Index

A

ACT test, 55

Age factors

see also Primary and secondary education

adults technological literacy, general, 64-68

automobile air bags, 26-29

museums and science centers, 89

social well-being, 44

student attitudes toward technology, 63-64

Agriculture, 116-117

genetically modified organisms, 14, 18, 26, 29-32

Global Positioning System, 41

American Architectural Foundation, 91-92

American Association for the Advancement of Science, 15(n.1), 58, 78, 80-81, 108, 109, 110, 124, 126, 130, 143-144

American Institute of Architects, 91-92

Army Corps of Engineers, 38-39

Assessment of technological literacy, 9, 31, 63-72, 105, 107-110

see also Tests and testing

Association for Career and Technical Education , 127

Association of Science-Technology Centers, 88-89, 127

Attitudes, 4, 17, 18, 20, 118

see also Public opinion

adults, 64-67, 68, 71, 109

science and technology centers, 88-89

students, 63-64, 71

Automobiles, 22, 26-29, 65

Autonomous Technology:

Technics-out-of-Control as a Theme in Political Thought, 115

Awards, see Contests and awards

B

Battelle Memorial Institute, 138

committee study sponsorship, vii, 2, 12

Benchmarks for Science Literacy, 78, 106, 126

Beyond Engineering: How Society Shapes Technology, 116

Biological Sciences Curriculum Studies, 79

Biomedical sciences, 14, 19, 48, 52, 67

see also Health and safety issues

curriculum development, 78, 79, 81

genetics,

genetically modified organisms, 14, 18, 26, 29-32, 67

public participation in decision making, 95

legislation, 61

professional organizations, 92-93



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Technically Speaking: Why All Americans Need to Know More About Technology Index A ACT test, 55 Age factors see also Primary and secondary education adults technological literacy, general, 64-68 automobile air bags, 26-29 museums and science centers, 89 social well-being, 44 student attitudes toward technology, 63-64 Agriculture, 116-117 genetically modified organisms, 14, 18, 26, 29-32 Global Positioning System, 41 American Architectural Foundation, 91-92 American Association for the Advancement of Science, 15(n.1), 58, 78, 80-81, 108, 109, 110, 124, 126, 130, 143-144 American Institute of Architects, 91-92 Army Corps of Engineers, 38-39 Assessment of technological literacy, 9, 31, 63-72, 105, 107-110 see also Tests and testing Association for Career and Technical Education , 127 Association of Science-Technology Centers, 88-89, 127 Attitudes, 4, 17, 18, 20, 118 see also Public opinion adults, 64-67, 68, 71, 109 science and technology centers, 88-89 students, 63-64, 71 Automobiles, 22, 26-29, 65 Autonomous Technology: Technics-out-of-Control as a Theme in Political Thought, 115 Awards, see Contests and awards B Battelle Memorial Institute, 138 committee study sponsorship, vii, 2, 12 Benchmarks for Science Literacy, 78, 106, 126 Beyond Engineering: How Society Shapes Technology, 116 Biological Sciences Curriculum Studies, 79 Biomedical sciences, 14, 19, 48, 52, 67 see also Health and safety issues curriculum development, 78, 79, 81 genetics, genetically modified organisms, 14, 18, 26, 29-32, 67 public participation in decision making, 95 legislation, 61 professional organizations, 92-93

