 174– 175, 182–183

neurological factors, 162, 163

organizational factors, 20, 193

physiological monitoring of, 154, 155– 156, 169

screening, 12, 77, 86, 107, 108

group interactions, 146–147, 148, 149, 158–165, 169, 170

underreporting of problems, 174– 175, 183, 187

sexual behavior, 138, 142, 149;

see also Contraceptives and contraception

sleep and circadian rhythm, 5, 39, 53– 55, 64, 72, 78, 139, 142, 143–144



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