NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W. Washington, DC 20418
NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.
Support for this project was provided by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The views presented in this report are those of the Institute of Medicine Committee on Creating a Vision for Space Medicine During Travel Beyond Earth Orbit and are not necessarily those of the funding agency.
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Institute of Medicine (U.S.). Committee on Creating a Vision for Space Medicine during Travel Beyond Earth Orbit.
Safe passage: astronaut care for exploration missions/John R.Ball and Charles H.Evans, Jr., editors; Committee on Creating a Vision for Space Medicine during Travel Beyond Earth Orbit, Board on Health Sciences Policy, Institute of Medicine.
Includes bibliographical references.
ISBN 0-309-07585-8 (pbk.)
1. Astronauts—Health and hygiene. 2. Space medicine.
[DNLM: 1. Aerospace Medicine—standards. 2. Health Services Needs and Demand. 3. Astronauts. 4. Radiation Effects. 5. Space Flight. 6. Weightlessness—adverse effects. WD 751 I59s 2001] I. Ball, John, 1944- II. Evans, Charles H. (Charles Hawes), 1940- III. Title.
RC1135 .I576 2001
Additional copies of this report are available for sale from the
National Academy Press,
2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W., Box 285, Washington, DC 20055. Call (800) 624–6242 or (202) 334–3313 (in the Washington metropolitan area), or visit the NAP’s home page at www.nap.edu. The full text of this report is available at www.nap.edu/readingroom.
For more information about the Institute of Medicine, visit the IOM home page at www.iom.edu.
Copyright© 2001 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Printed in the United States of America
The serpent has been a symbol of long life, healing, and knowledge among almost all cultures and religions since the beginning of recorded history. The serpent adopted as a logotype by the Institute of Medicine is a relief carving from ancient Greece, now held by the Staatliche Museen in Berlin.