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Technically Speaking: Why All Americans Need to Know More About Technology Black persons, 42, 43, 129, 138, 143 Boosting Engineering, Science, and Technology, 131-132 Britain, see United Kingdom British School Examinations Assessment Council, 69 Building Big, 121 Buildings, Bridges, and Tunnels, 116 C Canada, 68-69, 70 Carl D. Perkins Vocational Education Act, 82 Center for Engineering Education Outreach, 128 Center for Occupational Research and Development , 82-83, 128 Children Designing and Engineering Project, 121-122 City Technology Project, 122 Colleges and universities, 7, 84-88, 124, 128, 133 see also Teacher education museums and science centers, 89 public decision making, 95, 112 Commission on Achieving Necessary Skills, 41 Competency, technical, see Technical competency Computer technology, 4, 5-6, 13-15, 58-59, 133 see also Internet adult literacy, 64 climate models, 14 curriculum standards, 81 digital divide, 42-44, 45, 61, 138 Global Positioning System, 41 mass media coverage, 67, 90-91 overemphasis on, 58-63 primary and secondary education, 5-6, 44 digital divide, 42-44, 45, 61, 138 overemphasis on, 58-59 teaching with technology vs teaching about technology, 6, 58-59 Congress, see Legislation; Office of Technology Assessment Consensus conferences, 39, 95, 97 Constructive technology assessment, 96, 144-145 Consumer decision making, 3, 16, 25 automobile air bags, 22, 26-29, 65 genetically modified organisms, 14, 18, 26, 29-32 Contests and awards, 98 students, 93-94, 131-136 teachers, 10, 113-114 Cost and cost-benefit factors, 4, 20 see also Risk assessment automobile air bags, 27 Boston Central Artery and Tunnel, 37-40 California energy crisis, 36 engineering process, 52 Council for Basic Education, 56 Council of State Governments, 62 Council on Technology Teacher Education, 87-88 Craftsman/NSTA Young Inventors Award, 132 Cultural factors, 4, 16, 23, 81, 118, 120 see also Political factors; Social factors religious issues, 117, 119 Curriculum and instructional materials development, 2, 77-80, 91-92, 104, 105, 109, 113 biomedical sciences, 78, 79, 81 Department of Education, 8-9, 105, 107 federal government involvement, 9, 82, 83 inventive programs, 10, 105 National Science Foundation, 6-7, 8-9, 56, 57, 82, 105, 107, 123, 141 national standards, 9, 78-79, 80, 104, 105, 106-108, 126-127 postsecondary education, 85 resources for technological literacy summarized, 121-125, 128-129, 130 state standards, 8, 9, 126 technician preparation/vocational education, 82-83 textbooks, 77-78, 105-106 D Danish Board of Technology, 95, 111 Decision making, 3-4, 8, 25-35, 45, 94-98, 103-104, 110-113 see also Problem solving

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Technically Speaking: Why All Americans Need to Know More About Technology automobile air bags, 22, 26-29, 65 Boston Central Artery and Tunnel, 37-40 California energy crisis, 32-36 civic, 3-4, 7, 11, 12, 21, 22, 23, 36-40, 65-66, 70-71, 86-87, 90, 94-98, 103-104, 110-111 colleges and universities, 95, 112 consensus conferences, 39, 95, 97 genetically modified organisms, 14, 18, 26, 29-32 leadership, 3-4, 9, 12, 16, 26, 59-63, 111-112, 114 museums and science centers, 90 participation in, general, 7, 36-37, 39, 94-98 constructive technology assessment, 96 scenario workshops, 95-97 science shops, 96 technological determinism, 51, 52-53, 115, 116 Definitional issues technological literacy, 3, 4, 14-21 technological literacy vs technological competency, 21-22 technology, vii, 2-3, 13-14, 51 Department of Education primary and secondary education, curricula and instructional materials, 8-9, 105, 107 research on methods of learning, 9, 110 Department of Housing and Urban Development, 94 Department of Transportation, 94 The Design of Everyday Things, 16 Designing Engineers, 116 Digital divide, 42-44, 45, 61, 138 Dimensions of technological literacy, 3, 14-16, 23, 26, 69, 81, 98 air bags, 29 California energy crisis, 35, 36 genetically modified foods, 32 Does Technology Drive History?: The Dilemma of Technological Determinism, 116 Draper Prize, 132 Dream Reaper: The Story of an Old-Fashioned Inventor in the High-Tech, High-Stakes World of Modern Agriculture, 116-117 E Economic factors, 121, 129, 131 see also Cost and cost-benefit factors; Employment California energy crisis, 32-36 digital divide, 42-44, 45, 61, 138 job skills, 4-5, 40-42, 45, 49-50 leadership, 26, 111 Education Development Center, 80 Elementary and secondary education, see Primary and secondary education Elementary Science Education Partners Program, 140-141 Employment job skills, 4-5, 40-42, 45, 49-50 school-to-work partnerships, 84, 105 vocational education, 7, 53-55, 58, 77, 82-84 Energy resources and supply decision making, California energy crisis, 32-36 historical perspectives, 50 EngineerGirl, 123 Engineering Concepts Curriculum Project, 77-78 Engineering in the Mind’s Eye, 117 Engineers and engineering, 2, 4, 112 college curricula, 7, 42 design process, 13, 18, 21, 37, 51-52, 58, 81, 108, 116, 117, 122-123, 132-136 earthquakes, legislation, 61 electrical power, 50 fellowship programs, 10, 112-113 primary and secondary education, 54, 81, 91-93, 108 contests and awards, 93-94 relationship to science, 13-14, 51-52 resources for technological literacy summarized, 116, 117, 119-120, 121-127, 130-136 social implications, 22, 51, 52-53, 115, 116 women, 123, 131 Environmental protection, 52 Boston Central Artery and Tunnel, 38-39 California energy crisis, 34 genetically modified organisms, 30, 31 Environmental Protection Agency, 30, 38-39

