• Second, who is involved or has input when policy for review of these decisions in being established?

With regard to both questions, APHIS may choose to solicit advice from sources deemed useful by agency staff (although the short turnaround required for notifications may limit the time to obtain that advice). Also, the widest level of public input presently solicited by APHIS is achieved through publication in the Federal Register of intent to deregulate, issue permits, or alter internal APHIS procedures. APHIS generally receives comments on these Federal Register notices for a limited period and is required to issue responses to all comments that express disagreement with intended action.

External Input into the Decision-Making Process

Table 5.1 summarizes the current range of external participation in APHIS’s deliberative process for characterizing and evaluating risks asso

TABLE 5.1 APHIS Involvement of Potential Participant Groups in the Process of Commercializing a Transgenic Plant or Its Products

 

Applicants

External Experts

Critics

Consumers

Users

Petition for Nonregulated status

 

Hazard identification

I

I

N

N

N

Risk measurement

I

I-N

N

N

N

Making a decisiona

F

F

F

F

F

Risk management

I-N

N

N

N

N

Permit for release

 

Hazard identification

I

N

N

N

N

Risk measurement

I

N

N

N

N

Making a decisionb

I

I

I

I

I

Risk management

I

N

N

N

N

Notification

 

Hazard identification

I

N

N

N

N

Risk measurement

I

N

N

N

N

Making a decision

I

N

N

N

N

Risk management

I

N

N

N

N

The process for involving interested or affected parties is designated as F, formal process; I, informal process; N, no process available.

aNotification of an impending decision must be published in the Federal Register, requesting comments from interested parties.

bIssuance of a permit is under the authority of the Secretary of Agriculture and does not require publication in the Federal Register. When permits are announced interested or affected parties can request the related decision documents.



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