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understand alternatives, traffic professionals need to interact with academic and technical communities so that they can anticipate tools that may be available in 5, 10, even or 20 years and so that development of the tools can keep pace with emerging problems. This will help communities protect their cultural, environmental, and social resources and plan to meet their own needs and those of future generations.
FGDC (Federal Geographic Data Committee). 2000. NSDI Community Demonstration Projects Final Report. Available at http://www.fgdc.gov/nsdi/docs/cdp/. Accessed October 1, 2001.
Leitner, Helga, Sarah Elwood, Eric Sheppard, Susanna McMaster, and Robert McMaster. 2000. Modes of GIS provision and their appropriateness for neighborhood organizations: Examples from Minneapolis and St. Paul, Minnesota. URISA Journal 12(4 Fall):43-56.
NRC (National Research Council). 1993. Toward a Coordinated Spatial Data Infrastructure for the Nation. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.
NRC. 1994. Promoting the National Spatial Data Infrastructure Through Partnerships. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.
NRC. 1995. A Data Foundation for the National Spatial Data Infrastructure. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.
Sawicki, David S., and Patrice Flynn. 1996. Neighborhood indicators: A review of the literature and an assessment of conceptual and methodological issues. Journal of the American Planning Association 62(2):165-183.
Sawicki, David S. and David R. Peterman. 2002. Surveying the Extent of PPGIS Practice in the United States. In W. J. Craig, T. M. Harris, and D. Weiner, eds., Community Participation and Geographic Information Systems. London: Taylor and Francis.