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Technically Speaking: Why All Americans Need to Know More About Technology Ethnicity, see Race/ethnicity European Awareness Scenario Workshop, 95-96 European Union genetically modified organisms, 30 public opinion/knowledge polls, 69 urban areas, public participation in decision making, 95-96 The Existential Pleasures of Engineering, 117 F Federal government, 2, 7, 63, 71, 84 see also Funding; Legislation; terms beginning “Department of...” automobile air bags, 27 Boston Central Artery and Tunnel, 38-40 defense applications, 41 genetically modified organisms, 30 infrastructure projects, public education, 9 National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 57, 61, 67, 82, 124, 137, 138, 143, 144 primary and secondary education, 8, 82, 83, 104-105, 107, 130 teacher awards, 10, 113-114 public participation in decision making , 7, 94-95, 97-98, 110-112 vocational education, 83 Federal Highway Administration, 39-40 Fellowship programs, 10, 111-112 FIRST LEGO League, 132 FIRST Robotics Competition, 93, 94, 133 Food science, genetically modified organisms, 14, 18, 26, 29-32 Foreign countries, see International perspectives Foundations, 9, 91-93, 95, 111-112 see also National Science Foundation Funding, 9, 58, 61, 62, 86 see also Contests and awards; Department of Education; National Science Foundation civic decision making, 94-95 committee study sponsorship, vii, 2, 12 fellowship programs, 10, 112-113 primary and secondary education, 6-7, 8-9, 56-57, 109 computer technology, 58-59, 61 curricula and instructional materials, 6-7, 8-9, 56, 57, 82, 91-92, 105, 109, 123 school-to-work partnerships, 84 student awards, 93-94 teacher awards, 10, 113-114 teacher training, 59-60, 91-92 Future City Competition, 94, 133 Future Problem Solving Program, 133 G Gallup Organization, 64, 68, 71 Gender factors, 123, 141 automobile air bags, 28 Society of Women Engineers, 131 student attitudes toward technology, 63 Genetics genetically modified organisms, 14, 18, 26, 29-32, 67 public participation in decision making, 95 Gordon Prize for Innovation in Engineering and Technology Education, 134 Government, 52 see also Federal government; Political factors; State government civic decision making, 3-4, 7, 11, 12, 21, 22, 23, 36-40, 65-66, 70-71, 86-87, 90, 94-98. 103-104, 110-111 fellowship programs, 10, 111-112 leadership, 3-4, 9, 12, 16, 26, 70. 111-112, 114 Great Britain, see United Kingdom The Great Idea Finder, 117 Greatest Achievements of the 20th Century, 117 H Handbook of Science and Technology, 86 Health and safety issues, 48, 52, 67 see also Biomedical sciences automobile air bags, 26-29

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Technically Speaking: Why All Americans Need to Know More About Technology genetically modified organisms, 14, 18, 26, 29-32 telecommunications legislation, 61 High Tech, High Touch: Technology and Our Search for Meaning, 117 Higher education, see Colleges and universities; Vocational education Hispanics, 42-43, 129 Historical perspectives, 3, 4, 6, 11-12, 16, 22, 47-51, 80, 85-86, 105, 106, 142-143 see also Legislation automobile air bags, 27-28 cultural literacy, 16, 18 genetically modified organisms, 30 international test comparisons, 69 Internet sites, 80, 116, 117, 118, 120, 121 museums, 2, 7, 9, 88-90, 98, 110, 111, 128-129, 141 primary and secondary education, 56, 59-60, 83-84, 105, 106 postsecondary education, 85-86 resources for technological literacy summarized, 115-121, 128-129, 131 social well-being, 44 urban transportation, 37 vocational education, 83-84 How Stuff Works, 118 I Incentive programs contests and awards, 98 students, 93-94, 131-135 teachers, 10, 113-114 curriculum development, 10, 105 teachers, 9, 10, 59-60, 108, 113-114 Informal education, 7, 88-94, 98-99, 103, 104, 110, 111 see also Mass media museums, 2, 7, 9, 88-90, 98, 110, 111, 128-129, 141 science and technology centers, 2, 7, 61, 88-90, 110, 111, 127 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 92, 122 Instructional materials, see Curriculum and instructional materials development Integrated Mathematics, Science, and Technology, 123 Integrating Technology Education Across the Curriculum, 123 Intel International Science and Engineering Fair, 93, 134 Intellectual Appropriation of Technology: Discourses on Modernity, 1900-1939 , 118 Interdisciplinary approaches, 104, 125-126, 131 engineering courses, 85-86 postsecondary education, general, 85 International perspectives, 68-70 contests and awards, 135 foreign workers in U.S., 42, 61 genetically modified organisms, 30 primary and secondary education, technology education, general, 53-54 testing, 6, 104-105 public decision making, 95-97, 111 resources for technological literacy summarized, 121 science and technology centers, 88-89 student attitudes, 63 International Technology Education Association, 7, 64, 71, 80-82, 87-88, 98, 108, 109, 114, 123, 127, 128, 139 Internet, 4, 5-6, 44, 110, 111, 118, 119, 120-136 (passim) contests and awards, 131-136 digital divide, 42-44, 45, 61, 138 historical perspectives on science, 80, 116, 117, 118, 120, 121 mass media connections, 90 report at hand, website, vii, 2, 12 teaching with technology vs teaching about technology, 6, 58-59 test comparisons, 6, 64, 68-70, 106 The Invention That Changed the World: How a Small Group of Radar Pioneers Won the Second World War and Launched a Technological Revolution, 118

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Technically Speaking: Why All Americans Need to Know More About Technology J Jefferson, Thomas, 11 Jerome and Dorothy Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation, 128-129, 134 Journal of Technology Education, 128 Junior Engineering Technical Society, 93-94, 129 K K-12, see Primary and secondary education L Leadership, 3-4, 9, 12, 16, 26, 59-63, 111-112, 114 Learning by Design, 123 Learning processes, 57-58 Legislation, 62, 111 California energy crisis, 32-36 Carl D. Perkins Vocational Education Act, 82 educational, 59-62, 82, 84 National Environmental Protection Act, 38 School to Work Opportunities Act, 84 Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation, 128, 134 Loka Institute, 95, 129 Longitude: The True Story of a Lone Genius Who Solved the Greatest Scientific Problem of His Time, 118 M Madison, James, 11 Man-Made World, 77-78 Manufacturing Is Cool!, 124 Massachusetts Curriculum Frameworks, 126 Mass media, 3-4, 7, 14, 20, 90-91, 98, 110, 142 see also Informal education; Internet Boston Central Artery and Tunnel, 39 computer technology, coverage of, 67, 90-91 fellowship programs, 10, 111-112 news coverage of technology, 66-67, 90-91 Mathematics, 4, 6, 122, 123, 125, 126, 127 characteristics of technologically literate person, see “characteristics...” under Technological literacy, general international test comparisons, 6, 64, 70 state standards, 8, 106 Media influences, see Mass media Medical sciences, see Biomedical sciences Methodology, 108-110 see also Definitional issues; Interdisciplinary approaches assessment of technological literacy, 9, 31, 63-72, 105, 107-110; see also Tests and testing committee study at hand, vii-x, 8, 12, 103 National Science Foundation, 9, 58, 109, 110 Middle School Science and Technology, 79, 124 Minorities, see Race/ethnicity Misconceptions, 5, 50-53 More Work for Mother: The Ironies of Household Technology from the Open Hearth to the Microwave, 118-119 Multidisciplinary approaches, see Interdisciplinary approaches Museums, 2, 7, 9, 88-90, 98, 110, 111, 128-129, 141 see also Science and technology centers N Naked City, 48 National Action Council for Minorities in Engineering, 129 National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 57, 61, 67, 82, 124, 137, 138, 143, 144 National Assessment of Educational Progress, 55, 106

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Technically Speaking: Why All Americans Need to Know More About Technology National Association for Science, Technology, and Society, 79-80 National Center on Education and the Economy, 56 National Center for Education Statistics, 83 National Conference of State Legislatures, 62 National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education, 87 National Council of Teachers of English, 79 National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, 126-127 National Engineering Design Challenge, 93-94, 134-135 National Engineers Week, 92, 94 National Highway Transportation Safety Administration, 27 National Public Radio, 91 National Science Board, 66-68 National Science Education Standards, 78, 106, 126 National Science Foundation assessment tools, 9 committee study sponsorship, vii, 2, 12 digital divide, 61 history, philosophy, and sociology of science, 86 primary and secondary education, 105 curricula and instructional materials, 6-7, 8-9, 56, 57, 82, 105, 107, 123, 141 teacher incentives, 10, 108, 113-114 research on methods of learning, 9, 58, 109, 110 state legislatures, 62 National Science Resources Center, 79, 130 National Skill Standards Board, 84, 130 Netherlands, 63, 96, 111 O Odyssey of the Mind, 135 Office of Technology Assessment, 60 Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, 69-70 P Paths of Innovation: Technological Change in the 20th Century, 119 PATT, see Pupils’ Attitude Toward Technology Pew Research Center, 67, 68 Physics in Context, 83 Political factors, 8, 115, 129, 131 see also Government civic decision making, 3-4, 7, 11, 12, 21, 22, 23, 36-40, 65-66, 70-71, 86-87, 90, 94-98, 110-111 Postsecondary education, see Colleges and universities; Vocational education Presidential Awards for Excellence in Mathematics and Science Teaching, 113-114, 138 Presidential Awards for Excellence in Technology Teaching, 10, 113-114 Primary and secondary education, 5-7, 47, 53-57, 63-64, 71-72, 77-84, 98-99, 104-107 see also Curriculum and instructional materials development; Teacher education; Teachers; Tests and testing committee report audience, 2 computers and the Internet, 5-6, 44 contests and awards, 93-94, 131-136 digital divide, 42-44, 45, 61, 138 engineering, 54, 81, 91-93, 108 federal government, 8, 82, 83, 104-105, 107, 130 funding, 6-7, 8-9, 56-57, 109 computer technology, 58-59, 61 curricula and instructional materials, 6-7, 8-9, 56, 57, 82, 91-92, 105, 109, 123-124 school-to-work partnerships, 84 student awards, 93-94 teacher awards, 10, 113-114 teacher training, 59-60, 91-92 historical perspectives, 56, 59-60, 83-84, 105, 106 international perspectives, technology education, general, 53-54 testing, 6, 104-105 museums and science centers, 89

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Technically Speaking: Why All Americans Need to Know More About Technology National Science Foundation, 105 curricula and instructional materials, 6-7, 8-9, 56, 57, 82, 105, 107, 123, 141 teacher incentives, 10, 108, 113-114 overemphasis on, 58-59 problem solving, 56, 92, 133 resources for technological literacy summarized, 121-126, 128-129, 130 school-to-work partnerships, 84, 105 standards, 7, 8, 9, 55-56, 78-79, 80-82, 98, 104-105, 106-107, 108, 126-127, 139-140, 143-144, 145 Benchmarks for Science Literacy, 78, 106, 126 national standards, 9, 78-79, 80, 104, 105, 106-108, 126-127 state standards, 8, 9, 126 vocational, 84 state government, 8, 9, 53, 60, 62, 82-83, 104-107 school-to-work partnerships, 84, 105 standards, 8, 9, 126 student attitudes toward technology, 63-64, 71 teacher awards, 10, 113-114 vocational education, 7, 53-55, 58, 77, 82-84 teacher education, 54-56, 124-125 Principles and Standards for School Mathematics, 106, 126 Principles of Technology, 82-83 Prizes, see Contests and awards Problem solving, 13, 23, 57-58, 129, 135, 141 see also Decision making everyday skills, 4, 17, 20, 49-50, 116, 118-119 job skills, 4-5, 40-42, 45, 49-50 primary and secondary education, 56, 92, 133 Programme for International Student Assessment, 70 Project 2061, 124, 130 Public Broadcasting System, 91 Public opinion see also Mass media Boston Central Artery and Tunnel, 40 civic decision making, 3-4, 7, 11, 12, 21, 22, 23, 36-40, 65-66, 70-71, 86-87, 90, 94-98. 103-104, 110-111 genetically modified organisms, 29, 30, 31 misconceptions, 5, 50-53 technology, general, viii, 4, 5, 6, 10, 109, 132 Public Radio International, 91 Pupils’ Attitude Toward Technology, 63 R Race/ethnicity black persons, 42, 43, 129, 138, 143 digital divide, 42-44, 45, 61, 138, 143 Hispanics, 42-43, 129 National Action Council for Minorities in Engineering, 129 Rathenau Institute, 96 Reform of education, 2, 8 The Religion of Technology: The Divinity of Man and the Spirit of Invention, 119 Religious issues, 117, 119 Rescuing Prometheus: Four Monumental Projects That Changed The Modern World, 119 Research methodology, see Methodology Resources for Science Literacy, 108, 124 Risk assessment, 4, 17, 19, 32 see also Cost and cost-benefit factors automobile air bags, 22, 26-29 civic decision making, 37 genetically modified organisms, 14, 18, 26, 29-32 RI/SME Student Robotic Engineering Challenge, 135 S Safety, see Health and safety issues Salvadori Center, 130-131 SAT test, 55 School to Work Opportunities Act, 84 Science and Engineering Indicators, 66-68 Science and technology centers, 2, 7, 61, 88-90, 110, 111, 127 see also Museums

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Technically Speaking: Why All Americans Need to Know More About Technology Science for All Americans, 78, 108 Science shops, 96 Science T.R.A.C.S., 79 Secondary education, see Primary and secondary education Sightseer’s Guide to Engineering, 119 Smithsonian Institution, 79, 80, 128-130 Social factors, 4, 7, 8, 18, 20, 23, 138-139 see also Cultural factors; Political factors; Public opinion museums and science centers, 89-90 postsecondary education, 85, 86-87 primary and secondary education curriculum, 78, 80, 81, 82, 91-92, 105, 106, 108 resources for technological literacy summarized, 115-117, 118, 120, 128-129, 131 technological determinism, 51, 52-53, 115, 116 well-being, 44-45 Society for Automotive Engineers, 91 Society for the History of Technology, 80, 131 Society of Women Engineers, 131 The Soul of a New Machine, 119-120 Standards, 130 benchmarks for literacy, 55-56, 78, 105, 106, 126-127 dimensions of literacy, 3, 14-16, 23, 26, 29, 32, 35, 36, 69, 81, 98 engineering design process, 13, 18 primary and secondary education, 7, 8, 9, 55-56, 78-79, 80-82, 98, 104-105, 106-107, 108, 126-127, 139-140, 143-144, 145 Benchmarks for Science Literacy, 78, 106, 126 national standards, 9, 78-79, 80, 104, 105, 106-108, 126 state standards, 8, 9, 126 vocational, 84 resources for technological literacy summarized, 125-127 teacher education, 7, 79, 80, 87-88 Standards for Technological Literacy: Content for the Study of Technology, 7, 79, 80, 88, 106, 108, 127, 128 see also International Technology Education Association State government, 2, 111-112 California energy crisis, 32-36 governors, 62-63 legislatures, technical capabilities, 60, 62, 71, 111 primary and secondary education, 8, 9, 53, 60, 62, 82-83, 104-107 school-to-work partnerships, 84, 105 standards, 8, 9, 126 State Science, Engineering and Technology program, 62 Systems, understanding of, 17 T Teacher education, 9, 54-55, 59-60, 87-88, 107-108, 130-131, 140 see also Curriculum and instructional materials development incentive programs, 9, 10, 59-60, 108, 113-114 International Technology Education Association, 7, 64, 71, 80-82, 87-88, 98, 108, 109, 114, 127, 128, 139 museums and science centers, 89 professional organizations, cooperation with, 91-92, 130-131 standards, 7, 79, 80, 87-88 vocational, 54-56, 124-125 Teachers, 2, 8, 108 contests and awards, 10, 113-114 International Technology Education Association, 7, 64, 71, 80-82, 87-88, 98, 108, 109, 114, 126-127, 128, 139 Technical competency, general, 7, 21-22 everyday skills, 4, 17, 20, 49-50, 116, 118-119 Technological Literacy, 120 Technological literacy, general characteristics of literate person, 4, 17-21 air bags, 29 Boston Central Artery and Tunnel, 40 California energy crisis, 35, 36 genetically modified foods, 32 defined, 3, 4, 14-21, 120

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Technically Speaking: Why All Americans Need to Know More About Technology dimensions of, 3, 14-16, 23, 26, 29, 32, 35, 36, 69, 81, 98 Technology, defined, vii, 2-3, 13-14 Technology and Culture, 120 Technology and the Future, 120 Technology Literacy Challenge, 58-59 Technology Teacher Magazine, 125, 128 Technopoly: The Surrender of Culture to Technology, 120 Telecommunications, 14, 48, 57(n.1) see also Internet; Mass media adult understanding of, 65 curriculum standards, 81 wireless communication, legislation, 61 Tests and testing, 8, 55, 63, 104-105, 106, 128-129 see also Assessment of technological literacy; Contests and awards international test comparisons, 6, 64, 68-70, 106 National Assessment of Educational Progress , 55, 106 National Science Foundation, literacy assessment tools, 9 Tests of Engineering Aptitude, Mathematics, and Science, 93 Textbooks, 77-78, 105-106 Third International Math and Science Study, 64, 106 TIES Magazine, 125 To Engineer Is Human: The Role of Failure in Successful Design, 120 Toshiba/NSTA Exploravision Awards, 135-136 Transportation services, 37-40, 48, 49 curriculum standards, 81 high-speed rail, 61 resources for technological literacy summarized, 116 TSM Connection Activities, 125 U The Unbound Prometheus: Technological Change and Industrial Development in Western Europe from 1750 to the Present, 121 United Kingdom, 69 Universities, see Colleges and universities Urban areas, 37-40, 48, 94, 95-96, 133 V Views On Science, Technology, and Society, 68-69 Virtual Center for Science and Technology, 121 Vocational education, 7, 53-55, 58, 77, 82-84 school-to-work partnerships, 84, 105 teacher education, 54-56, 125, 127 W Why Things Bite Back: Technology and the Revenge of Unintended Consequences, 121 World in Motion series, 92, 125-126 World Wide Web, see Internet